1989 : Fall of the Berlin wall. After 28 years of separation between east and west, the Wall of Shame collapsed, dragging the Soviet system in its wake.
1970: Death of Charles de Gaulle, who died in Colombey, a year and a half after his resignation.
1938 : Crista nightl in Germany. The Nazis violently attack the population of the Jewish faith.
1918: The emperor William II abdicates and leaves Germany.
1799 : Coup d'Etat of 18 Brumaire. Under the pressure of arms, Bonaparte put an end to the directory regime and imposed the consulate.