1896: Outraged by the Dreyfus affair, the Hungarian Jew Theodor Herzl publishes "lJewish state", a book that advocates the establishment of an independent Jewish territory in Palestine.
1794: The French navy adopts the tricolor flag, at the instigation of the Convention.
1564: Birth of Galilei, who will develop the astronomical telescope that bears his name. He discovered the stars, observed the rings of Saturn, the rotation of the sun and the Earth ...
1113: Shortly after the capture of Jerusalem by the Crusaders, Pope Paschal II recognizes theOrder of Hospitallers of Saint John of Jerusalem and places it under the protection of the Holy See.