On February 17, 1871, Adolphe Thiers became head of the executive power of the Republic born from the fall of the Second Empire. Indeed its first assembly (elected on February 8, 1871) only included a minority of Republicans. The majority there is openly monarchist (although it is divided between legitimists and Orleanists) and its new president remains a supporter of the Orleans.
Many believe that once peace has been negotiated with the Germans, we will witness a gradual restoration and a return to monarchical order. Yet the third republic, an improvised regime which began in a dramatic climate (the war against the Germans, then the Commune) will last 70 years, a record in the history of France since 1789.