Chronologies

Chronologies


The chronological history of France and the world, from the origins of humanity to the present day: simplified or detailed chronological lists of major events, dynasties, rulers ...

The kings of france are inseparable from the history of our country. Originally feudal, becoming absolute and then constitutional, the monarchy in France has indeed experienced exceptional longevity and relative continuity. Its hereditary and sacred character made the king in France the central figure in political life and the pivot of society. Thus, for fifteen centuries, a long line of Merovingian, Carolingian, Capetian, Valois and Bourbons rulers succeeded one another on the throne and shaped the history of France in a lasting way, from Clovis to Louis-Philippe.


The Kings of France - List and Chronology


The kings of france are inseparable from the history of our country. Thus, for fifteen centuries, a long line of Merovingian, Carolingian, Capetian, Valois and Bourbons rulers succeeded each other on the throne and shaped the history of France in a lasting way, from Clovis to Louis-Philippe.


The Kings of France - List and Chronology

Between 1562 and 1598, the kingdom of France was torn apart by incessant civil wars, punctuated by brief periods of peace, between Protestants and Catholics. Although there are traditionally eight Wars of Religion, the latter are more like a long and unique conflict of thirty-five years. Peace will not be restored until 1598, the date of the promulgation of the Edict of Nantes (April 13) by Henry IV.


Chronology of the Wars of Religion in France

This chronology of the history of France covers 2,000 years of history. It begins with Roman Gaul, the ancestor of France. It will take more than a millennium, between the 5th and 16th centuries, for France to acquire its name, its geographical cohesion and the awareness of its inhabitants to belong to a nation.


Chronology of the history of France

Although essentially European, the First World War (1914-1918) was the first conflict to take place on an international and "industrial" scale. Triggered on July 28, 1914 under the pretext of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, its causes are as much political as economic. Designed to be brief, it will ultimately last more than four years, killing 18 million (civilians and soldiers). At its conclusion the November 11, 1918, the War of 14-18 will leave the European continent permanently weakened and will sow the seeds of the following world conflict.


World War I - Timeline of the War of 14 18

The crusades were military expeditions organized by Western Christians to liberate the Holy Land and the tomb of christ in Jerusalem, then under Muslim rule. Sometimes diverted from their initial objective, these crusades will last more than two centuries. Great feudal lords and European monarchs, such as Richard the Lionheart, Frédéric Barberousse or Philippe Auguste, will be illustrated there with more or less success. On the military level, the great epic of the crusades will end in failure. By attacking the Muslim world, until then tolerant of Christians, the Crusades would revive the idea of ​​holy war and the spirit of revenge, which would later be exploited by the Ottomans.


Crusades - Dates and Chronology (1095-1291)

LHundred Years War is a dynastic conflict that opposed the kings of France and England for more than a century at the end of the Middle Ages. Although its origins date back to the 12th century with the marriage of Henri Plantagenêt and Eleanor of Aquitaine, it is the death of Charles IV without a male heir that provokes hostilities. Discarded from the succession to the throne of France, the King of England Edward III started a war in 1337 which would continue until 1453, in an alternation of armed conflicts and periods of peace. The Hundred Years War is famous not only for its duration, but also because it marked an important stage in the construction of the national identities of the two countries. In addition, it was made of famous battles, fought by historical figures who have become for some mythical, such as Joan of Arc.


Hundred Years' War (1337-1453) - Origins and Chronology

The Algerian War, long called "the events of Algeria", traditionally begins on November 1, 1954, to end with the Evian agreements, on March 18, 1962. This violent conflict which opposed France and the Algerian nationalists for eight years resulted in Algerian independence and the departure of almost all of the Algerian “black feet”. To have a more precise vision of this complex and still painful conflict in the history of France, we must broaden the chronological framework, and try to go back to the origins a little.


Algerian War: Chronology and dates

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