Baylor University

Baylor University

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Baylor University is a private, Baptist-affiliated university. The campus is spread over 735 acres on the banks of the Brazos River.The university’s origin dates back to 1841, when the suggestion of Reverend William Milton Tryon and District Judge R.E.B. Baylor for a Baptist university in the state was accepted by 35 delegates in a Union Baptist Association meeting.As a result a co-educational institution was opened and named in honor of the District Judge. Chartered in 1845 by the Republic of Texas, the university merged with Waco University and moved to the present location, in 1886.Baylor University is made up of 11 academic units - College of Arts and Sciences, George W. Truett Theological Seminary, Graduate School, Hankamer School of Business, Honors College, Law School, Louise Herrington School of Nursing, School of Education, School of Engineering and Computer Science, School of Music, and School of Social Work.It offers baccalaureate, master’s, specialist, and doctoral level programs. Baylor Interdisciplinary Core, Global Christian Ventures, International Masters in Environmental Studies, lifelong learning, and study abroad and exchange programs are some of the special programs available at the university.Prominent among the centers and institutes of the university are the Center for Astrophysics, Space Physics and Engineering Research, Center for Religious Inquiry across the Discipline, Allbritton Art Institute, and the J. Dawson Institute of Church-State Studies.Museums on campus include the Martin Museum of Art and Mayborn Museum Complex. In addition, the campus is graced by the Armstrong Browning Library, which with other holding facilities on campus, contains a collection of about 1.5 million bound volumes as well as numerous periodicals, microforms, government documents, and audiovisual materials.Thd Baylor Collections of Political Materials, and the Strecker Museum Library are among the special libraries.Further, Baylor is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, and is one of 274 institutions in the nation, and one of the 10 institutions in the state, with a Phi Beta Kappa chapter.

Baylor Bears basketball

The Baylor Bears basketball team represents Baylor University in Waco, Texas, in NCAA Division I men's basketball competition. The Bears compete in the Big 12 Conference. The team plays its home games in Ferrell Center and is currently coached by Scott Drew.

Baylor University History

In 1841, 35 delegates to the Union Baptist Association meeting voted to adopt the suggestion of Reverend William Milton Tryon and R.E.B. Baylor to establish a Baptist university in Texas, then a self-declared republic still claimed by Mexico. Baylor, a Texas district judge and onetime U.S. Congressman and soldier from Alabama, became the school’s namesake.

In the fall of 1844, the Texas Baptist Education Society petitioned the Congress of the Republic of Texas to charter a Baptist university. Republic President Anson Jones signed the Act of Congress on February 1, 1845, officially establishing Baylor University. The founders built the original university campus in Independence, Texas. Reverend James Huckins, who had been the first Southern Baptist missionary to Texas, was Baylor’s first full-time fund-raiser. All three of the above men are credited as being the founders of the university.

Baylor’s Burleson Quadrangle in the early 1900’s.

In 1851, Baylor’s second president Rufus Columbus Burleson decided to separate the students by gender, making the Baylor Female College an independent and separate institution. Baylor University became an all-male institution. During this time Baylor thrived as the only university west of the Mississippi offering instruction in both the law, mathematics, and medicine. Many of the early leaders of the Republic of Texas, such as Sam Houston, would send their children to Baylor to be educated. Some of those early students were, Temple Lea Houston, son of President Sam Houston, a famous western gun-fighter and attorney. Along with Lawrence Sullivan “Sul” Ross famous Confederate General and later President of Texas A&M University.

During the American Civil War, the Baylor president was George Washington Baines, maternal great-grandfather of the future U.S. President, Lyndon Baines Johnson. Baines was also later a trustee of Mary Hardin-Baylor. Baines would fight hard to keep the university operating during the terrible struggles of the civil war while the male students were enrolled in the Confederate Army serving Texas in various military campaigns throughout the War . After the war and during the late nineteenth century, the city of Independence began suffering a slow decline, due primarily because of the rise of neighboring cities serviced by the Santa Fe Railroad. Because of the fact that Independence lacked a railroad line, University fathers decided to begin searching for other more viable locations to build a new campus.

Beginning in 1885, Baylor University moved to Waco, Texas, a growing town on the railroad line. It merged with a local college Waco University, where Baylor’s former second president, Rufus Burleson, was serving at the time as the local college president. That same year, the Baylor Female College decided to also move to a new location and chose the city of Belton, Texas to be its new home. It later became known as the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor. A Baylor College Park still exists in Independence in memory of the college’s history there. Around 1887, Baylor University began readmitting women and became coeducational again.

In 1900, three physicians founded the “University of Dallas Medical Department”, in Dallas, although a university by that name did not exist. In 1903, Baylor University acquired the medical school, which became known as the Baylor College of Medicine, while remaining in Dallas.

In 1943, Dallas civic leaders wanted to build larger facilities for the university in a new medical center, but only if the College of Medicine would surrender its denominational alliances with the Baptist state convention. The Baylor administration refused the offer. With funding from the M. D. Anderson Foundation and others, Baylor moved the College of Medicine to Houston.

After passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the university was desegregated. In 1969, the Baylor College of Medicine became technically independent from Baylor University although they still maintain close ties.

Baylor University

Baylor University owes its founding to Robert E. B. Baylor, James Huckins, and William Milton Tryon, who in 1841 organized an education society in the Texas Union Baptist Association with the purpose of establishing a Baptist university in Texas. Baylor was chartered by the Republic of Texas on February 1, 1845, and was opened in 1846 at Independence. Professor Henry F. Gillette directed the school until the arrival of its first president, Henry Lee Graves, who received notice of his election on January 12, 1846, arrived in Independence in December 1846, and entered upon his duties on February 4, 1847. That year Graves organized a collegiate department and in 1849 added lectures in law. He resigned in 1851 and was succeeded by Rufus C. Burleson, who, during his first year as president announced a course of study leading to graduation. The university granted its first degree in 1854. In 1861, as a result of continued disagreement with the board of trustees, Burleson and the entire faculty of the male department resigned. George W. Baines, Sr., became president and in 1863 was succeeded by William Carey Crane, during whose presidency the curriculum was broadened and the female department became a separate institution, Baylor Female College (see UNIVERSITY OF MARY HARDIN-BAYLOR). From 1866 to 1886 Baylor University was a male school. After Crane's death in 1885, Reddin Andrews, Jr., an alumnus, was made president.

In 1886 the Baptist General Association of Texas and the State Convention, under the control of which Baylor had been operating since 1848, were combined to form the Baptist General Convention, and as a result Baylor University and Waco University, which Burleson had headed since he resigned as president of Baylor at Independence, were consolidated and rechartered as Baylor University in Waco. Under the control of the Baptist General Convention, Baylor was established on the Waco campus by the end of 1887. Burleson was made president emeritus in June 1897. Professor John C. Lattimore, as chairman of the faculty, directed the school until 1899, when Oscar Henry Cooper was made president. Cooper secured two new buildings and raised academic standards.

Samuel Palmer Brooks succeeded Cooper in 1902 and served as president until his death in 1931. Brooks added new departments and organized the schools of education, law, business, and music. In addition, Baylor acquired four professional schools in Dallas: the College of Medicine (1903), the School of Nursing (1909), the School of Pharmacy (established in 1903 and discontinued in 1930), and the College of Dentistry (1918). In 1919 the Texas Baptist Memorial Sanitarium in Dallas became Baylor Memorial Hospital and was a part of the School of Medicine until 1943, when the school was transferred to Houston. Baylor Theological Seminary, established in 1905, became a separate institution, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, in 1908 and was moved to Fort Worth in 1910. During the Brooks administration the enrollment grew, the campus was enlarged, four new buildings were erected, the summer term was made a regular part of the school year, the endowment was increased, and Baylor was admitted to membership in various college and university associations.

After Brooks's death, W. S. Allen, dean of the college, served as acting president until June 1932, when former governor Pat M. Neff, alumnus and president of the board of trustees, became president. Under Neff's direction the endowment was increased and salaries were raised the campus was enlarged and landscaped the departments of home economics, drama, and radio were added library and laboratory facilities were improved and extended four new buildings were built, and the Union Building was begun. In 1945, despite difficulties incident to World War II, Baylor celebrated her centennial anniversary. During the war the university instructed students for the army and navy. With the influx of veterans the enrollment reached 4,589 in the fall of 1947. Neff resigned on December 31, 1947, and was made president emeritus. W. T. Gooch, dean of the graduate school, was named president ad interim. William Richardson White was elected president in January 1948 and took office on February 1. Baylor University made unprecedented growth in both capital assets and academic standards during the thirteen-year administration of President White. Between 1948 and 1959 the university departments were affiliated with the highest accreditation agencies. Baylor's plant was increased in value some $10 million by the addition of eleven new buildings, including the Armstrong Browning Library, dormitories and apartments, a music hall, the School of Law, and a Bible building. Library holdings increased by 93,209 volumes between 1948 and 1965. The nucleus of the library collection was acquired in 1902, when the Erisophian, Philomathesian, Adelphian, Calleopean, and Burleson societies presented their libraries to the university. The F. L. Carroll Library, completed in 1903, was gutted by fire in 1922, but students were credited with saving most of the books. The rebuilt structure housed the main library. Special collections in music, theology, law, Texas studies, and Robert Browning supplemented the general library, which in 1969 consisted of 460,600 books and periodicals housed in fifteen units on the campus.

In June 1959 Judge Abner V. McCall, former dean of the School of Law, was made executive vice president with administrative responsibility, and White assumed public relations duties. In April 1962 McCall was named president of the university. That same year White became Baylor's first chancellor, and in 1963 he was president emeritus. McCall's administration—he resigned in 1981 and was made chancellor—was characterized by an emphasis on scholastic excellence with efforts to upgrade faculty, students, and facilities and to extend the graduate program. The university's College of Arts and Sciences provided special programs in American studies B.S. degrees could be obtained in dental hygiene and preprofessional work in medical technology, physical therapy, dentistry, medicine, engineering, and forestry. A senior division of the United States Air Force Reserve Officers' Training Corps was located at Baylor. Doctoral programs were offered in English, chemistry, psychology, physics, and education. Graduate programs in many aspects of dentistry, medicine, and allied fields were sponsored in cooperation with the College of Medicine (Houston), the College of Dentistry (Dallas), and the Graduate Research Center (Dallas). The master of hospital administration degree was offered for military personnel in cooperation with the Medical Field Service School at Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, and in 1971 a graduate program in physical therapy was added. In 1972 this facility changed its name to the Academy of Health Sciences of the United States Army.

By 1965 Baylor's enrollment at Waco, including 268 students in the School of Law, reached 6,432-considered the maximum figure consistent with available facilities. The administration and teaching staff totaled 364, of whom eighty-eight worked part-time. Approximately one-fourth of the faculty was involved in research, supported by various sources. Between 1845 and 1965 the institution graduated 36,121 students. In 1965, 74 percent of the students were Texans the remainder represented every state in the Union and twenty-one foreign countries. Although Baptist in affiliation, Baylor had students from over thirty religious denominations.

Between 1960 and 1965 the Waco campus was extended by fifty-five acres construction of a student health center, school of business, science building, and auxiliary buildings brought the investment in a total of thirty-two buildings to $24 million. A second science building was constructed, and a new library was ready for occupancy by 1968, when investments in Baylor's campuses at Waco, Dallas, and Houston totaled $53 million. The school also had $42 million in endowments and other investments and assets. In 1970 the enrollment was 6,532, and the faculty numbered 398. By 1974 the enrollment had increased to 8,130.

In 1994 Baylor was organized into the College of Arts and Sciences (founded in 1919), the Hankamer School of Business (organized in 1923 and renamed in 1959), the School of Education (organized in 1919), the Graduate School (organized in 1947), the School of Law (organized in 1857, closed in 1883, reopened in 1920), the School of Music (organized in 1919 as the College of Fine Arts and renamed in 1921), the School of Nursing (reorganized in 1950 to offer the B.S.N.), the University School (organized in 1987), and the Allied Graduate Program at Baylor College of Dentistry in Dallas and the United States Army Academy of Health Science in San Antonio. The University School operated the honors program, the university scholars program, and interdisciplinary-study programs in archeology, biblical and related languages, church-state studies, and environmental studies, as well as programs in American studies, Asian studies, Latin-American studies, Slavic studies, museum studies, and university studies.

Baylor holds accreditation and memberships in the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, Association of American Colleges, American Council on Education, Southern Universities Conference, Texas Council on Church Related Colleges, Southern Association of Baptist Colleges and Schools, American Association of University Women, and American Society of Allied Health Professions. In addition, the various colleges, schools, and departments at Baylor hold numerous affiliations. The university offers a variety of bachelor degrees, including several in aviation sciences and home economics. The graduate programs include master's degrees in clinical gerontology, environmental science, international journalism, speech pathology and audiology, taxation, international management, and public policy and administration, and a Ph. D. in such fields as education and psychology. The campus library facilities include the Armstrong Browning Library the Baylor Collections of Political Materials, which houses the manuscript collections of several former members of Congress and the Texas legislature the Moody Memorial Library, which houses general collections, public services, circulation, government documents, music, periodicals, and reserves the Jesse H. Jones Library, which houses the public service departments of the reference services and the science and engineering collections the Texas Collection Library and Archives University Libraries Technical Services Academic Publications Institute for Oral History Regional Studies and the Strecker Museum. Herbert H. Reynolds served as president from 1981 to 1995, whereupon he became chancellor and then, beginning in 2000, president emeritus. Robert B. Sloan Jr. became Baylor's twelfth president in 1995. As of May 2000 the market value of the university's endowment was about $645 million. In 2001 a faculty of 662 served 13,719 students in ten colleges or schools, including the College of Arts and Sciences, the George W. Truett Theological Seminary, the Graduate School, the Hankamer School of Business, the Law School, the Louise Herrington School of Nursing, the School of Education, the School of Engineering and Computer Science, the School of Music, and the School of Social Work.

2 thoughts on &ldquo Access at Baylor University from 1921-1930: The Significance of Expansion and National Relevance &rdquo

Change was occurring rapidly at Baylor University. And, although it was unclear if increased enrollment influenced the institutional advancements or vice versa it was evident that Baylor was using this overall growth to its benefit in order to remain a relevant and respected American University.Thanks for sharing all that great information…Please visit on this great information..

Because this project received national attention from various companies and captured the attention of Texas because of the WMU’s involvement, the construction helped firm Baylor’s status and relevant position within higher education.

Campus conversations about Judge Baylor’s history

With tension growing on whether the Judge Baylor Statue should be removed or not, students seek to learn more about the history of Judge Baylor. Christina Cannady | Photographer

By Emily Cousins | Staff Writer

The statue of Baylor University co-founder Robert Emmet Bledsoe Baylor sits at the heart of campus. Daily sit-ins are being held in front of the statue to educate others and push for the statue’s removal, citing Judge Baylor’s connections to the Confederacy and slavery.

The statue of Judge Baylor sits at the end of Founder’s Mall, directly across from Waco Hall. Prospective students, current students, alumni, faculty and other members of the Baylor community frequently take pictures in front of the statue.

On Feb. 1, Baylor University’s birthday and the first day of Black History Month, students gathered around the statue wearing all black to take a picture calling for the removal of the statue.

The history shared on Baylor’s BaylorProud website about Judge Baylor includes details about participating in the War of 1812, studying law, his conversion to Christianity in 1839, his time as a judge and of course, the founding of Baylor University itself. Neither the BaylorProud article nor Baylor’s other webpage on the naming of the school mention Judge Baylor’s ties to the Confederacy or ownership of slaves. The only mention of the Confederacy on the page is in reference to Judge Baylor’s nephew.

“Although Baylor was never married nor had children, he was quite close to his nephew John Baylor, as John lived with him for a time and wrote to him often when he left Robert Baylor’s house,” the page reads. “John Baylor led an adventurous life of his own as a noted Indian fighter, commander of the first Confederate invasion of New Mexico in the American Civil War, Confederate congressman, and gunfighter.”

Broken Arrow, Okla., senior Jada Holliday, creator of the form to sign up for daily sit- ins in front of Judge Baylor, said she used to work for the Visitor’s Center at Baylor, and she gave tours of campus to prospective students and their families. She said an hour into the tour, they would arrive at the statue of Judge Baylor, and she would give the history provided in the script.

Holliday said, after doing her own research, she was shocked to learn about Judge Baylor’s history involving the Confederacy and slavery.

According to tax records, Judge Baylor owned at least 20 slaves by 1860. He sentenced multiple slaves to death during his time as a judge. He was also an influential leader in the Texas Know Nothing Party. He used the Baylor campus as a training ground for confederate soldiers during the Civil War.

“I was giving tours, really inviting people to come to campus that I genuinely agreed with, until I did my own research,” Holliday said. “I realized that I did not agree with everything that they stood for.”

Holliday said the goal of the sit-ins is to push for the removal of the statue but also to educate people in the Baylor community about the entire history of Judge Baylor.

“Black history is American history,” Holliday said. “It shouldn’t just take 28 days out of the year for people to educate themselves on matters of past enslavement, past civil rights movement and so much more about what Black American history is. I just thought that I’d take the extra step and do it for us because not a lot of people have known. I think that’s been my favorite part about sitting out there is having people stop in and read, and then when they feel comfortable and gather the courage, ask more questions.”

Joy Baker, class of 󈥯, said via email she was disappointed when she learned students were calling for the removal of Judge Baylor’s statue.

“Judge Baylor is the University’s namesake,” Baker wrote. “There are many traditions tied to his name and the statue on campus ranging from taking a picture with the statue, the Noze brothers painting his nose, him being dressed for different holidays, etc. He and the other founders of the university do deserve to be remembered for the good they did in founding the oldest university in the state of Texas.”

Baker said instead of removing the statue, sharing the full history of Judge Baylor would be beneficial.

“Here is ‘Somebody,’’’ Baker wrote. “They weren’t perfect by any means, but they did make a major contribution in this area and that is what we are emphasizing. We are not approving of their shortcomings, but placing importance of the greater good that came out of their contributions. That can be done with adding educational plaques to provide a more complete picture of his history and contributions. If it weren’t for Judge Baylor and many other people like him in our past, there might not even be a university for us to have this conversation about.”

Anderson, S.C., graduate student Abby Waters said some people in the Baylor community became defensive when they saw students asking for the statue to be removed.

“I think that what would be helpful is to ask people, ‘Why?’ and create that conversational piece and actually be open to understanding what’s happening and understanding why this is a need that is being asked for and kind of leaning into that conversation with curiosity, rather than getting defensive from one’s own discomfort,” Waters said.

Former Baylor student Carmelo Madrigal said removing the statue won’t fix any problems.

“I understand that there is a lot of healing to be done in our nation and a lot of unity, but trying to forget the past,” Madrigal said. “It’s like, you’re running away from the past. Don’t run. Embrace it. Once you embrace it, you have closure. You have healing in a sense. That’s how you bring change and you make progression.”

Associate Professor of History and Director of the Institute for Oral History Dr. Stephen Sloan said no matter what happens with Judge Baylor’s statue, the full history needs to be shared on tours and on the Baylor website.

“I’m a big believer that we need to embrace all aspects of our history,” Sloan said. “There is a tendency in the current moment to think everyone in the past was stupid and racist, and it’s surely a little more complicated than that. Whatever ends up happening, the statue does create an opportunity for conversation about some pretty complicated issues.”

Sloan said people are complicated, and going the extra mile helps to understand the complexities of historical figures.

“I think it’s much more important to understand R. E. B. Baylor than to celebrate him,” Sloan said. “Of course, I’m a historian, and maybe most people don’t have [or] don’t want to take the time to do that or make the effort to do it, but I feel like that’s a much more revealing and useful effort.”

Sloan said he can’t imagine what it’s like as a Black student to walk by Judge Baylor everyday.

“I’m sympathetic for the student that is angry and enraged,” Sloan said. “Right now, if you’re a minority student, you don’t feel welcome. One of the things that we’ve done in the history department is a diversity and inclusion committee, and I had them go and read Robert Gilbert’s oral history interviews. What’s amazing that one member pointed out to me is the themes that we read in the 󈦜s resonate now with some of the things that we hear our students say, and that just breaks my heart that they don’t feel welcome. They don’t feel included. They don’t feel like the institution is fully theirs in the way that it should be. We use the term ‘Baylor Family’ a lot, but I know there’s some students that don’t feel like they’re as much a part of the family. Symbols like Judge Baylor make that more complicated.”

In the summer of 2020, the Board of Regents acknowledged Baylor University’s ties to slavery and the confederacy, and also formed the Commission on Historic Campus Representations. However, Holliday said Black students had to beg for Baylor to do something in response to the death of George Floyd.

“Baylor is sitting here protecting, not acknowledging until absolutely necessary is an issue,” Holiday said. “There needs to be a sense of urgency and a productivity that is quicker prioritized when it comes to matters of anti-racism and intolerance. Period.”

Holliday said relocating the Judge Baylor statue to a museum would show that Baylor is committed to shutting down racism.

“It will really show that the university that I chose four years ago because of its Christian values and because of their commitment to inclusion and diversity that it is something that they want to champion in every situation, all the time,” Holliday said. “Not for enhancement to their credibility and not when it’s going to push them to pursue their tier one research status quicker. It would be a way for them to regain the entire student bodies trust once again, and that if there are individuals who are fighting against them being anti-racist, that they would call them on that and hold them accountable.”


Patrick Dennehy was a junior forward who transferred to Baylor University following his sophomore season at the University of New Mexico (UNM) in 2001–2002. [1] In the summer of 2003, Dennehy and his new teammate Carlton Dotson indicated that they were concerned about their safety. After both men failed to attend a party, there were indications that something had gone wrong when Dennehy's family had not heard from him and Dennehy's roommate returned home to find that his dog had not been fed. On June 25, Dennehy's car was found in Virginia Beach, Virginia, with its license plates removed. [2]

An affidavit filed on June 23, which was unsealed on June 30, which sought a search warrant for Dennehy's computer reported that an informant in Delaware told police that Dotson, who was by now at home in Hurlock, Maryland, told a cousin that he had shot and killed Dennehy during an argument while firing guns in the Waco, Texas area. On July 21, Dotson was charged with Dennehy's murder and taken into custody in Maryland. On July 26, a badly decomposed body was found in a gravel pit near Waco and was later identified as Dennehy. [2] On July 30, his death was ruled a homicide, and on August 7, a memorial service was held for Dennehy in San Jose, California. [3]

Following a stint in which Dotson's competency to stand trial was in question, he pleaded guilty to the murder on June 8, 2005, and was sentenced a week later to 35 years in prison. [4] Dotson is currently an inmate of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice [5] and will be eligible for parole after he has served about half of his sentence. [4]

In early August 2003, allegations arose concerning Dennehy's ability to remain with the Baylor basketball team during the 2002–2003 academic year without an athletic scholarship. Allegations of impropriety within Baylor's athletic department surfaced and university president Robert B. Sloan appointed an investigative panel to determine if there were any potential violations of National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA) rules at the school.

Improper payments to players Edit

Having reached the limits on team scholarships, Baylor head coach Dave Bliss had surreptitiously paid Dennehy's tuition and that of teammate Corey Herring. Herring and his family had no knowledge of this he was under the impression that he was on scholarship. [6] During the investigations, Bliss publicly claimed Dennehy had paid his tuition by being a drug dealer, but was soon under investigation by the university and the NCAA. Additionally, in the weeks preceding his resignation, Bliss flew to New York City—without the knowledge of anyone, including his wife—in an attempt to convince Herring's mother to lie about paying $18,641. [6] Later, Bliss pretended to be Herring's father—in an attempt to determine what evidence school and NCAA investigators might find against him—when he called Baylor's financial aid office to check on payments made to Herring's account. [6]

Drug use Edit

On August 1, further allegations arose from Dotson's estranged wife, Melissa Kethley, and by Sonya Hart, the mother of Baylor athlete Robert Hart. They reported widespread abuse of marijuana and alcohol among Baylor players that was subsequently ignored by Bliss and his staff. Sonya Hart revealed that she had raised concerns about the drug use with associate athletic director Paul Bradshaw, but that no one ever got back in contact with her. [7]

Recruiting violations Edit

On August 5, two members of the 2002–2003 Baylor basketball team told The Dallas Morning News that members of the coaching staff were present during a pickup game involving recruit Harvey Thomas during his official visit to Baylor. One of the two players said that Bliss and assistant coach Rodney Belcher were both present during the game. [7] NCAA rules state that staff observation of a recruit's athletic activities, directly or indirectly, during their official visit to their university constitute an "illegal tryout."

Prior violations at SMU Edit

It was also revealed that Bliss had apparently broken several NCAA regulations during his tenure at Baylor and during his tenure at Southern Methodist University (SMU) from 1980 to 1988. At the time, both schools were members of the Southwest Conference. [8] On August 2, an NCAA memo obtained by the Fort Worth Star-Telegram detailed major rules violations, including booster payments of $2,000 to $5,000 to center Jon Koncak during his junior and senior years. Both Bliss and SMU received no NCAA penalties for the infractions because the university had already received the death penalty for massive violations in their football program in February 1987, and the decision was made not to further punish the SMU athletic department. Shortly after the investigation, Bliss left SMU to take a position at New Mexico in 1988, before joining the Baylor program in 1999. [8]

For his part, Bliss denied all allegations saying, "We have followed the rules, however difficult they may be, for 30 years." [8] However, on the day after Dennehy's memorial service, Bliss met with Baylor investigators and was told that Dennehy's girlfriend had accused him of paying the portions of Dennehy and Herring's tuition not covered by financial aid. [6] Both payments violated NCAA rules. Bliss confessed to making the payments, which totaled $7,000. This, combined with the violations of Baylor's drug test policy and Bliss' presence at Thomas' official visit to Baylor, led Sloan to force his resignation on August 8, 2003. Athletic director Tom Stanton resigned on the same day. Although there was no evidence that Stanton knew of the violations, he resigned to take responsibility for what happened. [9]

Preliminary sanctions imposed Edit

On the same day that Bliss resigned, Baylor's investigative committee announced their preliminary findings and imposed preliminary sanctions on the basketball program. Baylor placed itself on two years' probation and withdrew from the 2003-04 Big 12 Conference tournament, effectively removing itself from postseason consideration. A full release was granted to every player in the men's basketball program any player who wished to transfer would be allowed to do so without penalty. [9]

Lying to investigators Edit

On August 16, the Star-Telegram reported that Bliss had told players to lie to investigators by indicating that Dennehy had paid for his tuition by dealing drugs. These conversations were taped on microcassette by assistant coach Abar Rouse from July 30 to August 1. On the tapes, Bliss was heard instructing players to fabricate the story of Dennehy being a drug dealer to Baylor investigators and also said that talking to the McLennan County Sheriff's Department would give him the opportunity to "practice" his story. The tapes also showed that Bliss and his staff knew that Dennehy had been threatened by two of their teammates when they publicly denied such knowledge. Rouse taped the conversations after Bliss threatened to fire him if he did not go along with the scheme. [10] The revelations shocked Baylor and the college basketball community. However, despite the potential allegations of extortion, obstruction of justice and witness tampering, no criminal charges were filed against Bliss.

Baylor continued to investigate the basketball program over the next seven months and released their final report on February 26, 2004. [11] The full list of major program violations included:

  • Bliss paying for tuition for two players, Dennehy and Herring, [6] and attempting to conceal it.
  • Coaching staff providing meals, transportation, lodging and clothing to athletes.
  • Coaching staff paying for tuition and fees for a recruit at another school.
  • Bliss's encouragement of school boosters to donate to a foundation tied to a basketball team that included prospective Baylor recruits.
  • Failure to report positive drug test results by athletes.
  • Failure by the entire coaching staff to "exercise institutional control over the basketball program."

Other improprieties of a lesser nature were also discovered.

As a result, Baylor imposed further penalties on the basketball program. The program's probation was extended for an additional year, scholarships were reduced for the 2004–05 and 2005–06 seasons, expense-paid recruiting visits were also reduced for the next two seasons, other recruiting abilities were also inhibited, and one exhibition game was eliminated for the 2004–05 season. Baylor announced that it would re-certify its entire athletic department conformed to NCAA rules. Baylor forwarded its findings to the NCAA, who imposed further penalties on the school on June 23, 2005: [12] [13]

  • The university's probation was extended until June 22, 2010.
  • Baylor was barred from playing any nonconference games for the 2005–06 season, the first time such a "half-season" penalty had been imposed.
  • The NCAA further reduced Baylor's paid recruiting visits from twelve to nine for the 2006–07 season. (Baylor had already imposed restrictions on recruiting visits for the 2004–05 and 2005–06 seasons.)
  • In addition, other smaller penalties were also imposed on Baylor.

The NCAA also imposed a ten-year show-cause penalty on Bliss [14] for "despicable behavior" and "unethical conduct." This meant that until 2015, any NCAA member school that wanted to hire Bliss had to report to the organization every six months stating that he was in compliance with any restrictions the NCAA imposed on him, unless that school could demonstrate that Bliss had served his punishment. It is the most severe penalty the NCAA can hand a coach. As most schools will not even consider hiring someone with a show-cause order outstanding, the order had the effect of blackballing Bliss from the NCAA coaching ranks for the duration of the penalty. The NCAA found that Bliss and his staff had demonstrated "a blatant and sweeping disregard" for their rules. Besides paying parts of Dennehy and Herring's tuition, Bliss admitted that he'd concealed under-the-table payments to Herring and lied to both the NCAA and Baylor investigators. He also admitted to telling assistant coaches to file false expense reports and lie to Baylor investigators.

Doug Ash, who had been Bliss's top assistant throughout Bliss's coaching career at Oklahoma, SMU, New Mexico and Baylor, was hit with a five-year show-cause order. Another former assistant, Rodney Belcher, was hit with a seven-year show-cause order [14] for committing recruiting violations in bringing Dennehy to Baylor and lying about them to the infractions committee.

In its final report, the NCAA called the violations at Baylor as serious as those which occurred at SMU almost twenty years earlier. Indeed, Baylor was eligible for the death penalty since its men's tennis program was on probation for major violations the NCAA can hand down the death penalty for a second major violation within five years, even if it occurs in a different sport. However, the organization praised Baylor for taking prompt action once the violations came to light (in marked contrast to SMU, where there was evidence that administrators knew about the violations and did nothing).

The scandal left Baylor's basketball program in ruins. Lawrence Roberts, John Lucas III, Kenny Taylor, and Tyrone Nelson transferred to other schools. Two of the four became immediate stars at programs that would win regular-season conference titles in 2004 – Roberts became the main inside force at Mississippi State, leading their team in scoring and rebounding and being selected as a first-team All-American, while Lucas stayed in the conference at Oklahoma State, becoming their second-leading scorer and assists leader while helping his team to reach the Final Four. Taylor transferred to the University of Texas at Austin and Nelson enrolled at Prairie View A&M University. A year later, Herring transferred to Canisius College.

Bliss' successor, Scott Drew, was hired two weeks after Bliss' ouster. Due to his unusually late hiring–two months before practice and three months before the season opener–and the crippling sanctions imposed by both the school and the NCAA, Baylor only won a total of 36 games, including only thirteen conference games, from 2003 to 2007. However, Drew quickly turned the program around after his recruits arrived Baylor made the 2008 NCAA tournament, finished second in the 2009 NIT, and advanced to the Elite Eight of the 2010 and 2012 NCAA tournaments—the school's deepest NCAA run since going to the Final Four in 1950. In 2019-20, Drew led the Bears to the greatest season in school history at the time. Baylor finished with a 26-4 regular-season record, was ranked 4th in the final Coaches Poll, and was projected to a #1 seed in the 2020 NCAA Tournament which would've been a first for the program. Unfortunately for Baylor, the 2020 Tournament was canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The following season, Baylor won the Big 12 regular season title for the first time in program history, received a #1 seed for the 2021 NCAA Tournament's South Region, advanced to its first Final Four appearance since 1950, and made its first title game appearance since 1948, where the Bears won their first national championship.

Rouse sued his attorney in 2005 for releasing the incriminating tapes of Bliss, claiming that it breached the attorney–client privilege. Rouse's attorney claims she did not know how the tapes got transcribed, but the journalist who published them said he got them from her. [15]

After Baylor, Rouse worked as a graduate assistant coach at Midwestern State University in Wichita Falls, Texas. He left the position in October 2007 and has not had another basketball job since he has said that he has been effectively blackballed from the collegiate ranks for taping Bliss's statements. [15] Despite the near-universal revulsion at Bliss's actions, many leading members of the college basketball coaching fraternity considered Rouse's recordings a serious breach of trust. For example, Mike Krzyzewski said that if he ever found out one of his assistants had been secretly taping him, "there's no way he would be on my staff". [15] Jeff Ray, the Midwestern coach who hired Rouse, commented: "I'm right in the middle of it, don't get me wrong. But sometimes the things you see are pretty disgusting. Why is there this black cloud hanging over him? He did nothing wrong. To me, this is all a testimony to the sad state of affairs of our profession." [15]

Bliss eventually returned to the college basketball coaching ranks, in 2015, as head coach at Southwestern Christian University, an NAIA member. He resigned that position in April 2017, following the airing of the Showtime documentary Disgraced, which chronicled the cover-up at Baylor. [16]

Early history Edit

Baylor University's football team has seen a wide variation in its success through the years, including an undefeated 3–0 perfect record in 1900.

Initially, starting in the year 1898, the university played its home games on an unnamed field near the university campus. Beginning in 1905, the team's home games were played at Carroll Field, between the Carroll Science Building and Waco Creek. Baylor did not adopt a mascot (the Baylor Bears) until December 14, 1914 after the completion of the 1914 football season.[2] Additionally, Baylor did not join an athletic conference until 1914 after the conclusion of the football season, when it became a founding member of the Southwest Conference. Baylor played its first home game against Toby's Business College (located in Waco) in 1899, its first away game on 4 November 1900, at Austin College, and its first neutral-site game against Texas A&M in 1901.

For the 1899 and 1900 seasons, the team was coached by R.H. Hamilton, whose 5–1–1 record was distinguished with never having a losing record in 1899, Baylor played, and lost, its first game against Texas A&M, which would become a rivalry (until 2012 when Texas A&M changed conferences), the Battle of the Brazos, with over 100 games played in the series by 2003. W.J. Ritchie coached the 1901 team, leading it to a 5–3 record in this year, the first games of the Baylor-Texas and Baylor-TCU series were played. Texas Christian University (known as AddRan Male & Female College until 1902) was located in Waco from 1895 to 1910 and was one of Baylor's greatest football rivals until the dissolution of the Southwest Conference in 1995. The 1901 season also welcomed Baylor's first Thanksgiving Day football game, with a 28–0 win over St. Edward's University. J.C. Ewing took control of the team in 1902, and led it to its first losing season, with a 3–4–2 record. R.N. Watts restored Baylor's winning tradition in 1903, with a record of 4–3–1.

No team was fielded in 1906 following a ban opposing the violence of football along with 1943 and 1944 (during World War II), 1906 is one of three seasons since 1899 that Baylor has not competed in varsity football. Luther Burleson headed the restored football team in 1907, and managed a 4–3–1 record. E.J. Mills led the team for the 1908 and 1909 seasons their 3–5–0 and 5–3–0 records were notable for the 1908 loss to LSU, and for the world's first "Homecoming" at the 1909 Thanksgiving Day game, which included a concert, parade, and bonfire. To this day, Baylor claims the honor of having the largest homecoming parade in the world.

Baylor has many traditions such as the Baylor-TCU rivalry game which is one of the most played in all of college football, the Battle of the Brazos (through 2011 when Texas A&M left the Big 12), membership in the historic Southwest Conference, a live bear mascot since 1915 and the Baylor Line.

In 1966, John Hill Westbrook of Elgin, Texas became the first African American to play varsity football in the Southwest Conference when he joined the Baylor team.

Early SWC Championships and Bowl success Edit

Baylor won the SWC Championship in 1915, 1916, 1922 and again in 1924. In 1956 Baylor came close to the SWC title again but finished second and was sent to face the undefeated No. 2 Tennessee Volunteers in the 1957 Sugar Bowl. Baylor defeated Johnny Majors and the No. 2 Volunteers 13–7. This was the highest ranked opponent Baylor had ever defeated until defeating No. 1 ranked Kansas State in 2012. The 1924 SWC Championship would be the last for many decades until Baylor won the conference again in 1974 under the leadership of third year head coach Grant Teaff. From the late 1940s until the mid-1960s, Baylor also played in the 1952 Orange Bowl (vs. Georgia Tech), twice in the Gator Bowl (vs. Auburn and Florida), and the Bluebonnet (beating LSU), Dixie (beating Wake Forest) and Gotham Bowl (beating No. 10 ranked Utah St in New York City).

Miracle on the Brazos Edit

Baylor had finished in last place in 4 of the last 7 seasons including the year before and had not won the conference championship in 50 years. Also, prior to this season, they had never appeared in the Cotton Bowl. Furthermore, coming into the 1974 season Baylor had lost 16 consecutive games to the Texas Longhorns. The 1974 Texas vs Baylor game looked like another easy win for Texas as the Longhorns took quick control of the game and went into halftime leading 24–7. Baylor was energized starting the 2nd half however, sparked by a blocked punt early in the 3rd quarter. The Bears rallied to a thrilling 34–24 victory over the Longhorns. Baylor went on to win the conference title that year and a first ever trip to the Cotton Bowl (the first time in seven seasons that Texas did not win the Southwest Conference title). The entire 1974 Baylor football season was dubbed the "Miracle on the Brazos" by many sports writers at the time. The win over Texas and the SWC championship have thus become a special part of Baylor's athletic history.

Grant Teaff era (1972–1992) Edit

One of the most successful coaches in Baylor football history was Grant Teaff. He led the Bears to conference titles in 1974, his third year in the program, and again in 1980 when he led the Bears to the Cotton Bowl to face the Alabama Crimson Tide. Grant Teaff recruited famous players such as Mike Singletary, Thomas Everett, Walter Abercrombie and James Francis to play football at Baylor University. Teaff was also named National Coach of the Year after the 1974 season. He would go on to serve until 1992 leading Baylor to eight bowl games as well as the aforementioned Southwest Conference championships (1974, 1980) in his 21 years as head coach.

Chuck Reedy era (1993–1996) Edit

Chuck Reedy was coach for four seasons and compiled a record of 23–22. His 1994 team was part of a 5-way co-championship of the Southwest Conference, though an ineligible Texas A&M held a better conference record. In 1996 Baylor joined Texas, Texas Tech, and Texas A&M, along with the Big 8 conference schools, to form the Big 12 Conference.

Roberts, Steele, and Morriss era (1997–2007) Edit

Baylor was led by a succession of coaches with mediocre results. Dave Roberts was coach from 1997 to 1998 and compiled a 4–18 record. Kevin Steele followed from 1999 to 2002 and posted a 9–36 record. He was succeeded by Guy Morriss from 2003 to 2007 who compiled an 18–40 record.

Art Briles era (2008–2015) Edit

The 2010 season was a breakthrough for the Baylor Bears. Baylor earned an invitation to the Texas Bowl in Houston after finishing the regular season with a 7–5 record, this was their first bowl appearance since 1995. In the regular season the Bears victories included Big 12 conference wins over Kansas and Kansas St, as well as road wins over Colorado and Texas.

Building on the success of the 2010 team, Baylor began the 2011 season at home with an upset of No. 14 TCU, winners of the previous season's Rose Bowl. The Bears also won their next two games before traveling to Kansas State where they lost a tightly contested game by a single point. Baylor then defeated Iowa State 49–26 for the first conference win of the year before finishing October by losing two straight on the road, to A&M and eventual conference champion No. 3 Oklahoma State. The Bears rebounded to finish the regular season, with five straight victories including a Homecoming win over Missouri, a 31–30 overtime victory at Kansas in which Baylor tied a school record by overcoming a 21-point deficit in the 4th quarter, and the program's first win over No. 5 Oklahoma on a 34-yard touchdown pass from Griffin to Terrance Williams with 8 seconds remaining in the game. Baylor concluded November in Dallas playing against Texas Tech in Cowboys Stadium although Griffin left the game due to a concussion at the half, backup Nick Florence entered the game and led the Bears to a 66–42 victory. The Bears finished the regular season at home with a 48–24 victory over No. 22 Texas that propelled the team (9–3, 6–3 Big XII) to the Alamo Bowl with No. 12 and No. 15 BCS and AP rankings respectively, and propelled Griffin to the top of the Heisman Trophy voting he became the first Baylor player to win the award and the first Baylor player since Don Trull in 1963 to factor significantly in the voting. In the Alamo Bowl, the Bears faced the Washington Huskies in what became the second-highest scoring bowl game in history, and the highest-scoring regulation bowl game ever. Baylor went up 21–7 early in the game, with Griffin throwing for one touchdown and rushing for another. The Huskies roared back with 28 unanswered points, and the teams finished the half with Washington leading 35–24. In the second half, with the defenses showing limited ability to cope with the high-powered offenses led by Griffin and Husky QB Keith Price, the teams traded scores. The Bears overcame the halftime deficit, going ahead for good 60–56 halfway in the 4th quarter, and Baylor RB Terrance Ganaway tacked on a final 43-yard touchdown run. Ganaway finished with 21 carries for 200 yards and 5 TDs and was recognized as the game's offensive MVP.

Baylor's 2012 season opened in Waco against the SMU Mustangs. Quarterback Nick Florence – now a senior, having burned his redshirt season to play the second half against Texas Tech in 2011 after Griffin III left with a concussion – led the Bears to a 59–24 victory. Two weeks later, a victory at home against No. 2 FCS Sam Houston State gave Baylor fans their first glimpse of things to come when Oregon transfer running back Lache Seastrunk, who entered the game in the 4th quarter, put Baylor ahead 41–23 with a 15-yard touchdown rush. Baylor then traveled to Louisiana-Monroe to face a Warhawk team which had notched a stunning victory over No. 8 Arkansas and had subsequently taken Auburn to overtime. A 47–42 Baylor victory represented the Bears' 9th consecutive win (at the time, the 2nd longest streak in the FBS) and gave the Bears a No. 24 ranking. The win streak was broken during Baylor's first trip to Morgantown, West Virginia, by a No. 7 ranked Mountaineer team playing their inaugural Big 12 conference game. The 70–63 shootout saw several Big 12 records set, notably including the single-game receiving record by Baylor receiver Terrance Williams (314 yards). The loss dropped Baylor from the rankings and represented the start of a 4-game skid during which time Baylor lost in Waco to TCU, at No. 25 Texas, and at Iowa State. A win at home against Kansas and a loss at No. 12 Oklahoma left the Bears fighting for bowl eligibility. Baylor shocked the college football world the next week by soundly beating No. 1 Kansas State in Waco 52–24. A 12-yard Florence touchdown rush in the first quarter gave Baylor a 14–7 lead which was never relinquished. The Baylor defense highlighted the game with a stout goal-line stand in the 4th quarter and intercepted Heisman hopeful Collin Klein three times, the last in the endzone to set up an 80-yard touchdown run by Lache Seastrunk. The victory over Kansas State represented the program's first ever win over a No. 1 ranked team and sparked a 3-game win streak for Baylor (with a 52–45 overtime victory over Texas Tech in Cowboys Stadium and a 41–34 victory in Waco over No. 23 Oklahoma State). During the OSU game Seastrunk again achieved recognition for a 76-yard touchdown rush, outrunning the Oklahoma State secondary despite suffering a quadriceps cramp near midfield. The conclusion of Baylor's 7–5 2012 campaign marked the first time since 1949–51 that the Bears have enjoyed three consecutive seasons with 7+ wins. On December 2, Baylor accepted a berth in the Holiday Bowl, sending the Bears to a third consecutive bowl for the first time in program history. Baylor easily defeated the No. 17-ranked UCLA Bruins in the Holiday Bowl on December 27, 2012 by a final margin of 49–26 after jumping out to a 21–0 lead early in the 2nd quarter. Lache Seastrunk (RB) and Chris McAllister (DE) were named Offensive Player and Defensive Player of the game respectively.

In 2013, Baylor had arguably its best regular season in school history. A best-ever 9–0 start propelled the Bears to a No. 3 national ranking in the AP Poll. However, after an on-the-road loss to Oklahoma State, the Bears needed victories in their last two games and an Oklahoma State loss to have an opportunity to clinch the outright Big 12 title. With the Cowboys' loss, Baylor's season-closing game against Texas — the final game at Floyd Casey Stadium — became a de facto Big 12 championship game. Baylor defeated the Longhorns, 30–10, to notch a school-record 11th win and its first outright conference title since 1980. It also assured the team a Fiesta Bowl berth, the Bears' first-ever BCS bowl appearance and their first major bowl in 33 years. Baylor was defeated in the Fiesta Bowl by the University of Central Florida 52–42. [3] Bryce Petty, the Bears' quarterback, placed 7th in the overall 2013–14 Heisman race in New York, the second Heisman Trophy candidate set forth by Baylor in the last three record-breaking seasons. Petty was voted Big 12 Offensive Player of the Year following the season. [ citation needed ]

Assault scandal Edit

From 2012 to 2016, Baylor was rocked by a sexual assault scandal which resulted in the dismissal of head coach Art Briles, as well as the resignations of Athletic Director Ian McCaw, the University President Kenneth Starr, and the Title IX coordinator Patty Crawford.

The Big 12 Conference conditionally withheld $6 million from Baylor's yearly payout until Baylor could certify changes were implemented. [4] In March 2017, the Texas Ranger Division confirmed that it had begun a "preliminary investigation" into whether or not the university or Waco PD had broken any laws. [4] On March 7, 2017, U.S. District Judge Robert L. Pitman dismissed several claims made in a lawsuit against the university while allowing others to proceed. [4]

Jim Grobe era (2016) Edit

Jim Grobe took over as interim head coach for Baylor and led them to their 7th straight bowl appearance and a 31-12 victory over highly favored Boise State (10-2 record) at the Cactus Bowl in Arizona. Baylor finished the season with a 7-6 record.

Matt Rhule era (2017–2019) Edit

In December 2016 former Temple coach, Matt Rhule, was hired as the head Baylor football coach and given a 7 year contract. [5] Rhule subsequently replaced all of the prior football coaches and support staff and completed the hiring process in February 2017. [6]

Coach Rhule and the Bears suffered through a disastrous first season in 2017, finishing the year with a 1-11 record. A 38-9 victory on the road in week 10 over the Kansas Jayhawks was the lone win. The rest of the season was sprinkled with some positives, including a close loss vs No. 3 Oklahoma (49-41) and a 2 point loss to No. 23 West Virginia (38-36). In 2018 Coach Rhule led the Baylor Bears to one of the nations biggest 1 year turnaround seasons, going from 1 win to 7 wins after a thrilling Texas Bowl victory over Vanderbilt (45-38). Baylor finished the year with a 7-6 record but was close to having a very good season as 4 losses came on the road to top 20 competition (No. 6, No. 9, No. 13, No. 20). The 2019 season will go down as one of the best ever in Baylor football history. The Bears finished the regular season T-1st in the Big 12 with an 11-1 record, matching the program record for wins. The Bears played Oklahoma in the Big 12 Championship game but lost in a close, hard fought game. To finish the season, Baylor was ranked No. 7 in the CFP poll and was selected to play the No. 5 Georgia Bulldogs in the Sugar Bowl. They lost this game by a score of 14-26. On January 7, 2020, Rhule was hired as the head coach of the Carolina Panthers of the NFL, leaving Baylor after completely turning around the football program and its national perception.

Dave Aranda era (2020–present) Edit

In January 2020, after Rhule's departure for the Panthers, Baylor hired former LSU defensive coordinator Dave Aranda. [7] In Aranda's first season, the team compiled a 2–7 record, with wins against Kansas (0–9) and Kansas State (4–6).

Baylor has been independent and a member of two different conferences. [ citation needed ]

Baylor has won nine conference championships, won in two different conferences, six outright and three shared. [8]

Year Conference Coach Overall record Conference record
1915† Southwest Conference Charles Mosley 7–1 3–0
1916† Southwest Conference Charles Mosley 9–1 5–1
1922 Southwest Conference Frank Bridges 8–3 5–0
1924 Southwest Conference Frank Bridges 7–2–1 4–0–1
1974 Southwest Conference Grant Teaff 8–4 6–1
1980 Southwest Conference Grant Teaff 10–1 8–0
1994† Southwest Conference Chuck Reedy 7–4 4–3
2013 Big 12 Conference Art Briles 11–2 8–1
2014† Big 12 Conference Art Briles 11–2 8–1

Baylor has played in 25 bowl games, garnering a record of 13–12. Baylor has appeared in 7 New Year's Day bowl games and 7 major bowl games. [9]

Season Coach Bowl Opponent Result
1948 Bob Woodruff Dixie Bowl Wake Forest W 20–7
1951 George Sauer Orange Bowl Georgia Tech L 14–17
1954 George Sauer Gator Bowl Auburn L 13–33
1956 Sam Boyd Sugar Bowl Tennessee W 13–7
1960 John Bridgers Gator Bowl Florida L 12–13
1961 John Bridgers Gotham Bowl Utah State W 24–9
1963 John Bridgers Bluebonnet Bowl LSU W 14–7
1974 Grant Teaff Cotton Bowl Classic Penn State L 20–41
1979 Grant Teaff Peach Bowl Clemson W 24–18
1980 Grant Teaff Cotton Bowl Classic Alabama L 2–30
1983 Grant Teaff Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Oklahoma State L 14–24
1985 Grant Teaff Liberty Bowl LSU W 21–7
1986 Grant Teaff Bluebonnet Bowl Colorado W 21–9
1991 Grant Teaff Copper Bowl Indiana L 0–24
1992 Grant Teaff John Hancock Bowl Arizona W 20–15
1994 Chuck Reedy Alamo Bowl Washington State L 3–10
2010 Art Briles Texas Bowl Illinois L 14–38
2011 Art Briles Alamo Bowl Washington W 67–56
2012 Art Briles Holiday Bowl UCLA W 49–26
2013 Art Briles Fiesta Bowl UCF L 42–52
2014 Art Briles Cotton Bowl Classic Michigan State L 41–42
2015 Art Briles Russell Athletic Bowl North Carolina W 49–38
2016 Jim Grobe Cactus Bowl Boise State W 31–12
2018 Matt Rhule Texas Bowl Vanderbilt W 45–38
2019 Matt Rhule Sugar Bowl Georgia L 14–26

TCU Edit

Baylor's rivalry with TCU is one of the oldest and most played in all of college football. Dating back to 1899 the series began while TCU was located in Waco, Texas as a cross-town rival to Baylor. Due to the close proximity of the two schools 23 games were played between 1899 and 1910. A fire in 1910 destroyed the Main Building on the TCU campus and financial incentives from the city of Fort Worth convinced the Board of Trustees to relocate TCU to that city. There was a ten-year break in the series when the dissolution of the Southwest Conference in 1996 resulted in the two universities joining separate athletic conferences. The series resumed in Waco for Baylor's 2006 home opener and continued in 2007 in Fort Worth. TCU leads the series 55–52–7 through the conclusion of the 2018 season. [10]

Texas Tech Edit

The Baylor Bears are Texas Tech's most played opponent with 79 meetings between the teams dating back to 1929. From 2009-2018, the Bears played the Red Raiders at AT&T Stadium during the Saturday after Thanksgiving (with the exception of the 2010 game which was played at the Cotton Bowl during the State Fair of Texas). Starting with the 2019 season, the series moved back to the two schools respective on campus stadiums with Baylor hosting in Waco in 2019 and Texas Tech hosting in Lubbock in 2020. As of the conclusion of the 2020 season, the overall series is tied at 39–39–1. [11]

Texas A&M Edit

Texas A&M is one of Baylor's oldest rivals as the series dates from 1899 and the two schools are located only 90 miles apart on the Brazos River. The competitive peak of the series was from 1960–1990 when Baylor won 13 games, A&M won 16 games and 2 games ended in ties. During that time 18 of the games were decided by 7 points or less. The game played in 2011 is likely the end of the series for the foreseeable future given A&M's decision to leave the Big 12 Conference. Texas A&M leads the series 68–31–9 with the most recent game played in 2011. [12]

Stadium Edit

The Baylor Bears had played their home games at Floyd Casey Stadium, originally known as Baylor Stadium, since the facility opened in 1950 till closure in 2013. Construction began on what would become Floyd Casey Stadium right after World War II in 1948. The stadium cost $1.8 Million to construct and was placed on land donated by a local Baylor landowner. It opened under the name Baylor Stadium in 1950 with a game against Houston, won by Baylor 34–7. When finished the new stadium was the second largest football stadium in the state of Texas. [ citation needed ] Floyd Casey Stadium had a seating capacity of 50,000 and had undergone multiple renovations during its lifetime, most recently in 2009.

Prior to the Bears time at Floyd Casey Stadium, the Bears played at Municipal Stadium (1936–1949), Cotton Palace (1926–1929), on campus at Carroll Field (1906–1925 and 1930–1935). As of the 2012 season Carroll Field has been the only on-campus homefield for the Bears.

In the Fall of 2012, Baylor University began construction of a new $266 million stadium on the north bank of the Brazos River. The stadium opened for the 2014 football season with the first game taking place on August 31, 2014 against former Southwest Conference rival Southern Methodist University (SMU). [13] The new McLane Stadium was named after Drayton McLane, Jr. who donated a significant amount of money toward the stadium's construction. McLane Stadium is the largest construction project in the history of Waco and Central Texas, and has brought increased revenue to the downtown Waco area. Although McLane Stadium is smaller in capacity than its predecessor, Floyd Casey Stadium, it is expandable to up to 55,000 seats. [ citation needed ]

Simpson Athletics and Academic Center Edit

The Simpson Center was built in 2009 and provides a 97,000 foot facility to house football operations. The building also houses the 13,500 foot football weight room. The building is built in a classic collegiate style matching the red brick southern architectural style of the Baylor University campus and is over three stories tall. It houses the main athletic training room, football team locker room, equipment room, coach's locker room, and a large primary weight room. The Simpson Center also houses academic support rooms for studying and academic work. Equipment for sports and athletic rehabilitation include the new state of the art underwater treadmills built into the Simpson Center. [ citation needed ]

Jay and Jenny Allison Indoor Football Practice Facility Edit

The indoor practice facility is a full football field and A/C building that allows Baylor athletics to practice in all weather conditions year round. The Indoor facility was a gift from longtime Baylor letterwinner and successful businessman Jay Allison along with his wife Jenny. The new state of the art indoor field was designed to be a part of the Highers Athletic Complex and backs up to the Brazos river. The building was built in 2010 for an estimated cost of $15.4 million. [ citation needed ]

The Bears have finished in the final season rankings of the AP Poll or Coaches Poll 18 times. The AP Poll first appeared in 1934, and has been published continuously since 1936. The Coaches Poll began its ranking with 20 teams in 1950–51 season, but expanded to 25 teams beginning in the 1990–91 season. [14]

Season AP Rank Coaches Rank
1949 20 20
1950 16 15
1951 9 9
1954 18 -
1956 11 11
1960 12 11
1963 - 20
1974 14 14
1976 - 19
1979 14 15
1980 14 13
1985 17 15
1986 12 13
2011 13 12
2013 13 13
2014 7 8
2015 13 13
2019 13 12

A total of two Baylor coaches and eight Baylor players have been inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame to date.

College Football Hall of Fame inductees Edit

Player Position Tenure at Baylor Induction year
Morley Jennings Coach 1926–1940 1973
Barton Koch G 1928–1930 1974
Jim Ray Smith T 1950–1953 1987
Bill Glass DE 1954–1956 1985
Larry Elkins WR 1963–1964 1994
Mike Singletary LB 1977–1980 1995
Grant Teaff Coach 1972–1992 2001
Hayden Fry QB 1947–1950 2003
Thomas Everett FS 1985–1987 2006
Don Trull QB 1961–1963 2013

Pro Football Hall of Fame players Edit

Baylor has had four Heisman Trophy candidates, an award given to the best player in college football, with one candidate winning the trophy.

Year Player Place Votes
1951 Larry Isbell 7th 618
1963 Don Trull 4th 970
2011 Robert Griffin III 1st 1,687
2013 Bryce Petty 7th 127
2014 Bryce Petty 10th 14

Baylor Line Edit

The Baylor Line is one of the first aspects of Baylor spirit to which freshmen are introduced. The 'Baylor Line' is made entirely of freshmen and is the core of Baylor spirit and tradition. Students wear a gold football jersey with the number of their expected graduation year and a chosen nickname on the back.

Before each football game the Baylor Line gathers at one end of McLane Stadium and waits for the signal to make a 'mad dash' down the field to create a giant human tunnel through which the football team runs through to enter the stadium. Six members of the Baylor Line carry flags with the letters B-A-Y-L-O-R while the rest of the Line runs behind them. Afterwards students rush the sidelines and stand in an exclusive Baylor Line section behind the opponents' bench where students watch the game, cheer the Bears to another victory, and heckle the opposing team.

It began as an all-male organization until 1993, when women were allowed to join. At its inception the Baylor Line was a group of freshmen men who lined the front of Baylor's student section for the express purpose of protecting Baylor women from the other teams more violent fans.

The jersey colors of the Line were originally rotated between green in odd numbered years and gold in even numbered years through 1998 (class of 2002). This changed to green every year until around 2001, when in the interest of having a more substantial looking student section the decision was made to use gold every year. The green jerseys are now used for members of the Baylor University Chamber of Commerce who lead the Baylor Line in chants these jerseys have "CC" on the back instead of a graduation year.

Mascots Edit

Baylor keeps two American black bears, Joy and Lady, on campus in their natural habitat enclosure as mascots for the University. American black bears roamed the majority of Texas in considerable abundance when Baylor was founded in 1845, and bears could still be found throughout many areas of the state until the 1940s. The university has had live bears since 1915. The first live bear was a gift from Herbert Mayr, a local businessman who won the bear in a poker game from a member of the troops of the 107th Engineers, which was a unit of the 32nd Infantry Division stationed at Camp MacArthur in Waco. The soldiers were based in the city during World War I. The Bears are brought to the stadium by the Baylor Chamber spirit group on game days and they attend pre-game events and stay to be the living symbol of the University at the games. However, since 2010 the bears are no longer allowed at football games or other campus events on leashes. The USDA informed Baylor officials that they would no longer be permitted to bring the bears to games per Federal Code of Regulations 2.131(c)(1)which states "During public exhibition, any animal must be handled so there is minimal risk of harm to the animal and to the public, with sufficient distance and/or barriers between the animal and the general viewing public so as to assure the safety of the animals and the public."

Alma mater Edit

Before kickoff and after each games conclusion Baylor fans sing the University alma mater 'That Good Old Baylor Line' while holding their "Bear claws" [15] in the air. The tune is set to the 1949 classic "In the Good Old Summertime."

The traditional Baylor uniform worn for home games consists of a gold helmet with a green interlocking BU logo on the sides and green & white stripes down the middle, green jersey, and white or gold pants a white jersey is substituted for the green one for road games. In recent seasons, both a matte green helmet and a white helmet have been used as alternates to the gold helmet. Black jerseys as well as black or green pants have also been used giving the Bears multiple uniform combinations to choose from.

On August 11, 2014, the Baylor Bears won the online fan vote for college football's best uniform awarded by Sporting News Magazine.

In 2019, Baylor university updated their athletic marks across all sports, including football. This included an updated primary interlocking "BU" logo, as well as a new proprietary number font and alternate bear head logo. The football uniforms were updated with the new font for the numbers, primary logo on the helmet, and an inclusion of the bear head logo on the collar.


The mission of the BUIOH is:

"To foster a deepening understanding of the past by collecting, preserving, and sharing the historically significant memories of individuals according to the highest ethical and professional standards, to work with scholars across disciplines to design and execute innovative research projects, to equip community groups in their oral history endeavors, and to mentor students in the interdisciplinary field of oral history." [1]

First known as the Program for Oral History, the BUIOH was established in 1970 by Baylor University faculty members who recognized a shift in the historical profession, with increasing emphasis on nontraditional history. [4] Under the leadership of Thomas L. Charlton, the Program followed professional and ethical standards of oral history research established by the OHA. Its fundamental purpose was to collect oral history interviews, transcribe and edit them, and create finding aids for their use. The Program established a close working relationship with The Texas Collection archives division at Baylor University, which made the interviews available to researchers in accordance with legal agreements governing the use of each interview. In 1982, with the approval of President Herbert H. Reynolds, the Program for Oral History became the Baylor University Institute for Oral History and subsequently was authorized to broaden its research and professional scope. [5]

In 1992 Dr. Charlton became Baylor's Assistant Vice President for Academic Affairs and by summer 1993, his new administrative responsibilities increased to full-time. When Dr. Charlton resigned as director later that year, the opening coincided with the availability of Rebecca Sharpless, the Institute's former Assistant Director, and she then became the Institute's second director. [6] The Institute later that year moved from the basement of Tidwell Bible Building to the top floor of Carroll Library, overlooking the Burleson Quadrangle in the heart of the Baylor campus.

During the 1990s, the Institute developed a web site which included information about the Institute, Workshop on the Web, online oral history tutorial workshop, and a searchable database of abstracts of its oral history collection. [6] The Institute also assisted Baylor Libraries with the process of adding the oral history collection to the BearCat online catalog.

From 1995 through May 1999, the Institute served as headquarters for the Oral History Association, with Rebecca Sharpless serving as Executive Secretary. In the 1990s the Institute hosted three major organizations: the Oral History Association, Texas Oral History Association, and American Studies Association of Texas. [6] In 2003, Rebecca Sharpless began a three-year commitment to OHA culminating in her becoming the association's president in 2005-2006. [7]

At the end of July 2006, Rebecca Sharpless left Baylor to pursue a position at Texas Christian University. While the university conducted a national search for an Institute director, Lois E. Myers served as the Interim Director. [6] In August 2007, Baylor University announced Dr. Stephen Sloan as assistant professor in the Department of History and the new director of the Institute for Oral History. [8] Dr. Sloan then initiated efforts to guide the Institute fully into the digital age, toward the goal of providing online access to sound files and transcripts gathered since 1970.

Under the direction of Senior Editor Elinor Mazé, the Institute was able to include its collection finding aid within the Baylor University Library Digital Collections. Over the summer of 2008, Institute staff assessed the condition of its entire collection of analog sound recordings to prepare for ultimate digitization of open-reel and cassette tapes. During the 2008-2009 academic year, 350 memoir volumes comprising 50,500 typescript pages were digitized through the support of Baylor's Ray I. Riley Digitization Center. [8] By February 2009 users of the BUIOH collection were able to access transcripts via electronic document delivery. This marked the shift of the Institute to a full-service reference and research center, adding end-user assistance to its collecting, processing, teaching, studying, and publishing activities.

In 1982, Dr. Charlton became the founding president of the Texas Oral History Association (TOHA), choosing as its headquarters Baylor University, where it remains today. Rebecca Sharpless served as TOHA's first secretary-treasurer (1982–1987), and Lois Myers has held this position since. [5] Since 1984, TOHA has sponsored program sessions in conjunction with the annual meetings of the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). The meetings are held during the first week of March, commemorating Texas Independence Day. During the TOHA session, two or three oral history researchers present scholarly papers on topics related to the history and culture of Texas. TOHA also now holds an annual conference every April which showcases oral history research on Texas topics. [9] In addition, there is also an annual publication, Sound Historian, first published in 1993, that highlights oral history research in multidisciplinary topics. Articles appearing in the journal are chosen for their quality by an editorial board of experienced Texas oral historians. [10]

TOHA bestows four separate awards to deserving oral history practitioners/organizations: [11]

  • The Thomas L. Charlton Lifetime Achievement Award
  • The Mary Faye Barnes Award for Excellence for Community History Projects
  • The W. Stewart Caffey Award for Excellence for Precollegiate Teaching
  • The Kenneth E. Hendrickson Jr. Best Article Award

TOHA is an affiliate of the OHA. [12]

Project families Edit

Over the years BUIOH has amassed a series of major project headings under which most new work is organized. These project families are:

  • Arts & Culture
  • Baylor University
  • Bob Bullock
  • Education
  • Family Life & Community History
  • Historic Preservation
  • Religion & Culture
  • Special
  • Texas Baptist
  • Texas Judicial
  • Waco & McLennan County

Current projects Edit

Among many others BUIOH is actively working on two major grant-funded projects:

For the Greater Good: Philanthropy in Waco - Made possible through the generosity of the Cooper Foundation, this project focuses on interviews with philanthropists past and present in Waco's history to better understand the spirit of giving. A web portal will be published in Summer 2013 providing biographies, sound bytes and the details of the charitable impact of project participants.

Texas Liberators of WWII Concentration Camps - Made possible through a grant from the Texas Holocaust and Genocide Commission, this project seeks to tell the stories of Texas World War II veterans who personally participated in the liberation of Nazi concentration camps. Twenty video interviews are planned, with resulting materials disseminated to the Commission for use in online presentations beginning in the Spring of 2013.

Waco History - Through joint collaboration with Baylor's "The Texas Collection," the Institute was able to create a resource for users to explore the legacy of Waco, Texas. Inspired by other projects using the software Curatescape, creators formed a mobile app and website that allows users to observe locations, people, and events within Waco through an interactive map. The project was launched in the spring of 2015. [13]

In 1971, Dr. Charlton received a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities to develop undergraduate and graduate curriculum offerings in oral history. [4] The graduate seminar in oral history was first offered in the early 1970s and continues to through the present. Students are allowed to create a topic of investigation and conduct primary interviews while receiving instruction on the history, theory, proper procedure and technology of the profession.

Throughout the decades the directors and staff of the BUIOH have participated in workshops throughout Texas and beyond. Ranging from academic symposia to community Q&A sessions, these efforts help to educate individuals on the best practices in the profession as well as inform others of the work of the BUIOH. Beginning in the mid-1990s the Institute began compiling the materials from these efforts and published Workshop on the Web, an extension of the BUIOH website aimed at providing easy access to tutorials on a variety of oral history related topics.

In July 2009, BUIOH conducted its first online workshop, Getting Started with Oral History. Fifteen oral history newcomers hailing from Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Georgia, Florida, Arizona, and Texas took part in the two-session interactive workshop. [8] Participants are able to listen to the BUIOH staff explain key areas of oral history while viewing multimedia presentations on the topics. Practice project assignments are ascribed and Q&A sessions held after each session. BUIOH has since offered its workshop online twice a year and has serviced a total of 117 participants to date from five countries.

Active grants Edit

BUIOH offers three active fellowships/grants to help enable local oral history projects: [14]

  • Faculty Research Fellowship - Baylor University faculty scholars interested in creating oral history memoirs in their area of interest may apply - provides a stipend as well as training, equipment, processing, and preservation support for faculty interview projects.
  • Community Oral History Grant - Texas nonprofit organizations may apply - provides financial support plus guidance in developing, conducting, processing, and presenting oral history projects created by the organization.
  • Charlton Oral History Research Grant - Partners the Institute with individual scholars who are conducting interviews of historical significance. The Institute helps to fund the interviews and provides processing, transcribing, and preservation for the project. This grant encourages the scholarship of advanced oral historians whose research could bring new insights to topics that have received little or no oral history application.

Past grants Edit

In 2000, the Institute offered its first Visiting Research Fellowship which brought scholars to campus for two weeks each year to study materials in Baylor's oral history collection. From 2000 through 2011, the fellowship contributed to the scholarship of eleven outstanding historians. Ph.D. candidates and seasoned scholars alike have benefited from researching the diverse topics in the collection, including interviews on rural life, southern culture and religion, Western swing music, economics and politics, Baptist fundamentalism, the civil rights movement, and public education.

In 1987, the Institute produced a PBS radio program entitled "Lincolnville at Moccasin Bend: Black Families on the Texas Frontier," based on interviews conducted in Coryell County, Texas. In 1989, the Institute invited filmmakers Allen and Cynthia Mondell to participate in Baylor's Distinguished Lecturers Series so that they could discuss their documentary films on the JFK assassination. In 1990, the Institute sponsored a public lecture on oral history and popular media, presented by documentary filmmaker Allen E. Tullos. With funding from the Cooper Foundation, the Institute presented to the public in 1991 its television production Crossroads, which discussed the interplay between the land and people that formed the history and culture of Waco, Texas. Crossroads appeared on public television and on the local Waco community cable access station. [5]

In August 2010, BUIOH launched a weekly radio program, Living Stories, based on its oral history collection. Airing on KWBU-FM 103.3 in Waco four times on Tuesdays, the radio segment topics range from the effects that momentous events such as the Great Depression, World War II, and the Korean War had on individuals, to memories of school days, holidays, leisure activities, and daily life. [15] The creator of the series, BUIOH editor Michelle Holland, also built an add-on web presence to the BUIOH site in order to archive the programs and allow users to read about and listen to the complete library of clips. [16]

An overall treatise on oral history techniques with particular focus on the history of the profession in Texas and resources available in the state. Developed and published in conjunction with the Texas Historical Commission.

Essays by noted oral historians on the craft and art of interviewing in interdisciplinary settings.

Essays on the psychology of memory and its impact on oral history.

An exploration of the persistence of the rural church in Central Texas through oral history and photography.

Essays on the theoretical foundations and practical applications of our craft from eighteen prominent oral historians.

Designed for the advanced student and experienced oral historian, these essays present the essentials of oral history, conceptualized with theory, informed by historiography, and stimulated by new field methods.

Prominent oral historians present theories on memory, communication, narrative, life course, and gender that contribute to the analysis and understanding of oral history and raise issues to consider when preparing to share oral history outcomes through print publications, biography, performance, and audio or film/video documentaries.

10 Fun Facts about Baylor

If you’re applying to college and you’re headed down south, make sure to check out Baylor University. Filled with history and pride, Baylor is home to one of the top schools in Texas. Here are just a few fun facts about Baylor University:

1. Baylor was actually chartered when the state of Texas was still a republic! The Texas Baptist Education Society petitioned the Congress of the Republic of Texas for a new university. The then Republic President Anson Jones approved the petition on Feb. 1, 1845, officially establishing Baylor University.

2. For 41 years, Baylor and Waco University were two different schools. However, in 1886, the two schools consolidated to form Baylor University at Waco.

3. Baylor University is the oldest university in the state of Texas still operating.

4. In 1914, after 70 years without an official mascot, Baylor students voted to name the Bear the official “Patron Saint of all Baylordom.” The bear was chosen over plenty of other animals, including the buffalo, eagle, antelope, and bookworm.

5. Speaking of mascots, Baylor University has an actual zoo on campus where they house their two mascots: North American black bears named Joy and Lady.

6. Baylor University students celebrate “Dr Pepper Hour” with free Dr Pepper floats every Tuesday. Initially, the day was affiliated with Coke until Dr Pepper became the school’s official soft drink in 1997.

7. In the short 17 year league history, Baylor has won a combined 65 Big 12 Conference championships (41 regular season, 24 tournament) among sports teams.

8. PayPal, The Office, and puppets all converge at Baylor. The current CFO of PayPal John D. Rainey, Emmy Award winner Angela Kinsey from The Office, and ventriloquist comedian Jeff Dunham all are Baylor alumni.

9. Prior to each home football game, the Baylor Line gathers at one end of McLane Stadium and runs onto the field to create a human tunnel to welcome the football team to the stadium.

10. The first campus chapter established by Habitat for Humanity was founded at Baylor. Campus chapters help to reach communities across the country, led and organized by student members of Habitat for Humanity.

Are you looking to apply to Baylor or just starting to build out your college list? Make sure to search through profiles of students accepted to see essays, stats, and advice. See how they got in, and how you can too!

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