Palestinian terrorists hijack an Italian cruise ship

Palestinian terrorists hijack an Italian cruise ship


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Four Palestinian terrorists board the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro shortly after it left Alexandria, Egypt, in order to hijack the luxury liner. The well-armed men, who belonged to the Popular Front for the Palestine Liberation Front (PLF), the terrorist wing of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) led by Abu Abbas, easily took control of the vessel since there was no security force on board.

Abbas had been responsible for attacks on Israel and its citizens in the early 1980s. On multiple occasions, he sent men on hang gliders and in hot air balloons on bombing missions to Israel, all of which turned out to be miserable failures. In an attempt to salvage his reputation, Abbas ordered the hijacking of the Achille Lauro. Yet there were no specific goals or demands set forth in the mission.

At first, the terrorists demanded that Israel release imprisonedPLF members and sought entry to a Syrian port. But when Syria denied the request, the terrorists lost control of the situation. Gathering the American tourists on board, the terrorists randomly chose to kill 69-year-old Leon Klinghoffer. The wheelchair-bound American was shot in the head and thrown overboard.

Klinghoffer’s cold-blooded murder backfired on the terrorists. The world’s outrage forced PLO chief Yasser Arafat to cut PLO ties with the terrorists and to demand that Abbas end the situation. On October 9, Abbas contacted the terrorists, ordered them not to kill any more passengers, and arranged for the ship to land in Egypt.

Meanwhile, the elite U.S. Navy SEALs were dispatched to raid the Achille Lauro. But by the time they arrived, the terrorists had already gotten off the ship in Egypt and boarded a plane to Libya. The United States then sent out two F-14 fighter jets, which intercepted the plane and forced it to land in Italy. A three-way standoff between the PFLP terrorists, the Americans, and the Italian Army on the runway in Sicily ended with the Italians taking Abbas and the other terrorists into custody.

Despite intense American pressure, the Italians allowed Abbas to leave the country, and then prosecute the four who were on board. All were convicted, but only one received a sentence of 30 years; the others got off with lighter prison terms. Italy tried and convicted Abbasin absentia, but did not seek extradition until 2003. He was captured by U.S. Special Forces in Baghdad that year and died in American custody in 2004.


Terrorism: Hijacking of the Achille Lauro

On October 7, 1985, four members of one of the PLO's factions, the Palestine Liberation Front (PLF), hijacked the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro and demanded the release of Palestinian prisoners held in Israel. Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak persuaded the hijackers to surrender, but not before they shot to death a wheelchair-bound Jewish passenger from the United States named Leon Klinghoffer, dumping his body overboard.

Mubarak allowed the PLF leader and hijacking mastermind, Mohammed Zaidan, and the other terrorists to fly to their headquarters in Tunisia. President Ronald Reagan sent U.S. warplanes to intercept the flight, however, and forced it to land at a U.S.-Italian air base in Sicily. The United States and Italy fought over jurisdiction in the case, but the Italians refused to extradite any of the men.

Inexplicably, Zaidan was allowed to go to Yugoslavia. An Italian court convicted 11 of 15 others associated with the hijacking, while Zaidan and another terrorist were tried in absentia, found guilty and were sentenced to life in prison. Bassam al-Asker, one of the hijackers, was granted parole in 1991 and Ahmad Marrouf al-Assadi, another accomplice, disappeared in 1991 while on parole.

Zaidan was never arrested. In 1990, he struck again from the sea, with an abortive speedboat attack on bathers on a beach near Tel Aviv.

Though he was sentenced to five life terms in Italy, and was wanted in the United States, Zaidan remained a free man. He spent most of the years after the hijacking in Tunisia before moving to the Gaza Strip in April 1996, after the Palestinian Authority took control of the area as part of the peace agreement with Israel.

While in Gaza, Zaidan said he was sorry for the hijacking, but the daughters of Leon Klinghoffer said that he had been convicted of murder and should serve his sentence. As a result of the 1995 Israeli-Palestinian interim peace agreement, however, Zaidan and other PLO members were granted immunity for violent acts committed before the signing of the September 1993 Oslo agreement.

Zaidan eventually made his way to Iraq where he was believed to be a conduit for Saddam Hussein's payments to the families of Palestinian suicide bombers. He was captured by U.S. forces in a raid in Iraq on April 15, 2003.

Zaidan died on March 9, 2004, at the age of 56 while in U.S. custody in Iraq. Klinghoffer's daughters said, “Now, with his death, justice will be denied. The one consolation for us is that Abul Abbas died in captivity, not as a free man.”

Sources: Mitchell G. Bard. The Complete Idiot's Guide to Middle East Conflict. 3rd Edition. NY: Alpha Books, 2005 Associated Press, (March 10, 2004). Ship photo copyright Ata Bilgili, Reprinted with permission from Dartmouth CNN (April 23, 1996)

Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library


Vanderbilt Television News Archive

Material supplied by VTNA may be used for educational analysis or research only. Any editing, reproduction, publication, rebroadcast, public showing or public display may be prohibited by copyright laws. For any such use, please visit NBC NEWS Archives XPRESS.

(Studio) End to PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) hijacking of Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro and terrorists' murder of wheelchair-bound passenger Leon Klinghoffer reported details given. Terrorists, given safe passage by Egypt, said en route to PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) headquarters in Tunisia.
REPORTER: Tom Brokaw

(Cairo, Egypt) Events leading to discovery of Klinghoffer's murder examined scenes shown. [Earlier, voice of Captain Gerardo DeROSA - claims all are in good health remarks transcribed on screen.] Italian Prime Min. Bettino Craxi's latter announcement of Klinghoffer's murder noted role of PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) in negotiating crisis' end considered.
REPORTER: Paul Miller

(Studio) Timing of Craxi's announcement explained.
REPORTER: Tom Brokaw

(New York City) Reaction of Klinghoffer's family examined. [Earlier, family MBRS. - are relieved with hijacking's end.] Klinghoffer's poor health, incl. partial paralysis, and his and wife's decision to join group of friends for Achille Lauro cruise reviewed. [Carol HODES - praises Klinghoffer.] [PEOPLE - react to news.]
REPORTER: Jennifer McLogan

(Studio) Reactions of other hostage families featured. [Sophie Chasser's daughter Phyllis YELLIN, Anna Saire's sister Jan ANDERSON, Tom SWINT - call for hardline policy on terrorism note dilemma of relatives.]
REPORTER: Tom Brokaw

(DC) Reagan administration's public response to hijacking examined scenes shown. [State Department spokesperson Charles REDMAN - notes Egypt claims passengers are safe.] Italian government mentioned rpting. Klinghoffer's disappearance. [REDMAN - notes Egypt's safe passage for terrorists was without United States approval wants terrorists brought to justice.] [Israeli for. minister Yitzhak SHAMIR - condemns such terrorism.] [Georgetown Center for Strategic Studies spokesperson Edward LUTTWAK - considers United States the target of terrorists' choice explains

] United States ambassador to Egypt said en route to ship.
REPORTER: Chris Wallace

(Studio) Admin.'s probable response to terrorists' freedom considered.

(5) Israel said receive information several months ago of terrorist plans to hijack a ship, passing information along to friendly countries, include Italy "Los Angeles Times" quote of Israeli military source outlined.
REPORTER: Tom Brokaw, Chris Wallace

Note to sponsor members: The Vanderbilt Television News Archive video player requires a modern operating system and browser to work properly. If you are experiencing playback problems, check the minimum requirements and adjust your setup accordingly. After adjustments, if you continue to experience problems, please contact us.

Welcome! Above is the abstract of the item that you're interested in viewing from the Vanderbilt Television News Archive's collection. You have three options if you'd like to view this item:

  • You may request a loan of this video by registering on our website and placing an order.
  • You may visit the Television News Archive on the Vanderbilt campus to view on-site from the Archive's collection.
  • If you are associated with a college or university, you may ask your library if they would like to become a sponsor, which would give students and faculty at your institution the ability to view items from our collection.

If you believe that you are associated with a sponsoring college or university and have received this message in error, please let us know.

Vanderbilt Television News Archive | 110 Twenty-first Avenue South, Suite 704 Nashville, TN 37203, USA. Phone 615-322-2927


A Murder That Shocked the World, at Sea and on Stage

T he four men were not Norwegian, as they had told a cruise ship hostess, and they weren&rsquot there to play shuffleboard. On this day, Oct. 7, 30 years ago, members of the Palestine Liberation Front hijacked an Italian liner, the Achille Lauro, during a Mediterranean cruise and took more than 400 passengers and crewmembers hostage.

Many of the passengers were American&mdashand they received the roughest treatment during the two-day ordeal. According to TIME&rsquos 1985 account, the hijackers, armed with hand grenades and Soviet submachine guns, separated American and British passengers from those of other nationalities. They placed gas cans nearby and said they&rsquod kill these hostages first if their political demands, including the release of 50 Palestinian prisoners being held in Israel, weren&rsquot met.

Then they followed through with their threat, killing the American who was perhaps least able to defend himself: Leon Klinghoffer, a 69-year-old Jewish New Yorker who had been confined to a wheelchair since he was disabled by a stroke. The terrorists shot him in the head and threw his body, and his wheelchair, into the sea.

Klinghoffer&rsquos murder provoked so much outrage in the U.S. that President Reagan ordered Navy fighter pilots to undertake a daring mission to bring the hijackers to justice.

Six years later, however, the public shifted its outrage to a new target: the artistic team behind a 1991 opera, The Death of Klinghoffer. Although TIME&rsquos reviewer found it relatively tame&mdasha &ldquosweet, sorrowful&rdquo production that &ldquotakes no prisoners, and takes no sides either,&rdquo others, including Klinghoffer&rsquos surviving relatives, felt differently.

When the opera was reprised last year at the Met, crowds of protesters (including former Mayor Rudy Giuliani) picketed outside, accusing the production of glorifying terrorism and promoting an anti-Semitic agenda.

In a statement published in the opera playbill, Klinghoffer&rsquos daughters, Lisa and Ilsa Klinghoffer, voiced their own discontent with the opera’s portrayal of the villains. They wrote:

Tonight, as you watch The Death of Klinghoffer, a baritone will play the role of Leon Klinghoffer, and sing &ldquoThe Aria of the Falling Body&rdquo as he artfully falls into the sea. Competing choruses will highlight Jewish and Palestinian narratives of suffering and oppression, selectively presenting the complexities of the Arab-Israeli conflict. The terrorists, portrayed by four distinguished opera singers, will be given a back story, an “explanation” for their brutal act of terror and violence.

But, they argued, &ldquo[t]errorism cannot be rationalized. It cannot be understood.&rdquo

Opera-goers, meanwhile, gave the production mixed reviews. According to one viewer, interviewed by The Guardian, &ldquothe production achieved a transformative level of transcendence.&rdquo In the words of another, it had &ldquothe deft touch of a sledgehammer.&rdquo

Read more from 1985, here in the TIME archives: Terrorism: The Voyage of the Achille Lauro


Hijacking

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.

Hijacking, also spelled highjacking, the illegal seizure of a land vehicle, aircraft, or other conveyance while it is in transit.

Although since the late 20th century hijacking most frequently involved the seizure of an airplane and its forcible diversion to destinations chosen by the air pirates, when the term was coined in the 1920s in the United States hijacking generally referred to in-transit thefts of truckloads of illegally manufactured liquor or to the similar seizure of rumrunners at sea. By the mid 1950s, use of the term had been broadened to encompass the hijacking of trucks carrying legitimate cargo, as well as the hijacking of legal ships.

Airplane hijacking is also known as skyjacking. The first reported case of such hijacking occurred in Peru in 1931. The first aerial hijacking in Asia occurred in 1948 on a flight bound from Macau to Hong Kong all 25 people aboard were killed when the airplane crashed into the Pacific Ocean. During the next decade about 15 airplanes were hijacked, and in 1958–67 the number of such incidents increased dramatically to about 50.

The first aerial hijacking within the United States occurred on May 1, 1961, when a commercial airliner en route from Miami to Key West, Florida, was forced to detour to Cuba. By the end of 1961, four airplanes had been hijacked to Cuba, and many of the airplanes subsequently hijacked in the United States and elsewhere in the Western Hemisphere were flown to Cuba by either homesick Cubans or politically motivated leftists. Some of these hijackings were financially motivated, with the hijackers calling for huge ransom payments in exchange for ensuring the safety of the passengers and crew, though few were successful.

A more dangerous and destructive spate of hijackings occurred in Europe and the Middle East from 1968 onward. Between 1968 and 1970 alone there were nearly 200 hijackings. The participants often were politically motivated Palestinians or other Arabs who commandeered airplanes while in flight and threatened harm to the passengers and crew unless certain of their comrades were released from jail in Israel or some other location. Some of these hijackers also held the passengers and crew captive and demanded large ransom payments from the hostages’ governments. The climax of this new form of terrorism occurred in September 1970, when an 11-day sequence of hijackings resulted in 300 passengers being held hostage for a week and the destruction of four jet aircraft (on the ground) worth a total of $50 million. Middle Eastern and leftist hijackers abducted, confined, and even occasionally murdered individuals traveling on airplanes that were diverted from scheduled routes.

Beginning as early as 1963, the United Nations urged member states to sign an international convention against hijackers. Seven years later 50 countries signed a convention for the suppression of unlawful seizure of aircraft, specifically designating that the unlawful seizure of an aircraft in flight through force, the threat of force, or intimidation was an extraditable offense in any extradition treaty between the signatories. A further international agreement to apprehend, extradite, and punish hijackers was difficult to obtain, however, because several governments, particularly those in the Middle East, were overtly or secretly involved in hijackings or regarded hijacking as a “political offense” and granted hijackers immunity from prosecution and extradition.

In 1973 the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration instituted systematic searches of airline passengers and hand luggage. A magnetometer, an electronic device that could detect metal objects, was used to check passengers for weapons. Carry-on baggage and other belongings of passengers were searched by hand or by low-pulse X-ray machines. Local armed guards were stationed at search points and other airport locations such as departure gates. Many other countries, mostly in Europe, adopted similar measures in their airports. Critical in deterring hijackers was the likelihood that countries targeted by terrorist groups would strike back, perhaps by launching commando raids to rescue hostages or by mounting direct assaults on the headquarters of the groups themselves. For example, in 1976, in an operation that became known as the Entebbe raid, Israel rescued 103 mostly Israeli hostages aboard a French aircraft that had been hijacked to Entebbe, Uganda.

In 1978, at a Group of Seven summit meeting in Bonn, West Germany, the United States, Italy, Canada, Japan, Great Britain, France, and West Germany pledged to institute sanctions against countries that gave sanctuary to hijackers. In that same year the European Community (EC) agreed to boycott the airline of any country that either harboured hijackers or refused to release hijacked aircraft. The threat of being denied landing rights in EC countries’ airports proved effective, and several Middle Eastern countries that had previously provided sanctuary for hijackers and hijacked aircraft ceased to do so.

Hijackings have continued to occur sporadically since the late 1970s, though at a reduced frequency. One such notorious incident was the 17-day hijacking of a flight to Beirut airport by Hezbollah, a militant group associated with Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, in 1985. Nonaerial hijackings have included the commandeering of an Italian cruise ship by Palestinian terrorists in 1985 and the seizing of trains by South Moluccans in the Netherlands in 1975 and 1977.

The decline in hijackings was the result of a variety of factors, including heightened security and greater international cooperation. Some groups, such as the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)—which had applauded earlier hijackings—found that hijacking had outlived its usefulness. In addition, in the 1980s some militant groups turned to the far more devastating tactic of destroying airplanes in flight, usually by bombs. One infamous incident was the downing of an American airliner by Libyan intelligence agents over Lockerbie, Scotland, in 1988 the midair explosion killed 259 passengers and 11 people on the ground.


October 10, 1985 -- Achille Lauro Hijacking Ends

The hijacking of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro reaches a dramatic climax when U.S. Navy F-14 fighters intercept an Egyptian airliner attempting to fly the Palestinian hijackers to freedom and force the jet to land at a NATO base in Sigonella, Sicily. American and Italian troops surrounded the plane, and the terrorists were taken into Italian custody.

On October 7, four heavily armed Palestinian terrorists hijacked the Achille Lauroin the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Alexandria, Egypt. Some 320 crewmembers and 80 passengers,were taken hostage. Hundreds of other passengers had disembarked the cruise ship earlier that day to visit Cairo and tour the Egyptian pyramids. Identifying themselves as members of the Palestine Liberation Front–a Palestinian splinter group–the gunmen demanded the release of 50 Palestinian militants imprisoned in Israel. If their demands were not met, they threatened to blow up the ship and kill the 11 Americans on board. The next morning, they also threatened to kill the British passengers.

The Achille Lauro traveled to the Syrian port of Tartus, where the terrorists demanded negotiations on October 8. Syria refused to permit the ship to anchor in its waters, which prompted more threats from the hijackers. That afternoon, they shot and killed Leon Klinghoffer, a 69-year-old Jewish-American who was confined to a wheelchair as the result of a stroke. His body was then pushed overboard in the wheelchair.

Yasir Arafat’s Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) condemned the hijacking, and PLO officials joined with Egyptian authorities in attempting to resolve the crisis. On the recommendation of the negotiators, the cruise ship traveled to Port Said. On October 9, the hijackers surrendered to Egyptian authorities and freed the hostages in exchange for a pledge of safe passage to an undisclosed destination.

The next day–October 10–the four hijackers boarded an EgyptAir Boeing 737 airliner, along with Mohammed Abbas, a member of the Palestine Liberation Front who had participated in the negotiations a PLO official and several Egyptians. The 737 took off from Cairo at 4:15 p.m. EST and headed for Tunisia. President Ronald Reagan gave his final order approving the plan to intercept the aircraft, and at 5:30 p.m. EST, F-14 Tomcat fighters located the airliner 80 miles south of Crete. Without announcing themselves, the F-14s trailed the airliner as it sought and was denied permission to land at Tunis. After a request to land at the Athens airport was likewise refused, the F-14s turned on their lights and flew wing-to-wing with the airliner. The aircraft was ordered to land at a NATO air base in Sicily, and the pilot complied, touching down at 6:45 p.m. The hijackers were arrested soon after. Abbas and the other Palestinian were released, prompting criticism from the United States, which wanted to investigate their possible involvement in the hijacking.

On July 10, 1986, an Italian court later convicted three of the terrorists and sentenced them to prison terms ranging from 15 to 30 years. Three others, including Mohammed Abbas, were convicted in absentia for masterminding the hijacking and sentenced to life in prison. They received harsher penalties because, unlike the hijackers, who the court found were acting for “patriotic motives,” Abbas and the others conceived the hijacking as a “selfish political act” designed “to weaken the leadership of Yasir Arafat.” The fourth hijacker was a minor who was tried and convicted separately.


Palestinian terrorists hijack an Italian cruise ship - HISTORY


HOME VISIT SUPPORT JOIN EXPLORE EVENTS ABOUT THE MUSEUM PRESS & MEDIA SHOP
U.S. Navy SEALs and the Achille Lauro Mission
HomeAbout the Navy SEALsSEAL History: The Story of Naval Special WarfareU.S. Navy SEALs and the Achille Lauro Mission
Achille_Lauro_Hijacking_SEAL_role_in_rescueThe MS Achille Lauro was a cruise ship based in Naples, Italy. On October 7, 1985 four heavily armed Palestinian terrorists hijacked the ship in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Alexandria, Egypt. Some 320 crewmembers and 80 passengers were taken hostage. Identifying themselves as members of the Palestine Liberation Front–a Palestinian splinter group–the gunmen demanded release of 50 Palestinian militants imprisoned in Israel. If their demands were not met, they threatened to blow up the ship and kill the 11 Americans on board. The next morning, they also threatened to kill the British passengers. At this juncture, highly trained U.S. Navy SEAL assault forces were launched from the U.S. to capture or kill the terrorists before they could harm any of the Achille Lauro passengers or crew.

The Achille Lauro traveled to the Syrian port of Tartus, where the terrorists demanded negotiations on October 8. Syria refused to permit the ship to anchor in its waters, which prompted more threats from the hijackers. That afternoon, they shot and killed Leon Klinghoffer, a 69-year-old Jewish-American, who was confined to a wheelchair as the result of a stroke. His body was then pushed overboard in the wheelchair. The ship then headed back towards Port Said, where, after two days of negotiations, the hijackers agreed to abandon the ship and surrendered to the Egyptians in exchange for safe passage Tunisia.

On 10 October, the four hijackers boarded an EgyptAir Boeing 737 airliner, which took off from Cairo and headed for Tunisia. U.S. Navy carrier based fighter jets located the airliner 80 miles south of Crete and, without announcing themselves, trailed the airliner in darkness as it sought and was denied permission to land at Tunis. After a request to land at the Athens airport was likewise refused, the fighters turned on their running lights, flew wing-to-wing with the airliner, and ordered it to land at the Naval Air Station and NATO base in Sigonella, Sicily.

Unbeknown to the terrorist the U.S. Navy SEAL assault force was also trailing behind them and the F-14s in two U.S. Air Force C-141 transport aircraft. When all aircraft landed somewhat simultaneously at Sigonella, the SEAL assault force immediately surrounded the escape plane with all intentions of capturing the terrorists and taking them into custody.

Simultaneously, however, Italian Prime Minister Bettino Craxi claimed Italian territorial rights over the NATO base, and deployed Italian Air Force personnel and Carabinieri (the national military police of Italy), who lined up surrounding the SEALs. A delicate international standoff ensued, but the situation was resolved before an assault became necessary. The U.S. eventually capitulated to the Italians and allowed the hijackers to be taken into Italian custody after receiving assurances that the hijackers would be tried for murder.

On July 10, 1986, an Italian court convicted three of the terrorists and sentenced them to prison terms ranging from 15 to 30 years. The fourth hijacker was a minor that was tried and convicted separately.


Italy wants mastermind of Achille Lauro hijacking

Abu Abbas, the Palestinian terrorist who masterminded the 1985 hijacking of the cruise ship Achille Lauro, was arrested by U.S. forces outside Baghdad. CNN's David Ensor reports (April 16)
Lisa and Ilsa Klinghoffer talk to CNN's Paula Zahn about the arrest of Abu Abbas, the mastermind behind the 1985 cruise ship hijacking in which their father was killed. (April 16)

ROME, Italy (CNN) -- Italy wants to extradite Abu Abbas, the mastermind of the 1985 hijacking of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro. Abbas was seized this week by U.S. Special Forces in Iraq.

Italian Justice Minister Roberto Castelli said Rome sought Abbas' extradition in recent months from Egypt and Jordan and now will request the same from U.S. authorities.

U.S. forces captured Abbas, whose first name is Muhammed, and several others in a compound of three buildings on Baghdad's outskirts Monday night, U.S. officials said.

Palestinian militants under Abbas' command stormed the Achille Lauro in October 1985. During the hijacking, Leon Klinghoffer -- a 69-year-old wheelchair-bound American Jew vacationing with his wife of 36 years -- was shot and dumped into the Mediterranean Sea.

In 1990, Abbas launched an abortive speedboat attack on sunbathers on a beach near Tel Aviv, Israel.

Abbas has been sentenced to five life terms in absentia in Italy on 1986, and was also wanted by the United States.

A Palestinian source told CNN's Christiane Amanpour that Abbas tried to flee to Syria, but was turned away at the border and was captured about 50 miles west of Baghdad. In recent days, senior U.S. officials have pressured Syria not to harbor terrorists or members of deposed Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's regime trying to leave Iraq.

"We've said for a long time that Iraq [has] harbored terrorists, . and in some cases have facilitated operations of terrorism," Brig. Gen. Vincent Brooks said at Wednesday's U.S. Central Command briefing in Doha, Qatar. "I think the arrest of Mr. Abbas makes it very clear that that was true."

A senior Bush administration official said the capture sends a strong message to terrorists: "You can run, but you cannot hide."

Erakat: Apprehension illegal

Abbas is general director of the Palestinian Liberation Front, one of multiple offshoots of the Palestine Liberation Organization. The U.S. State Department has designated the PLF a terrorist organization.

Palestinian Cabinet member Saeb Erakat said Wednesday that the United States violated the Oslo peace accords when it apprehended Abbas.

Erakat pointed to the Oslo accords, signed by Israel and the PLO and witnessed by the United States, Russia, Jordan, Egypt, Norway and the European Union, of which Italy is a member.

That agreement specified that no member of the Palestine Liberation Organization will be arrested or brought to court for any action that happened before September 13, 1993, the day the first Oslo accord was signed, Erakat said.

U.S. authorities filed a criminal complaint against Abbas over Klinghoffer's death in 1986, but a federal grand jury never indicted him. U.S. officials said they were scrambling to find out why the complaint was dropped and "actively discussing" what, if any, legal action to take next.

"Right now everybody is talking to everybody -- several agencies, including the Defense Department," a senior U.S. Justice Department official said.

In Iraq since 1994

In 1996, Abbas apologized for the Achille Lauro hijacking, in which hundreds were taken hostage and Klinghoffer was killed -- saying that he wanted to pursue peace with Israel.

Two years later, he told The Boston Globe that Klinghoffer "created troubles. He was handicapped, but he was inciting and provoking the other passengers. So, the decision was made to kill him."

The Achille Lauro hijacking came to an end after two days when four armed terrorists and Abbas, who helped with negotiations, surrendered to Egyptian authorities in exchange for a promise of safe passage.

As an Egyptian airliner was flying them to safe haven in Tunisia, U.S. Navy fighter jets forced the plane to land at a NATO air base in Italy, where they were detained. Italian Premier Bettino Craxi ordered the captives to be released, although Italy later charged Abbas and his co-conspirators.

Klinghoffer's daughters said in a statement Tuesday they are "delighted that the murderous terrorist Abu Abbas is in U.S. custody."

"While we personally seek justice for our father's murder, the larger issue is terrorism. Bringing Abbas to justice will send a strong signal to terrorists anywhere in the world that there is no place to run, no place to hide."

Since the cruise ship hijacking, Abbas has lived in Tunisia, Libya, Gaza and finally -- since 1994 -- in Iraq, where the PLF was based under the protection of Saddam Hussein. (Profile)

In an October 2002 speech in Cincinnati, Ohio, President Bush accused Iraq of harboring terrorists, including Abbas, while outlining his case against Saddam's regime. (Speech transcript)

One of several guerrilla leaders who belonged to a Palestinian parliament-in-exile, Abbas occasionally traveled to the Palestinian territories, although his movements there were restricted. In a 1996 interview, he told CNN the time for an armed struggle for a Palestinian state was over.


Terror on the high seas

When vacationers boarded the Achille Lauro in Genoa on Oct. 4, 1985, the promised ports of call included stops in Egypt, Israel, and Greece.

But four passengers had their own hellish itinerary.

“An Innocent Bystander: The Killing of Leon Klinghoffer” tells the awful story of Palestinian terrorists hijacking an Italian cruise ship. It details how one shot an elderly American invalid and threw him overboard.

It also explains how competing governments, complicated treaties and outright lies kept the four attackers from ever facing American justice.

Reporter Julie Salamon strives to be scrupulously fair. Her book focuses not only on the captives but also on the captors. Yet readers may find it difficult to share her evenhandedness, especially as they relive the terrible story.

With a lovely apartment in Greenwich Village and a vacation condo down the Jersey Shore, Marilyn and Leon Klinghoffer could have afforded better accommodations than this slightly run-down ocean liner.

Still, two strokes had left Leon, 69, partially paralyzed. Brochures showed a vessel that seemed wheelchair accessible

And so, with their 36th anniversary coming up, and Marilyn’s 58th birthday, they decided to celebrate at sea. A small group of friends agreed to join them. Spirits were high when everyone boarded in Genoa.

Four other passengers, though, remained oddly silent.

Two were Argentinian, one was Portuguese, and the fourth was Norwegian. At least, that’s what their passports said. Yet when crewmembers tried chatting with them in their native languages, the men remained silent.

The ship had just pulled into Alexandria when a cabin boy came into the men’s room to make up the beds. When he moved their luggage, the muzzle of an AK-47 popped out.

The boy left hurriedly. The men looked at each other. Their original plan had been to slip ashore in Israel and stage an attack. Now, they would have to improvise.

Meanwhile, most of the passengers had disembarked for a scheduled excursion to the pyramids the day-trippers would rejoin the ship at Port Said. About 75 guests stayed onboard.

The gunfire started soon after.

Captain Gerardo De Rosa had just stretched out on his bunk when it began. He made a quick search of the ship. When he walked into the dining room, terrified hostages and a nervous 17-year-old with an AK-47 confronted him.

“We don’t have a problem with Italians,” the boy assured him. But, he said, he and the men with him had a mission. They were not afraid to die. They would blow up the ship if they had to.

The teenager gave the captain a message to transmit to the world: The Palestinian Liberation Front had hijacked the Achille Lauro. They demanded Israel release 50 Palestinian prisoners.

In the meantime, they would be taking the ship to Syria.

The terrorists started collecting passports, noting passengers’ nationalities. When the hijackers weren’t looking, one American secretly threw away her B’nai Brith card. Another quickly tore off the chai he always wore around his neck.

The gunmen were edgy and erratic. Sometimes they would give the hostages cigarettes. Sometimes they would threaten to set fire to everything. “Arafat good!” one of them kept shouting. “Reagan bad!”

Their plans began to fall apart almost immediately.

Syria supported the Palestinian cause but loathed Yasser Arafat. Despite his claims this was not a PLO action, they remained convinced, correctly, he was somehow involved. They would not guarantee asylum.

‘We will start killing at 3 p.m.,” leader Youssef Majed al-Molqi threatened. The Syrians remained unmoved.

Molqi marched downstairs. He ordered one of the ship’s waiters to push Leon Klinghoffer, in his wheelchair, to the stern of the ship, where no one could see them. He told the waiter to leave.

Molqi shot the old man twice. Then he called over two crewmen and forced them to dump the corpse and wheelchair into the sea.

Later, Molqi handed Klinghoffer’s passport to the captain. “American, kaput!” he said. Then he showed him the passport of another American, a woman. She would be next.

The captain offered his own life in exchange. No, Molqi said. They needed him to set a new course, to Libya.

News of the hijacking traveled around the world. In Washington, the White House consulted with the U.S. Ambassador to Egypt. Meanwhile, Arafat told the PLF’s Abu al-Abbas, the operation’s mastermind, to go to Port Said and negotiate.

Calling into a radio station, Abbas told the hijackers to return to Egypt, where their safety would be assured. Once they neared Port Said, he went to meet them on a tugboat. Over the loudspeaker, he asked the captain if everyone was well.

Surrounded by armed men, De Rosa answered carefully. “All who are aboard are well,” he said.

And with that, the hijackers left. It was finally over.

Except that now, the captain had to see Marilyn Klinghoffer, and tell her what had happened to her husband.

Then he had to tell the U.S. ambassador.

Enraged, the diplomat called the Egyptian foreign minister. “Leon Klinghoffer was murdered,” he said. “And we insist that (you) prosecute those sons of bitches!”

Instead, Egypt put them on a plane for friendly Tunisia.

Back in Washington, President Ronald Reagan fumed. He met with advisers. Soon, somewhere in the Mediterranean, four F-14 Tomcats took off from the deck of the Saratoga.

They quickly, quietly, found the Egyptian passenger plane. Then they radioed the pilot that U.S. Navy fliers who would escort him to a NATO base in Italy surrounded him. If he didn’t comply, they would shoot him down.

It seemed like a decisive end to a horrible tragedy. Then the diplomats and lawyers got involved.

The Egyptians were furious. Did the ambassador really have to insult the Palestinians by saying, "sons of bitches?” Although Egypt didn’t fight for custody of the four hijackers, they demanded and received, the plane’s other passengers.

As it happened, that included Abbas.

The Italians were enraged as well. They refused to allow the hijackers to be extradited to America. Instead, they would be tried in Italian courts – where they would be treated, not as terrorists, but as enemy combatants.

The four received sentences of up to 30 years. All were paroled early. Bassam Al-Asker, the teenager who first confronted the captain, served only five.

The absent Abbas, who the Italian court had still sentenced to life, went free, returning to the Middle East. Years after Leon Klinghoffer’s body washed up on a beach, he laughed about it. “Maybe he was trying to swim for it!” he joked.

American forces captured him during the 2003 Iraq War, and he died in jail, of natural causes.


Italy Frees Achille Lauro Terrorist

Remember the name "Leon Klinghoffer?" He was a wheelchair bound American Jew on a cruise ship called the Achille Lauro when it was hijacked by Palestinian terrorists back in 1985. Klinghoffer never made it home. He was tossed over the side after being shot in the head.

The terrorists eventually negotiated an escape to Egypt via Greece after terrorizing passengers and robbing them of their jewelry and other valuables. After they believed themselves safely away, the 4 hijackers celebrated aboard the plane, laughing no doubt at the world's paralysis in the face of their murderous deed.

But that celebration was short lived. A youngish Marine Colonel attached to the National Security Council named Oliver North figured out how the United States might turn the tables on the terrorists and capture them. F-15's were scrambled after President Reagan gave the go ahead and they forced the plane down at a NATO base in Sicily where Special Forces were waiting to take them into custody.

Unfortunately, at that point, the Italian government entered the picture. They hustled the terrorists off at gunpoint, keeping our boys at bay. And to top it off, they allowed the plane along with the rest of the passengers to continue its journey to Egypt - including the probable mastermind. And then put the terrorists on trial.

Now the Italians have shown just how seriously they take the War on Terror by releasing another one of Klinghoffer's murderers.

Of the other hijackers, one died after being placed on parole. One disappeared after being paroled. Both served all of 6 years for their crimes

Another tried to escape following a 12 day "furlough" but was later recaptured and is still in prison.

And the mastermind? Abu Abbas was one of the most notorious of PLO terrorists during the 1980's but once he found refuge in Saddam's Iraq - you know, that place that had no ties to terrorism? - he changed his tune and called for peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians. Captured by Americans in 2003, he died in custody in 2004.

This was not an ordinary murder where the perp gets to walk after serving a few years. Hijacking was supposed to be one of those crimes where the criminal is suppose to serve their entire sentence. The Italians however, don't see it that way and have let loose upon the world another potential headache.

Until we learn that these brutes should be kept locked up for the rest of their lives, we are going to make little progress in the War against terrorism.

Remember the name "Leon Klinghoffer?" He was a wheelchair bound American Jew on a cruise ship called the Achille Lauro when it was hijacked by Palestinian terrorists back in 1985. Klinghoffer never made it home. He was tossed over the side after being shot in the head.

The terrorists eventually negotiated an escape to Egypt via Greece after terrorizing passengers and robbing them of their jewelry and other valuables. After they believed themselves safely away, the 4 hijackers celebrated aboard the plane, laughing no doubt at the world's paralysis in the face of their murderous deed.

But that celebration was short lived. A youngish Marine Colonel attached to the National Security Council named Oliver North figured out how the United States might turn the tables on the terrorists and capture them. F-15's were scrambled after President Reagan gave the go ahead and they forced the plane down at a NATO base in Sicily where Special Forces were waiting to take them into custody.

Unfortunately, at that point, the Italian government entered the picture. They hustled the terrorists off at gunpoint, keeping our boys at bay. And to top it off, they allowed the plane along with the rest of the passengers to continue its journey to Egypt - including the probable mastermind. And then put the terrorists on trial.

Now the Italians have shown just how seriously they take the War on Terror by releasing another one of Klinghoffer's murderers.

Of the other hijackers, one died after being placed on parole. One disappeared after being paroled. Both served all of 6 years for their crimes

Another tried to escape following a 12 day "furlough" but was later recaptured and is still in prison.

And the mastermind? Abu Abbas was one of the most notorious of PLO terrorists during the 1980's but once he found refuge in Saddam's Iraq - you know, that place that had no ties to terrorism? - he changed his tune and called for peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians. Captured by Americans in 2003, he died in custody in 2004.

This was not an ordinary murder where the perp gets to walk after serving a few years. Hijacking was supposed to be one of those crimes where the criminal is suppose to serve their entire sentence. The Italians however, don't see it that way and have let loose upon the world another potential headache.

Until we learn that these brutes should be kept locked up for the rest of their lives, we are going to make little progress in the War against terrorism.


The PLO Rewrites History

Dear Leader Barack Hussein Obama visited Israel last week. While there, he took a quick trip to Ramallah ("Height of God") to hold talks with Palestinian Authority (PA) President Mahmoud Abbas. During the press conference after the meeting, Obama said:

"Palestinians deserve an end to occupation and the indignities that come with it" [through an] "independent, viable and contiguous Palestinian state as the homeland of the Palestinian people alongside the Jewish state of Israel."

"Put simply, Palestinians deserve a state of their own."

During the same press conference, Abbas said:

". Palestinians want a two-state solution, 'Palestine and Israel, [but that] peace should not be made through violence, occupation, settlements, arrests, siege,' [and the denial of the rights of refugees]."

Abbas also said that a Palestinian unity deal would be a key to peace.

Irony of Ironies! The PA now talks "peace." While the PA is not technically the same as the Palestinian Liberation Authority (PLO), the two are tightly interwoven. The PLO is the main umbrella organization of the Palestinian national movement and a leading practitioner of terrorism. The PLO founded the PA under the terms of a series of 1990s peace pacts. So, now we have Obama supporting the PLO.

A little history is in order here. The PLO was created on June 2, 1964 in Cairo by the Arab League. In its charter is this statement (in Article 18): "The claims of historic and spiritual ties between Jews and Palestine are not in agreement with the facts of history or with the true basis of sound statehood." [emphasis mine]

Further, you will find in the PLO's Statement of Proclamation of the Organization ". the right of the Palestinian Arab people to its sacred homeland Palestine and affirming the inevitability of the battle to liberate the usurped part from it, and its determination to bring out its effective revolutionary entity and the mobilization of the capabilities and potentialities and its material, military and spiritual forces." [emphasis mine]

Is the PLO trying to rewrite history ? YES!

There is not, nor ever has there been, a Palestinian people, state, language, culture, or history. The present-day "Palestinians" are Arabs, with Arabic culture, history, and language. They came from Arab states into what we now know as Israel about one hundred years ago. In contrast, the Jews have been in Israel for over 5,000 years. Following the Six-Day War (June 5-10, 1967, in which Israel thoroughly routed a coalition of nine Arab states and took possession of Judea and Samaria), the Arabs in Judea and Samaria suddenly became Palestinians. Walid Shoebat, a former PLO terrorist, said that overnight (June 4, 1967) he became a Palestinian.

The concept of Palestine was a Roman invention. The Jews in Israel attempted to gain independence from the Roman Empire in the second century A.D. The attempt ended at a Masada in Judea. Roman emperor Hadrian was angry with the Jews and wanted to destroy the name of Israel and Judea so that there would be no memory of the country that belonged to the Jewish rebels. He decided to rename the Roman province, so he found in ancient history a name that appeared appropriate. Hadrian discovered that an extinct people, unknown in Roman times, called "Philistines", once lived in that area and were enemies of the Israelites. He invented the new name: "Palæstina", the Latin spelling of "Philistine."

There is no mention of the name Palæstina in history prior to the Romans renaming the province of Judea. The name does not appear in any ancient document, is not written in the Bible, either in Hebrew Scriptures or the Christian Testament, nor in Assyrian, Persian, Macedonian, Ptolemaic, Seleucian, or other Greek sources.

Reference to the "Palestinian" people was never mentioned, not even by the Romans that invented the term. Muslims claim that the prophet Mohammed once traveled to Jerusalem (not mentioned in the Qur'an), but there is no reference to any Palestinian people in the Qur'an.

The PLO may try to rewrite ancient history, but it cannot rewrite recent history.

The PLO has a long recent history of terrorism and violence. Under Yasser Arafat (1929-2004), the PLO led Palestinians into the Al-Aqsa Intifada , a war with Israel that lasted nearly five years and claimed thousands of lives on both sides. Here is a (partial) list of PLO (or its offshoots) violence:

• Late 1950s: Arafat co-founds Fatah , whose sole purpose is to gain control of Palestine from Israel through terrorism

• March 18, 1968: Fatah terrorists in Israel set a land mine which later blew up a school bus, killing two children and injuring 28 others

• July 1968: Fatah joins the PLO and becomes its dominant member

• February 1969: Yasser Arafat becomes PLO chairman

• May 8, 1970: PLO terrorists attacked an Israeli School bus, killing nine children and three adults, and crippling nineteen for life

• September 1972: Black September attack at the Olympic Games in Munich, Germany

• October 7, 1985: four PLO terrorists hijacked the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro, demanded the release of Palestinian prisoners held in Israel, and killed one Jewish tourist

• July 2000: PLO head Yasser Arafat rejected a peace settlement that would have resulted in a Palestinian state -- it's interesting to note that in order to counter the perception that Arafat was the obstacle to peace, the PLO began to publish a "revisionist" view of what took place during the peace process

• September 2000: Arafat launched the Al-Aqsa Intifada, and continued to fund, incite, and support terrorism

• March, 2002: PLO terrorists killed five students and wounded twenty-three other people during an attack on a pre-military high school in Atzmona, Israel

• March 14, 2004: suicide bombers associated with Fatah kill nine and injure nineteen in Ashdod, Israel

• November 2012: PLO fires rockets into Israel

Killing children. Classy bunch, the PLO. And as if the above actions weren't despicable enough, the PLO has recruited children to attack Israeli targets, with some of the attacks being suicidal.

The PLO itself was removed from the U.S. State Department's terrorist organization in 1994, but several PLO factions are still on that list, including :

• Palestine Islamic Jihad -- Shaqaqi Faction -- operating in Gaza with minimal presence in the West Bank and Israel

• Palestine Liberation Front -- Abu Abbas Faction -- based in Lebanon and the Palestinian territories

• Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine -- operating in Syria, Lebanon, Israel, the West Bank and Gaza

• Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command -- political Leadership headquartered in Damascus, with bases in southern Lebanon and a presence in the Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon and Syria, and a small presence in Gaza

What's most interesting is from where these groups receive external aid: Syria and Iran.

Right now, March 26, 2013, the PA continues to call for the destruction of Israel . Is Obama so naïve as to think a Palestinian state will stop terrorist violence?

This is the organization Obama supports through his call for a Palestinian state. Does Obama's duplicity ever end? And, while sequestration is going on, Obama released $500 million to the PLO.

But that's just my opinion

Dr. Warren Beatty (not the liberal actor) earned a Ph.D. in quantitative management and statistics from Florida State University. He was a (very conservative) professor of quantitative management specializing in using statistics to assist/support decision-making. He has been a consultant to many small businesses and is now retired. Dr. Beatty is a veteran who served in the U.S. Army for 22 years. He blogs at rwno.limewebs.com.

Dear Leader Barack Hussein Obama visited Israel last week. While there, he took a quick trip to Ramallah ("Height of God") to hold talks with Palestinian Authority (PA) President Mahmoud Abbas. During the press conference after the meeting, Obama said:

"Palestinians deserve an end to occupation and the indignities that come with it" [through an] "independent, viable and contiguous Palestinian state as the homeland of the Palestinian people alongside the Jewish state of Israel."

"Put simply, Palestinians deserve a state of their own."

During the same press conference, Abbas said:

". Palestinians want a two-state solution, 'Palestine and Israel, [but that] peace should not be made through violence, occupation, settlements, arrests, siege,' [and the denial of the rights of refugees]."

Abbas also said that a Palestinian unity deal would be a key to peace.

Irony of Ironies! The PA now talks "peace." While the PA is not technically the same as the Palestinian Liberation Authority (PLO), the two are tightly interwoven. The PLO is the main umbrella organization of the Palestinian national movement and a leading practitioner of terrorism. The PLO founded the PA under the terms of a series of 1990s peace pacts. So, now we have Obama supporting the PLO.

A little history is in order here. The PLO was created on June 2, 1964 in Cairo by the Arab League. In its charter is this statement (in Article 18): "The claims of historic and spiritual ties between Jews and Palestine are not in agreement with the facts of history or with the true basis of sound statehood." [emphasis mine]

Further, you will find in the PLO's Statement of Proclamation of the Organization ". the right of the Palestinian Arab people to its sacred homeland Palestine and affirming the inevitability of the battle to liberate the usurped part from it, and its determination to bring out its effective revolutionary entity and the mobilization of the capabilities and potentialities and its material, military and spiritual forces." [emphasis mine]

Is the PLO trying to rewrite history ? YES!

There is not, nor ever has there been, a Palestinian people, state, language, culture, or history. The present-day "Palestinians" are Arabs, with Arabic culture, history, and language. They came from Arab states into what we now know as Israel about one hundred years ago. In contrast, the Jews have been in Israel for over 5,000 years. Following the Six-Day War (June 5-10, 1967, in which Israel thoroughly routed a coalition of nine Arab states and took possession of Judea and Samaria), the Arabs in Judea and Samaria suddenly became Palestinians. Walid Shoebat, a former PLO terrorist, said that overnight (June 4, 1967) he became a Palestinian.

The concept of Palestine was a Roman invention. The Jews in Israel attempted to gain independence from the Roman Empire in the second century A.D. The attempt ended at a Masada in Judea. Roman emperor Hadrian was angry with the Jews and wanted to destroy the name of Israel and Judea so that there would be no memory of the country that belonged to the Jewish rebels. He decided to rename the Roman province, so he found in ancient history a name that appeared appropriate. Hadrian discovered that an extinct people, unknown in Roman times, called "Philistines", once lived in that area and were enemies of the Israelites. He invented the new name: "Palæstina", the Latin spelling of "Philistine."

There is no mention of the name Palæstina in history prior to the Romans renaming the province of Judea. The name does not appear in any ancient document, is not written in the Bible, either in Hebrew Scriptures or the Christian Testament, nor in Assyrian, Persian, Macedonian, Ptolemaic, Seleucian, or other Greek sources.

Reference to the "Palestinian" people was never mentioned, not even by the Romans that invented the term. Muslims claim that the prophet Mohammed once traveled to Jerusalem (not mentioned in the Qur'an), but there is no reference to any Palestinian people in the Qur'an.

The PLO may try to rewrite ancient history, but it cannot rewrite recent history.

The PLO has a long recent history of terrorism and violence. Under Yasser Arafat (1929-2004), the PLO led Palestinians into the Al-Aqsa Intifada , a war with Israel that lasted nearly five years and claimed thousands of lives on both sides. Here is a (partial) list of PLO (or its offshoots) violence:

• Late 1950s: Arafat co-founds Fatah , whose sole purpose is to gain control of Palestine from Israel through terrorism

• March 18, 1968: Fatah terrorists in Israel set a land mine which later blew up a school bus, killing two children and injuring 28 others

• July 1968: Fatah joins the PLO and becomes its dominant member

• February 1969: Yasser Arafat becomes PLO chairman

• May 8, 1970: PLO terrorists attacked an Israeli School bus, killing nine children and three adults, and crippling nineteen for life

• September 1972: Black September attack at the Olympic Games in Munich, Germany

• October 7, 1985: four PLO terrorists hijacked the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro, demanded the release of Palestinian prisoners held in Israel, and killed one Jewish tourist

• July 2000: PLO head Yasser Arafat rejected a peace settlement that would have resulted in a Palestinian state -- it's interesting to note that in order to counter the perception that Arafat was the obstacle to peace, the PLO began to publish a "revisionist" view of what took place during the peace process

• September 2000: Arafat launched the Al-Aqsa Intifada, and continued to fund, incite, and support terrorism

• March, 2002: PLO terrorists killed five students and wounded twenty-three other people during an attack on a pre-military high school in Atzmona, Israel

• March 14, 2004: suicide bombers associated with Fatah kill nine and injure nineteen in Ashdod, Israel

• November 2012: PLO fires rockets into Israel

Killing children. Classy bunch, the PLO. And as if the above actions weren't despicable enough, the PLO has recruited children to attack Israeli targets, with some of the attacks being suicidal.

The PLO itself was removed from the U.S. State Department's terrorist organization in 1994, but several PLO factions are still on that list, including :

• Palestine Islamic Jihad -- Shaqaqi Faction -- operating in Gaza with minimal presence in the West Bank and Israel

• Palestine Liberation Front -- Abu Abbas Faction -- based in Lebanon and the Palestinian territories

• Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine -- operating in Syria, Lebanon, Israel, the West Bank and Gaza

• Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command -- political Leadership headquartered in Damascus, with bases in southern Lebanon and a presence in the Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon and Syria, and a small presence in Gaza

What's most interesting is from where these groups receive external aid: Syria and Iran.

Right now, March 26, 2013, the PA continues to call for the destruction of Israel . Is Obama so naïve as to think a Palestinian state will stop terrorist violence?

This is the organization Obama supports through his call for a Palestinian state. Does Obama's duplicity ever end? And, while sequestration is going on, Obama released $500 million to the PLO.


Watch the video: Κρουαζιερόπλοιο σε κυκλώνα