1945: The Potsdam conference ends by having sealed the fate of Germany: it is separated from Austria, loses part of its territory in the east to Poland and the USSR, and finally, it is divided into three zones of occupation.
1939 : Albert Einstein co-signed with physicists Leo Szilard, Edward Teller and Eugen Wigner, a letter to President Roosevelt explaining the risks Nazi Germany would pose if it held theatomic weapon.
1802 : Napoleon Bonaparte, at the height of his popularity, was elected consul for life.
-216 : Battle of Cannes (Italy). The Carthaginian general Hannibal wins a crushing victory over the Romans.