1962: Failure of thePetit-Clamart against de Gaulle.
1914: French defeat in the first battle of the bulge.
1812: Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt discovers the ancient city of Petra (in present-day Jordan), located at the bottom of a gorge.
1485: At the Battle of Bosworth, Richard III (of the House of York) is killed, and the victor, Henri tudor (of the House of Lancaster) is crowned King of England under the name of Henry VII. This battle ends the War of the Roses (1455-85).