1885: In Berlin, the European powers share theAfrica.
1806: French architect Jean-François Chalgrin begins work on thetriumphal arch de l'Etoile commissioned by Napoleon I in honor of the Grande Armée.
1790: Creation of 83 departments in France by the constituent assembly.
1531: An earthquake in Portugal killed tens of thousands and destroyed much of Lisbon and other cities.
1266 : Charles I of Anjou wins over Manfred de Hohenstaufen the battle of Benevento, and seizes the kingdom of Sicily.