1939: German armed forces invade Poland, following a false border incident orchestrated by the SS. The European component of the second World War has just started.
1923: One earthquake catastrophic ravages the Tokyo-Yokohama region in Japan. Almost three quarters of the capital are destroyed and there are more than 100,000 dead.
1715 : Louis XIV died at the Palace of Versailles after 72 years of reign. He leaves to his heir (his great-grandson) a powerful kingdom but also weakened by decades of war.