The invention of the water mill (-200)

The invention of the water mill (-200)

The exact origin of the water Mill but it is highly probable that the latter is the result of improvements made to the noria used in the Near East for irrigation.

Archi-Mede's reflections on gears in the 3rd century BC heralded the manufacture of the drive mechanisms which came to equip the first water mills, in particular those of Greece from the 1st century BC, long before the appearance of windmills. The device remains rudimentary: a vertical wooden paddle wheel whose shaft is directly connected to a grinding wheel turns on another stationary grinding wheel. The water mill really took off in the 11th century.


Video: The Water Mill