Faton editions are publishing two issues of the journal les Archeology files. The first, a special issue, is devoted to prehistory and the second, a classic issue, offers an overview of naval archeology. Two issues for two very different subjects but which always benefit from the concern for rigor and clarity characteristic of the journal.
Ports and ships in Antiquity and the Byzantine era
This issue offers us an overview of recent discoveries on the subject of naval archeology. Patrice Pomey (coordinator of the issue) recalls from the introduction that naval archeology does not only concern underwater excavations: many major discoveries have been made in recent years “in the land environment following major developments”. This issue deals with discoveries linked to the subject in the Mediterranean region and even beyond (in particular the English Channel and the Red Sea) with broad chronological boundaries (16th century BC to 11th century AD). This issue highlights the regional and historical differences in construction methods as well as the great diversity of boats from this period. Recent discoveries have made it possible to discover types of ships which had until then been known only by texts or even completely ignored.
The numerous reconstructions and illustrations allow neophytes to better understand the authors' texts. Articles or only parts are devoted to experimental archeology and to the many life-size reconstructions of ships today. We will not list the articles in this issue (the summary is available on the publisher's website) but draw your attention to a number of notable articles. Pierre Talet's article "The Egyptians and the Red Sea" sheds light on a whole section of Egyptian history which was eclipsed by the importance of the Nile: the Egyptians were also sailors who knew how to profit from the mines of Sinai . The article "Sailing in the English Channel 3500 years ago" by Peter Clark - Anne Lehoërff highlights the very ancient navigation in this region thanks to the discovery in Dover, in Kent, of one of the oldest seagoing ships in Europe . Finally we will point out the clarity and the quality of two articles dedicated to two major discoveries of the last ten years on the Rhône barges discovered in Arles and in particular the Arles-Rhône 3 barge of Sabrina Marlier and the one on "the port of Théodose et the 37 Yenikapi wrecks in Istanbul ”from Ufuk Kocabas. It is regrettable, however, that no article is devoted to the wrecks discovered in Lyon on the Place Saint-Georges.
In the end, a successful issue presenting the latest discoveries in naval archeology.
Ports and ships in Antiquity and the Byzantine era. Archeology files. N ° 364 - July / August 2014
The man of Tautavel
This issue will particularly delight protohistorians. Richly illustrated and complete on the subject, this special edition coordinated by Henry de Lumley fulfills the specifications of this review and even goes beyond: it offers a real synthesis on the man of Tautavel and does not juxtapose the specialized articles. on this or that aspect. The number is closer to the summary than to the classic journal. Many themes are addressed such as the history of the natural environment in prehistoric times, technological advances and practices (habitat, hunting, cannibalism). Some parts will develop certain methodological or historiographical points. Boxes punctuate the issue and provide insight into certain additional points such as the one entitled "The birth of homo erectus" or "The bifaces, clues to new cognitive capacities? ". The desire to be as accessible as possible is evident throughout this issue. Each section benefits from a succinct lexicon and the numerous graphics, photographs and reconstructions pleasantly complete the reading. Certain parts may nevertheless remain obscure to the uninitiated reader.
This issue of Archeology files devoted to the man of Tautavel is in any case recommended to all those interested in the subject for its seriousness, its iconography and its desire for accessibility.
The man of Tautavel Archeology files. Special issue, N ° 26, June 2014