1936: Adolf Hitler opens the Olympic Games in Berlin.
1914: Germany declares war on Russia, while France orders general mobilization.
1798: In the harbor ofAboukir (Egypt), the French fleet commanded by Admiral Brueys d'Aigaïlliers was defeated by the British fleet under the orders of Admiral Nelson.
1785: La Pérouse embarks in Brest for a world tour commissioned by Louis XVI.
1589 : Henry III dies stabbed by a fanatic monk, Jacques Clément.