France 5 offers Sundays January 14, 21 and 28 in "The Cabin of the Century", a documentary series entitled The day the South won its freedom, in three parts: L'Indochine (January 14), Algeria (January 21) and French Africa (January 28). Three highlights of decolonization.
Between 1954 and 1962, three decisive days marked the modern history of France, three days in which the fate of the French Empire was played out. In Indochina, in Algeria and French Africa, the countries long colonized by France obtain their independence. Through intense negotiations marked by acute suspense, at the end of deadly armed confrontations, the face of the world changes and, beyond the peace negotiations, the balance of power that will punctuate contemporary history is coming into play. square.
In three breathtaking films, the trilogy “The Day the South won its freedom” reconstructs those decisive hours when the fate of the world changed.
IndochinaAired on January 14 at 10:40 p.m.
On June 17, 1954, Pierre Mendès-France, new President of the Council, announces that he is giving himself thirty days to put an end to the Indochina war that France has been waging for 10 years to fight the Viêtminh, a communist movement led by Ho- Chi-Minh, failing which he will resign. In May, the expeditionary force suffered a crushing defeat at Dien-Bien-Phu.
In a world dominated by the Cold War between the West and the Communist bloc, Mendes France has one month to negotiate an honorable peace and organize the return of stability in the region.
AlgeriaAired on January 21 at 10:40 p.m.
On March 19, 1962 in Evian, French and Algerian negotiators signed the cease-fire agreement which put an end to the fighting between the French army and the guerrillas of the FLN. In principle, it is the end of a terrible war, which lasted eight years and left hundreds of thousands of deaths. But these agreements are not peace. Behind the clash between the separatists and the colonial power, lie two other conflicts which pit the French against each other and the Algerians against other Algerians.
Despite the signed agreement, this war will continue for months on end, at the cost of senseless violence. On that day, March 19, 1962, when the fighting stopped in Algeria, the great heartbreak that marked the history of the two countries began.
French AfricaAired on January 28 at 10:40 p.m.
On August 20, 1960, in Dakar, Léopold Sédar Senghor proclaimed the independence of Senegal. Whoever will become its first president negotiated the emancipation of the country with General de Gaulle. In quick succession, most of the former African colonies of France - Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, Guinea, Togo, Niger, Congo, Oubangui-Chari, Cameroon or Gabon - declare themselves, they too are independent. Officially, it's a day of liberation. In fact, French-speaking Africa immediately fell back into a new form of dependence which left it under the tight control of the former metropolis and of General de Gaulle's main collaborator on African affairs: Jacques Foccart.
On that day, a secret story begins, with its series of behind-the-scenes actions, assassinations and military interventions, which have kept France in influence until today. From that day, French Africa becomes Françafrique.