1927 : Leon Trotsky is excluded from the Soviet Communist Party by Stalin. Deported and then expelled from the USSR, he was assassinated in Mexico in 1941.
1908: Descendant of a Manchu dynasty, Puyi becomes Emperor of China. He will be the last, abdicating in 1912 during the proclamation of the republic.
1889: Independent since 1822, Brazil becomes a republic.
1796: Bonaparte wins the victory over the Austrians at the Battle of Pont d'Arcole.
1533: Taking of Cuzco by the Spaniards of Franscico Pizarro. Sacked, the capital of the Incas will become Lima, capital of Peru.