1945: Creation of theUnesco, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
1920: End of the civil war in Russia, after the defeat of the last "white" army, which marks the victory of the Bolsheviks of Lenin.
1700: Louis XIV designates his grandsons, future Philip V, King of Spain. The war of succession begins.
-414: The Athenian army commanded by the strategist Nicias is routed in Sicily. Weakened, Athens will lose the war against Sparta.