1920 : Jeanne D'Arc is recognized by the Church as Holy.
1843: During the conquest of Algeria, a squadron of 500 men commanded by the Duke of Aumale seizes the smala of the Emir Abd el-Kader.
1770: Marie-Antoinette, daughter of Emperor François I of Lorraine and Marie-Thérèse of Austria, and the Dauphin Louis, grandson of Louis XV, get married in Versailles.
1717 : Voltaire, whose satirical writings attack the private life of Philippe d'Orléans, is sent to the Bastille for insulting the Regent.
1703: The Tsar Peter I the Great founded a new capital under the name of St-Petersburg.