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In Convention, —From Massachusetts, NATHANIEL GORHAM and CALEB STRONG; from Connecticut, OLIVER ELLSWORTH; from Delaware, GUNNING BEDFOBD; from Maryland, JAMES McHENRY; from Pennsylvania, BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, GEORGE CLYMER, THOMAS MIFFLIN, and JARED INGERSOLL, —took their seats.
Mr. WYTHE, from the Committee for preparing rules, made a report, which employed the deliberations of this day.
Mr. KING objected to one of the rules in the report authorizing any member to call for the Yeas and Nays and have them entered on the minutes. He urged, that as the aots of the Convention were not to bind the constituents, it was unnecessary to exhibit this evidence of the votes; and improper, as changes of opinion would be frequent in the course of the business, and would fill the minutes with contradictions.
Colonel MASON seconded the objection, adding, that such a record of the opinions of members would be an obstacle to a change of them on conviction; and in case of its being hereafter promulged, must furnish handles to the adversaries of the result of the meeting.
The proposed rule was rejected, nem. Con. The standing rules agreed to were as follows:
" A House to do business shall consist of the Deputies of not less than seven States; and all questions shall be decided by the greater number of these whiell shall be fully represented. But a less number than seven may adjourn from day to day.
"Immediately after the President shall have taken the Chair, and the members their seats, the minutes of the preceding day shall be read by the Secretary.
" Every member, rising to speak, shall address the President; and, whilst he shall be speaking, none shall pass between them, or hold discourse with another, or read a book, pamphlet, or paper, printed or manuscript. And of two members rising to speak at the same time, the President shall name him who shall be first heard.
" A member shall not speak oftener than twice, without special leave, upon the same question; and not the second time, before every other who had been silent shall have been heard, if he choose to speak upon the subject.
"A motion, made and seconded, shall be repeated, and, if written as it shall be when any member shall so require, read aloud, by the Secretary, before it shall be debated; and may be withdrawn at any time before the vote upon it shall have been declared.
" Orders of the day shall be read next after the minutes; and either discussed or postponed, before any other business shall be introduced.
" When a debate shall arise upon a question, no motion, other than to amend the question, to commit it, or to postpone the debate, shall be received.
" A question which is complicated shall, at the request of any member, be divided, and put separately upon the propositions of which it is compounded.
" The determination of a question, although fully debated, shall be postponed, if the Deputies of any State desire it, until the next day.
" A writing which contains any matter brought on to be considered shall be read once throughout, for information; then by paragraphs, to be debated; and again, with the amendments, if any, made on the second reading; and afterwards the question shall be put upon the whole, amended, or approved in its original form, as the case shall be.
" Committees shall be appointed by ballot; and the members who have the greatest number of ballots, although not a majority of the votes present, shall be the Committee. When two or more members have an equal number of votes, the member standing first on the list, in the order of taking down the ballots, shall be preferred.
" A member may be
"Upon a question to adjourn, for the day, which may be made at any time, if it be seconded, the question shall be put wiThout a debate.
"When the: EIouse shall adjourn, every member shall stand in his place until the President pass him." *
A letter from sundry persons of the State of Rhode Island, addressed to the Chairman of the General Convention, was presented to the Chair by Mr GOUVERNEUR MORRIS; and, being read, was ordered to lie on the table for further consideration.
Mr. BUTLER moved that the House provide against interruption of business by absence of members, and against licentious publications of their proceedings. To which was added, by Mr. SPAIGHT, a motion to provide, that, on the one hand, the House might not be precluded by a voto upon any question from revising the subject matter of it, when they see cause, nor, on the other hand, be led too hastily to rescind a decision which was the result of mature discussion. Whereupon it was ordered, that these motions be referred for the consideration of the Committee appointed to draw up the standing rules, and that the Committee make report thereon.
Adjourned till to-morrow, at ten o'clock.
Historical Events on May 29
- French King Philip VI of Valois crowned at the Cathedral in Reims, France Pope John XXIII [Baldassare Cossa] formally deposed as Pope at the Conference of Constance, Germany, after he had fled the town in disguise
Event of Interest
1453 Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire falls to the Turks under Mehmed II ends the Byzantine Empire
- French banker Jacques Coeur's possessions confiscated Spanish army under Cristóbal de Mondragón conquers Zierik sea Battle of Sacheon: Korean navy led by Admiral Yi Sun Shin repels a Japanese fleet - first use of Korean Turtle ship
Event of Interest
- Battle of Goodwin Sands, off Folkestone, Kent: English 'General at Sea' Robert Blake drives out Dutch fleet under Lieutenant Admiral Maarten Tromp
Event of Interest
1660 On his 30th birthday Charles II returns to London from exile in the Netherlands to claim the English throne after the Puritan Commonwealth comes to an end
- Treaty of Middle Plantation establishes peace between the Virginia colonists and local Native Americans Battle at La Hogue: English and Dutch fleet beat France
Event of Interest
1765 Patrick Henry's historic speech against the Stamp Act, answering a cry of "Treason!" with, "If this be treason, make the most of it!"
- Battle of Waxhaw Creek: alleged massacre of 113 of Colonel Abraham Buford's continentals by Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton's troops after the continentals raised a white flag
Event of Interest
1787 "Virginia Plan" by Thomas Jefferson proposed to the Constitutional Convention advocating for a national government with three branches - legislative, executive, and judicial
Constitution of the United States
1790 Rhode Island becomes last of original 13 colonies ratifying US Constitution
- Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte Wisconsin becomes 30th US state Lincoln says "You can fool some of the people all of the time, and all of the people some of the time, but you can not fool all of the people all of the time."
Conference of Interest
1851 Sojourner Truth addresses 1st Black Women's Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio
Event of Interest
1861 Dorothea Dix offers help in setting up hospitals for the Union Army
- Mexican Emperor Maximilian arrives at Vera Cruz Michael Obrenovich III, Prince of Serbia, is assassinated in Belgrade Present constitution of Switzerland takes effect Europe's first steam cable trams start in Highgate, London
Event of Interest
1886 American chemist John Pemberton begins to advertise Coca-Cola
1901 Ignacy Jan Paderewski's opera "Manru" has its world premiere in Dresden
- Dutch State Mine law forms May coup d'etat: Alexander Obrenovich, King of Serbia, and Queen Draga, are assassinated in Belgrade by the Black Hand (Crna Ruka) organization Pogrom against Jewish community in Brisk, Lithuania Frank "Home Run" Baker's 1st career home run for Philadelphia Athletics Pope Pius X's encyclical on Editae Saepe, against church reformers 15 young women are fired by Curtis Publishing in Philadelphia for dancing the "Turkey Trot" during their lunch break Ballets Russes premieres their ballet L'après-midi d'un faune (The Afternoon of a Faun) in Paris, choreographed by Vaslav Nijinsky
Event of Interest
1913 Igor Stravinsky's ballet score "Le Sacre du Printemps" (The Rite of Spring) premieres at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris, provoking a riot
- Ship rams Canadian ship Empress of Ireland on St Lawrence River 1,024 die NY Giants win 17th consecutive road game Official flag of President of the United States adopted US forces invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924 Charles Strite files patent for the pop-up toaster
1919 Albert Einstein's Theory of Relativity, that when light passes a large body, gravity will bend the rays confirmed by Arthur Eddington's expedition to photograph a solar eclipse on the island of Principe, West Africa
- The Republic of Prekmurje founded - a short-lived, unrecognised state, which on June 6, 1919 was incorporated into the newly established Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed "Yugoslavia" in 1929) US Supreme Court rules organized baseball is a sport and not a business and thus not subject to antitrust laws
Event of Interest
1942 Bing Crosby records "White Christmas", world's best-selling single (estimated 100 million copies sold)
1942 "Yankee Doodle Dandy", based on life of George M. Cohan, directed by Michael Curtiz, starring James Cagney and Joan Lesley, premieres in NYC (Academy Awards Best Actor 1943)
Conference of Interest
- Meat and cheese rationed in US British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy US 1st Marine division conquers Shuri Castle, Okinawa KVP wins Provincial National election in Netherlands French Championships Men's Tennis: Frank Parker wins 1st of 2 straight French titles beats Jaroslav Drobný 6-4, 7-5, 5-7, 8-6 French Championships Women's Tennis: Belgium-born but representing France, Nelly Landry beats American Shirley Fry 6-2, 0-6, 6-0 for her lone major title Candid Camera, TV comedy show, moves to NBC 1st British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "The Best Years of Our Lives" Best Film 2nd British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "Hamlet" Best Film
Tenzing Norgay on the Summit of Mount Everest
1953 Edmund Hillary (NZ) and Tenzing Norgay (Nepal) are first to reach the summit of Mount Everest as part of a British Expedition
- 500th anniversary of the fall of Constantinople and the end of the Byzantine Empire (to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II)
Event of Interest
1954 Pope Pius XII issues holy declaration
- First of the annual Bilderberg conferences, fostering relations between Europe and North America held at Oosterbeek, Netherlands
French Open Men's Tennis
1954 French Championships Men's Tennis: Tony Trabert beats Art Larsen 6-4, 7-5, 6-1 for first of 2 straight French singles titles
- French Championships Women's Tennis: Maureen Connolly retains her title beats Ginette Bucaille of France 6-4, 6-1 British runner Diane Leather becomes first woman to run the mile in under 5 minutes 4:59.6 at Alexander Sports Ground in Birmingham, England Jordan government of Tewfik Abdul Huda resigns
Event of Interest
- WESH TV channel 2 in Daytona Beach-Orlando, FL (NBC) 1st broadcast Algerian rebels kill 336 collaborators Laos government of prince Suvanna Phuma resigns NYC Mayor Robert Wagner says he plans to confer with the Giants & Dodgers about the proposed move to the west coast
Event of Interest
#1 in the Charts
1960 Everly Brothers "Cathy's Clown" hits #1
TV Show Appearance
- 4th Grammy Awards: Moon River, Peter Nero win Phillies Dick Allen hits 529' HR out of Connie Mack Stadium
French Open Men's Tennis
1965 French Championships Men's Tennis: Fred Stolle beats fellow Australian Tony Roche 3-6, 6-0, 6-2, 6-3 for his first Grand Slam singles title
- French Championships Women's Tennis: Australian Lesley Turner Bowrey wins her 2nd French singles crown upsets doubles partner Margaret Smith 6-3, 6-4 Australian Paul McManus water skis barefoot for 1:30:19 US Truth in Lending Act signed into law UN resolves sanctions on white-minority-ruled Rhodesia European Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London: Bobby Charlton scores twice as Manchester United beats Benfica, 4-1 first English club to win the trophy Britain's Trans-Arctic expedition makes 1st crossing of Arctic Sea ice General strike in Cordoba, Argentina, leading to the Cordobazo civil unrest USSR performs underground nuclear test "Court Room" by Clarence Carter hits #61 Indianapolis 500: Defending champion Al Unser Snr becomes first and only driver to win race on his birthday leads for final 83 laps LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Southern Pines CC: Sandra Palmer wins first of 2 majors by a massive 10 strokes from Judy Rankin and Mickey Wright The Official IRA announce a ceasefire Thomas Bradley elected 1st African American mayor of Los Angeles, California Columbia Records fires president Clive Davis for misappropriating $100,000 in funds, Davis will start Arista records Northern Ireland is brought under direct rule from Westminster
Event of Interest
1976 "One Piece At A Time" by Johnny Cash hits #29
Memorial Day started as an event to honor Union soldiers who had died during the American Civil War. It was inspired by the way people in the Southern states honored their dead. After World War I, it was extended to include all men and women who died in any war or military action.
Memorial Day was originally known as Decoration Day. The current name for this day did not come into use until after World War II. Decoration Day and then Memorial Day used to be held on May 30, regardless of the day of the week, on which it fell. In 1968, the Uniform Holidays Bill was passed as part of a move to use federal holidays to create three-day weekends. This meant that that from 1971, the Memorial Day holiday has been officially observed on the last Monday in May. However, it took a longer period for all American states to recognize the new date.
Memorial Day Observances
|2016||пнд||30 май||Memorial Day||Federal Holiday|
|2017||пнд||29 май||Memorial Day||Federal Holiday|
|2018||пнд||28 май||Memorial Day||Federal Holiday|
|2019||пнд||27 май||Memorial Day||Federal Holiday|
|2020||пнд||25 май||Memorial Day||Federal Holiday|
|2021||пнд||31 май||Memorial Day||Federal Holiday|
|2022||пнд||30 май||Memorial Day||Federal Holiday|
|2023||пнд||29 май||Memorial Day||Federal Holiday|
|2024||пнд||27 май||Memorial Day||Federal Holiday|
|2025||пнд||26 май||Memorial Day||Federal Holiday|
|2026||пнд||25 май||Memorial Day||Federal Holiday|
While we diligently research and update our holiday dates, some of the information in the table above may be preliminary. If you find an error, please let us know.
Other Names and Languages
|German||Gedenktag (Memorial Day)|
|Spanish||Día de los Caídos|
Other Holidays in май 2021 in the United States
- 1 май , Orthodox Holy Saturday
- 2 май , Orthodox Easter
- 3 май , Orthodox Easter Monday
- 4 май , Kent State Shootings Remembrance
- 5 май , Cinco de Mayo
- 6 май , National Nurses Day
- 7 май , Truman Day
- 8 май , Lailat al-Qadr
- 9 май , Mother's Day
- 10 май , Confederate Memorial Day
- 13 май , Ascension Day
- 14 май , Native American Day
- 15 май , Peace Officers Memorial Day
- 17 май , Shavuot
- 19 май , Emergency Medical Services for Children Day
- 21 май , National Defense Transportation Day
- 22 май , National Maritime Day
- 23 май , Pentecost
- 24 май , Whit Monday
- 25 май , National Missing Children's Day
- 30 май , Trinity Sunday
- 31 май , Jefferson Davis' Birthday
United Nation Holiday on 31 май 2021 г.
Fun Holiday on 31 май 2021 г.
Macaroon Day on May 31 is a celebration of delicious meringue cakes or cookies. More
How the Electoral College Works
In 1787, two things forever changed the face of American politics: First, a group of national leaders drafted the U.S. Constitution, and second, they decided the average citizen wasn't erudite enough to elect a president without the bridge of a system known as the Electoral College.
The Electoral College was created by the framers of the U.S. Constitution as a compromise for the presidential election process. At the time, some politicians believed a purely popular election was too reckless and would give too much voting power to highly populated areas in which people were familiar with a presidential candidate. Others objected to the possibility of letting Congress select the president, as some suggested. The answer? An Electoral College system that allowed voters to vote for electors, who would then cast their votes for candidates, a system described in Article II, section 1 of the Constitution [source: Weingast].
The concept worked as expected until the 1800 election, when presidential hopefuls Aaron Burr and Thomas Jefferson each received the same amount of electoral votes. By then, political parties had become powerful influencers. Leaders of each party handpicked electors who, naturally, voted for their electing party's candidates. The tie was broken by the House of Representatives, but resulted in the Constitution's 12th Amendment, which spelled out the electoral voting process in more detail [source: Cornell University Law School].
May 28, 1787 Johann Georg Leopold Mozart passed away in Salzburg, Austria. He was a German composer, conductor, teacher, and violinist. Mozart is best known today as the father and teacher of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and for his violin textbook Versuch einer gründlichen Violinschule. Mozart was a member Zur Wohlt'tigkeit (the charity).
This Day In Masonic History
June 18, 1942 Arthur Pryor passes away in West Long Branch, New Jersey. Arthur Pryor was born on the in Saint Joseph, Missouri in 1870. He would be a trombone virtuoso, bandleader, and soloist with the Sousa Band. He was a prolific composer of band music, his best known composition being "The Whistler and His Dog". In later life, he became a Democratic Party politician from New Jersey, who served on the Monmouth County Board of Chosen Freeholders during the 1930s. He was a charter member (1914) of the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) and of the American Bandmasters Association (1929). He was a Mason, 33° AASR, and a Shriner. He is buried in the Glenwood Cemetery, West Long Branch, New Jersey.
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Three-fifths compromise, compromise agreement between delegates from the Northern and the Southern states at the United States Constitutional Convention (1787) that three-fifths of the slave population would be counted for determining direct taxation and representation in the House of Representatives.
Many of the Founding Fathers acknowledged that slavery violated the ideal of liberty that was so central to the American Revolution, but, because they were committed to the sanctity of private property rights, the principles of limited government, and the pursuit of intersectional harmony, they were unable to take bold action against slavery. Moreover, the Southern Founders’ thoroughgoing embrace of slave-based agriculture and their deeply ingrained racial prejudice solidified the barriers against emancipation. That the Continental Congress removed Thomas Jefferson’s statement regarding the injustice of the slave trade (and, by implication, slavery) from the final version of the Declaration of Independence is emblematic of the Founders’ resolve to subordinate the controversial issue of slavery to the larger goal of securing the unity and independence of the United States.
Notwithstanding the initial disagreements over slavery at the Constitutional Convention in 1787, the framers of the Constitution continued to privilege the maintenance of unity of the new United States over the eradication of slavery by resolving to again diffuse sectional tensions over the matter. As they went about creating a new scheme of government, the delegates from the small and large states were divided on the issue of the apportionment of legislative representation. The Virginia, or large state, plan provided for a bicameral legislature with representation of each state based on its population or wealth the New Jersey, or small state, plan proposed equal representation for each state in Congress. Neither the large nor the small states would yield, but the deadlock was resolved by the Connecticut, or Great, Compromise, which resulted in the establishment of a bicameral legislature with proportional representation in the lower house and equal representation of the states in the upper house.
The matter of how to determine population was anything but trivial. Having failed to secure the abolishment of slavery, some delegates from the Northern states sought to make representation dependent on the size of a state’s free population. Southern delegates, on the other hand, threatened to abandon the convention if enslaved individuals were not counted. Eventually, the framers agreed on a compromise that called for representation in the House of Representatives to be apportioned on the basis of a state’s free population plus three-fifths of its enslaved population. This agreement came to be known as the three-fifths compromise:
Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other Persons
It should be noted that neither the word slave nor the word slavery appears in this clause or anywhere in the unamended Constitution.
Granting slaveholding states the right to count three-fifths of their population of enslaved individuals when it came to apportioning representatives to Congress meant that those states would thus be perpetually overrepresented in national politics. However, this same ratio was to be used to determine the federal tax contribution required of each state, thus increasing the direct federal tax burden of slaveholding states. Provision was also added to the Constitution for a law permitting the recapture of fugitive slaves, along with a moratorium until 1808 on any congressional ban against the importation of slaves, though in the meantime individual states remained free to prohibit slave imports if they so wished.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica This article was most recently revised and updated by Adam Augustyn, Managing Editor, Reference Content.
History Of Memorial Day
Memorial Day, originally called Decoration Day, is a day of remembrance for those who have died in service of the United States of America. It's difficult to prove the origins of this day as over two dozen towns and cities lay claim to be the birthplace. In May 1966, President Lyndon Johnson stepped in and officially declared Waterloo N.Y. the birthplace of Memorial Day.
Regardless of the location of origins or the exact date, one thing is crystal clear – Memorial Day was borne out of the Civil War (which ended in 1865) and a desire to honor our dead. On the 5th of May in 1868, General John Logan who was the national commander of the Grand Army of the republic, officially proclaimed it in his General Order No. 11.
Part of the history of Memorial Day will show that in the Order, the General proclaimed, “The 30th of May, 1868, is designated for the purpose of strewing with flowers, or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country during the late rebellion, and whose bodies now lie in almost every city, village and hamlet churchyard in the land.” Because the day wasn't the anniversary of any particular battle, the General called it, The date of Decoration Day.
On the first Decoration Day, 5,000 participants decorated the graves of 20,000 Union and Confederate soldiers buried at Arlington Cemetery while General James Garfield made a historic speech.
New York was the first state to officially recognize the holiday in 1873. It was recognized by all northern states by 1890. Differently, the South refused to acknowledge the day and honored their dead on separate days. This went on until after World War I when the holiday changed from honoring just those who died fighting in the Civil War to honoring Americans who died fighting in any war.
With the Congressional passage of the National Holiday Act of 1971 (P.L. 90 – 363), it is now observed on the last Monday in May by almost every state.
This helped ensure a three day weekend (Memorial Day Weekend) for Federal holidays. In addition, several southern states have an additional separate day for honoring the Confederate war dead: January 19th in Texas April 26th in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and Mississippi May 10th in South Carolina and June 3rd (Jefferson Davis’ birthday) in Louisiana and Tennessee .
History of Memorial Day: Red Poppies
In 1915, inspired by the poem “In Flanders Fields,” Moina Michael replied with her own poem:
She then conceived of an idea to wear red poppies on Memorial day in honor of those who died serving the nation during war. She was the first to wear one, and sold poppies to her friends and co-workers with the money going to benefit servicemen in need. See more on the significance of the Red Poppy.
Later a Madam Guerin from France was visiting the United States and learned of this new custom started by Ms. Michael. When she returned to France she made artificial red poppies to raise money for war orphaned children and widowed women. This tradition spread to other countries. In 1921, the Franco-American Children’s League sold poppies nationally to benefit war orphans of France and Belgium. The League disbanded a year later and Madam Guerin approached the VFW for help.
Shortly before Memorial Day in 1922 the VFW became the first veterans’ organization to nationally sell poppies. Two years later their “Buddy” Poppy program was selling artificial poppies made by disabled veterans. In 1948 the US Post Office honored Ms. Michael for her role in founding the National Poppy movement by issuing a red 3 cent postage stamp with her likeness on it.
Born in May
Born: May 1st, 1967 Start, Louisiana
Born: May 2nd, 1972, Hayward, California
Born: May 3rd, 1903, Tacoma, Washington
Born: May 4th, 1929, Brussels, Belgium
Born: May 5th 1988 London, United Kingdom
Born: May 6th, 1915, Kenosha, Wisconsin
1945 VE Day / Victory In Europe Declared
1970 Just shortly after the Break Up of the Beatles is announced The Beatles Final original album "Let It Be" is released by Apple Records.
1973 Battle Of Wounded Knee Ends
1988 Murder Via Cyanide in Excedrin Capsules
2000 The Tate Modern art gallery in a conversion of the former power station on Bankside in London opens its doors to the world's media
1960 The Food and Drug Administration approved the first pill for contraceptive use in Birth Control
1974 Nixon impeachment hearings begin against President Richard M. Nixon
1974 Bruce Springsteen nicknamed "The Boss," with his E Street Band performed a concert in Cambridge, Mass., which made the well known rock critic Jon Landau write, "I saw rock and roll future and it's name is Bruce Springsteen."
1924 J. Edgar Hoover is appointed by President Calvin Coolidge to be the Sixth director of the Bureau of Investigation (BOI) name changed in 1936 to the FBI
1926 General strike in England
1940 Battle Of France Begins
1965 Warren Buffet Gains Controlling Interest In Berkshire-Hathaway
1994 South Africa's newly elected parliament chose an Unopposed Nelson Mandela to be the country's first black president.
1998 Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams and other members of Sinn Fein, the political wing of the republican IRA, vote to accept the Good Friday peace agreement.
1934 A huge dust storm is spotted moving from the Midwest. The dust storm was 1,500 miles long, 900 miles across and two miles high
1953 F5 tornado struck Waco, Texas where 48 were known dead and more than 250 injured.
1997 IBM's The Deep Blue defeated Garry Kasparov to win a six-game chess match between man and computer in New York.
1932 The Baby son kidnapped from Charles Lindbergh was found dead just miles away from the Lindbergh home
1937 King George VI was crowned at Westminster Abbey.
2008 An Earthquake measuring 7.8 strikes near Chengdu, Sichuan's provincial capital in south western China leaving more than 60 thousand dead
1938 "When the Saints Go Marching In" was recorded by Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra.
1940 Churchill makes First Speach As Prime Minister
1985 Philadelphia Police Department drop a bomb containing C-4 and Tovex from a helicopter onto MOVE's residence part of a row of tenements on Osage Avenue
1940 The British Secretary of State for War Anthony Eden announced the creation of the Local Defence Volunteers ( LDV ) name changed in July of to "The Home Guard".
1942 Congress creates the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps ( WACS )
1948 The independent state of Israel is proclaimed as British rule in Palestine came to an end.
1957 Petrol rationing, which has been in force in Britain and France for five months following the Suez crisis ends.
1991 Winnie Mandela, the wife of Nelson Mandela, is given a six-year prison sentence for her part in the kidnap of four youths suspected of being police informers, one of the kidnapped boys later died of his injuries.
1940 Nylon stockings from DuPont ( Nylon invented in 1935 by Wallace Carothers ) went on general sale for the first time in the United States.
1941 The Gloster-Whittle E 28/39 Jet aircraft flies successfully over Cranwell, England, ( First Jet Aircraft Flight )
1942 Gas rationing goes into effect across 27 US states as part of the war effort.
1957 Britain tests first hydrogen bomb on the Christmas Island area in the Pacific Ocean,
1950s Prices including inflation prices for homes, wages etc,
Baby Boomers raise families following 20 years of unrest ( Great Depression and World War II ) the peak of the Baby Boomer Years
Includes Music, Fashion, Prices, News for each Year, Popular Culture, Technology and More.
1927 Following the floods in Louisiana rescue workers have so far found over 20 people dead with more coming as they continue to check homes flooded due to the flooding
1929 The First ever Academy Awards of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Awards were handed out at a banquet held at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel.
1943 Resistance in the Jewish ghetto in Warsaw has ended as SS Police and Wehrmacht units using tanks and other armoured vehicles take back control of the ghetto crushing resistance after 1 month of fighting.
1969 Rioting and protests against the war in Vietnam continue on campuses throughout California with local National Guardsman patrolling Berkeley campus of the University of California area with fixed bayonets to keep peace and order.
2005 Army Specialist Sabrina Harman was convicted at Fort Hood, Texas, for her role in the mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib.
1943 Lancaster bombers use the revolutionary bomb designed to bounce on the water to bypass dam defences ( immortalised in a 1954 war film Dambusters ) .
1954 The United States Supreme Court ruled unanimously in Brown v. Board of Education , ruling that racial segregation in public educational facilities is unconstitutional.
1973 The investigation of Watergate by the Senate begins televised hearings on the Watergate scandal.
1964 Large numbers of Mods and Rockers involved in violent clashes at a number of seaside resorts on the south coast of England
1980 Mount St. Helens located in the Cascade Range erupted and blasted 1,300 ft off it's top that sent hot mud, gas and ashes running down it's slopes
1921 The Emergency Quota Act was passed into law which limits the number of immigrants admitted into the US.
1962 Marilyn Monroe performed a rendition of "Happy Birthday" for President John F. Kennedy for his forty-fifth birthday during a fund-raiser at New York's Madison Square Garden.
1927 Charles Lindbergh who many called the "flying fool" sets off from Roosevelt Field in Long Island, NY, flying the "Spirit of St. Louis" on an epic flight from New York to Paris. He completed the 33-hour, 30-minute flight and landed at Le Bourget Airport, Paris on the evening of 21 May.
1961 An angry mob consisting of all white's attacked a busload of "Freedom Riders" ( Freedom Riders were testing the United States Supreme Court decision Boynton v. Virginia, that gave them a legal right to disregard local segregation ordinances regarding interstate transportation facilities. ) in Montgomery, Ala.
1973 The British Royal Navy Frigates the Cleopatra, the Plymouth and the Lincoln are sent to the disputed Icelandic 50-mile zone to protect British trawlers fishing inside the zone as the COD WAR between Britain and Iceland escalates.
1881 American Red Cross Founded
1927 Charles Lindbergh landed in Paris, completing the first nonstop trans-Atlantic flight
1932 Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to make a solo air crossing of the Atlantic Ocean, from Newfoundland to Ireland
1991 Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated
2010 Scientists in the United States successfully created artificial life by creating the first live cell to be controlled by synthetic DNA.
1927 An earthquake measuring 8.6 on Richter scale strikes Xining in the eastern part of Qinghai province It was one of the deadliest earthquakes on record with a total count of 200,000 deaths.
1965 Berkeley University Anti Vietnam Protests
1972 Ceylon changes it's name from Ceylon to Sri Lanka
1981 The Yorkshire ripper Peter Sutcliffe found guilty of killing 13 women
1989 Students occupied Tiananmen Square in Beijing
1929 New gold rush starts in Australia
1934 Bank robbers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow gunned down with over 100 rounds of ammunition by police in Black Lake, Louisiana.
1988 Median price for a home is now $87,700
1998 A referendum on the Good Friday peace agreement held in Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic ended with 3 to 1 support.
1883 The Brooklyn Bridge, linking Brooklyn and Manhattan over the East River opens to traffic.
1934 Month Long Drought in Midwest continues
1941 German Battleship Bismarck Sinks HMS Hood
1961 Two buses carrying 27 'Freedom Riders' 25 Negroes and two whites were arrested by city police officers in Jackson Mississippi and charged with disobeying an officer and breach of peace.
1976 Air France from Paris and British Airways from London simultaneously began Concorde service to Dulles Airport, Washington cutting the travel time from 7 hours to 3 1/2 hours.
1895 Playwright Oscar Wilde was found guilty of gross indecency in London and sentenced two years of hard labour.
1925 A high school science teacher, John T. Scopes was indicted for teaching the theory of evolution in his classes, as the Tennessee state law prohibits the teaching of evolution in public schools.
1935 Jesse Owens broke three world records at the Big Ten meet in Ann Arbor, Michigan including broad jump, the 220-yard dash and the low hurdles.
1961 President Kennedy has asked Congress for $531 million to help the US put a man on the moon before the end of the decade . On July 21st 1969 , Neil Armstrong became the first man to set foot on the Moon.
1968 The Gateway Arch in St. Louis standing 630 feet tall, and 630 feet wide at its base is dedicated
1977 First Of The Star Wars Movies Opens
1896 The Dow Jones Industrial Average was first published. The average price of the 12 initial stocks was 40.94
1940 The Dunkirk evacuation begins "Operation Dynamo" was launched for the evacuation of British, French and Belgian soldiers from the beaches of Dunkirk in northern France
1950 After 11 years petrol rationing finally ends in Great Britain
1969 Beatle John Lennon and his wife Yoko Ono stage a public 'bed in' for world peace - staying in bed for a week in a hotel in Montreal.
1923 First Le Mans 24 hour race
1937 Golden Gate Bridge connecting San Francisco and Marin County, California is opened to pedestrian traffic and more than 200,000 pedestrians walked across on opening day.
1941 The German battleship Bismarck is sunk in the Atlantic by the Royal Naval ships Dorsetshire, King George V and Rodney
1997 F5 tornado ( Winds Greater Than 260 MPH )and almost 800 feet wide strikes Jarrell, Texas, destroying the town and killing 27 people.
1977 Beverly Hills Supper Club fire
1987 A 19 year old West German, Mathias Rust, flying a light plane undetected from Helsinki to Moscow and lands safely in Red Square
1932 World War I veterans known as the " Bonus Army " begin arriving in Washington to demand cash bonuses they weren't scheduled to receive for another 13 years be paid early to allow them to survive
1942 Bing Crosby records the world's top selling record White Christmas
1953 Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay of Nepal become the first explorers to reach the top of Mount Everest
1985 Heysel Stadium Disaster in Belgium
1911 The first ever running of the Indianapolis 500
1922 The Lincoln Memorial built to honor Abraham Lincoln the 16th president of the United States, is dedicated by Former President William Howard Taft in Washington, D.C.
1937 The Memorial Day Massacre takes place when Ten union demonstrators are killed and 84 are wounded when police opened fire in front of the South Chicago Republic Steel plant.
1959 The first full size hovercraft , the SR-N1, designed by Sir Christopher Cockerell, is launched and tested at Cowes on the Isle of Wight.
1859 Big Ben rings out over the Houses of Parliament in Westminster, London, England for the first time.
1889 Dam Break Johnstown, Pennsylvania kills thousands
1916 The Battle of Jutland during World War I
1935 Earthquake hits Northwestern India leaving an estimated 20,000 people dead in Quetta.
1970 An earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale 30 km off the coast of Casma, Peru in the Pacific Ocean causes the destabilized the northern wall of Mount Huascarán causing an avalanche that buries the towns of Yungay and Ranrahirca. Due to the speed the avalanche travelled at more than 100 miles per hour little warning was given and an estimated 50,000 people in the two cities lost their lives making it the worst natural disaster ever recorded in the history of Peru.
WHEN IS MEMORIAL DAY?
In 1971, Congress passed the Uniform Monday Holiday Act and established that Memorial Day was to be commemorated on the last Monday of May. Several southern states, however, officially commemorate an additional, separate day for honoring the Confederate war dead, sometimes referred to as a Confederate Memorial Day: January 19 in Texas third Monday in Jan. in Arkansas fourth Monday in Apr. in Alabama and Mississippi April 26 in Florida and Georgia May 10 in North and South Carolina last Monday in May in Virginia and June 3 in Louisiana and Tennessee.
Memorial Day is commemorated at Arlington National Cemetery each year with a ceremony in which a small American flag is placed on each grave. Traditionally, the President or Vice President lays a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. About 5,000 people attend the ceremony annually.
How Long Did It Take to Write the U.S. Constitution?
The United States Constitution was drafted in 116 days. The Constitutional Convention was a group of delegates from each state that gathered to write the Constitution. It convened on May 25, 1787 and adjourned on September 17, 1787.
While there were numerous discussions, drafts and rewrites of the Constitution, the final document was completed at the Constitutional Convention which lasted slightly more than 100 days. Delegates from all 13 colonies were chosen to attend, and George Washington was unanimously voted by those delegates to preside over the convention.
No one person wrote the Constitution rather, it was a combination of efforts by all of the delegates in attendance. On July 24, 1787, a Committee of Detail was appointed by the delegates and, on August 6, 1787, this committee submitted a draft of the Constitution to the delegates at the convention for review and debate. On September 8, a new committee, the Committee of Style, was appointed by the convention to revise the draft. Finally, on September 12, 1787, this committee submitted the final draft of the Constitution to the delegates at the convention for approval.
A clerk by the name of Jacob Shallus was the penman who engrossed, or copied, the Constitution into its final form, the one most Americans are familiar with today. At the time, he was simply an assistant clerk of the Pennsylvania State Assembly. It is unlikely that he was ever aware of the importance of his job as he died in 1796 well before the Constitution became as important as it is today.