1974 : Valéry Giscard d'Estaing is elected President of the Republic with 50.8% against 49.2% to the socialist candidate François Mitterrand.
1935: British officer and writer Thomas Edward Lawrence, 47, dies from a motorcycle accident.
1802: The First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte creates by decree the Order of the Legion of Honor to reward civil and military actions.
1643: During the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648), the French commanded by the Grand Condé won a decisive victory over the Spaniards at the battle ofRocroi (Ardennes).
1536: The King of England, Henry VIII Tudor, has his wife beheaded Anne Boylen.