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1978: Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, invited by United States President Jimmy Carter sign a peace agreement at Camp David.
1948: Appointed by the UN as mediator between the Arab countries and the young state of Israel, the Swedish Count Bernadotte is assassinated by Jewish terrorists in West Jerusalem. In February 1945, he had succeeded in freeing 30,000 prisoners from German concentration camps.
1939: Under the German-Soviet pact signed a few weeks earlier, the russian invade Poland.
1822: French EgyptologistJean-Francois Champollion presents to the Academy of Inscriptions and Belles-Letters in Paris his thesis on Egyptian writing, unveiling the mysteries of hieroglyphics.