1945: Beginning of the battle ofIwo jima, in the Pacific.
1932: Subject of conflicts between China, Japan and the USSR, the Manchuria is proclaimed an independent state by Japan.
1871 : Belfort, who continued to resist despite the French surrender, surrendered to the German troops. The city will gain the status of department.
1712: The Dolphin Louis of France, grandson of King Louis XIV, heir to the crown since his father's death on April 14, 1711, died in Versailles, struck by the measles epidemic.
1563: While besieging the city of Orleans, the Duke of Guise, known as "the Balafré", is assassinated by a Protestant.
1546: Death of the religious reformer Martin Luther.