1966: Beginning of Cultural revolution Chinese: Thousands of "red guards", the majority of them students, march by holding up Mao Zedong's "Little Red Book".
1892: Signature of a Franco-Russian military agreement, which brings the two countries out of their diplomatic isolation.
1850 : Balzac died in Paris, in the rue Fortunée which now bears his name.
1572: To attempt a reconciliation between Protestants and Catholics, Jeanne d'Albret and Catherine de Medici decide to marry their children, Henri de Navarre and Marguerite de Valois.
1227: Death of the Mongol leader Genghis khan.