1943: An SS commando frees Mussolini, imprisoned in Abruzzo since July.
1940: Four young people from Périgord discover the Lascaux cave near Montignac.
1914 : French victory on the Marne. The battle, which lasted seven days, marked the end of the advance of German troops.
1789: The revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat founds the newspaper "l'Ami du peuple".
1683: A Kahlenberg, near Vienna, the Ottoman army of the Grand Vizier Kara Mustapha was routed by the King of Poland, Jean Sobieski.
1494: François d'Angoulême, future François I, is born in Cognac.