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1963: Visiting West Berlin, John F. Kennedy declares during a speech in Rudolph Wilde Square: "Ich bin ein Berliner" (I am a Berliner). With this famous phrase, Kennedy reiterates his support and that of the Americans for the West Germans.
1945: Fifty-one States united in San Francisco (California), sign the Charter of the United Nations (future UN).
1794: French Revolution: the French of the Army of the North, under the orders of General Jourdan win a decisive victory over the Austrians of the Prince of Saxe-Coburg in Fleurus.
1541: The Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro is assassinated in Lima (Peru), by the friends of his rival and former partner, Diego de Almagro, whom he had executed in 1538.