1940: Beginning of Blitz : the Luftwaffe abandons military targets and begins its first intensive aerial bombardments on civilians, concentrating its attacks on London.
1822: The future emperor Peter I proclaims thebrazilian independence.
1812: Campaign in Russia: winner at the battle of the moskva, Napoleon will enter a Moscow emptied of its inhabitants and ravaged by fires.
1303: Guillaume de Nogaret, envoy of the King of France Philippe IV le Bel, tries to have Pope Boniface VIII deposed in Agnagni.
1254 : Saint Louis and his army entered Paris on September 7, 1254 after six years of crusade.