A recent discipline, Gallic numismatics remains to a large extent an enigma. Largely unknown until the 1950s, it was not until the work of Jean-Baptiste Colbert de Beaulieu that the Gallic currency was no longer considered exotic and interesting mainly for its aesthetic characteristics. The number 360 of Archeology files entitled " Gallic coins, origin, manufacture, use »Allows the general public to discover a new facet of national antiquities.
Numismatics is a demanding discipline with its vocabulary and methods. The Archeology files have achieved the feat of addressing a diverse audience while not renouncing the language and methods specific to the discipline. The neophyte may be a bit lost here or there, but Sylvia Nieto-Pelletier's first articles and the glossary allow him not to be too lost while reading this issue. We must salute the rich iconography of very good quality of the dossier accompanying the numerous articles.
This very dense file is made up of many very diverse and complementary articles and the history, the symbolism or the archaeological context are treated in turn. It is not only the Gauls who are treated. Brittany and Iberia also benefit from significant lighting. Throughout the file two types of articles follow one another: those which summarize one or another aspect of Gallic coins (the distribution of coins or the use of coins for example) and those on more precise subjects, including a certain many allow, beyond the local case, to generalize local findings to a larger space. The complementarity between the articles is quite high and the references to other articles in the dossier quite numerous. The numerous scientific uncertainties are clearly exposed allowing once again the reader to take the measure of the current infancy and the important renewal of the sciences of Antiquity at the present time, of which numismatics is not isolated. The study of money also allows the Gallic world to emerge from a certain “primitivism” which is still too widespread today. As usual, the articles are accompanied by a solid bibliography on the subject.
A new successful issue on a subject in full renewal. Accessible to a large extent to a wide audience, some articles remain rather arid for an uninitiated readership. They place the Gallic coins in the Mediterranean context and show on numerous occasions that the coins were more diffused than what one had believed and that they met real needs even if some of these are still obscure today. hui.
Gallic coins, origin, manufacture, use. Archeology files n ° 360, November-December 2013, at newsstands and by subscription.