1955: American actor James Dean dies in a traffic accident in California at age 24.
1946: The Nuremberg International Military Tribunal in Germany declares 22 Nazi leaders guilty of war crimes and sentences 12 to death for "crimes against humanity".
1938: During the night, Hitler, Mussolini and the two English and French Prime Ministers, Chamberlain and Daladier, sign the Munich agreements on the status of Czechoslovakia.
1864: During a meeting at Saint Martin's Hall in London, European workers' leaders found the International Association of Workers (AIT) or "Workers' international premiere".
- 48: The Roman general Pompey, rival of Caesar, is assassinated by the men of Pharaoh Ptolemy XIII, husband of Cleopatra.