The history of art

The main sculptures made by man, from small rudimentary figurines carved in stone or bone from prehistoric times to the busts of the main contemporary leaders.

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Discovered around 1901 in Mesopotamia, the Hammurabi code stele is one of the pride of the Department of Oriental Antiquities at the Louvre today. This block of black diorite more than two meters high represents on its upper part, Shamash, the sun god, presenting to Hammurabi a ring symbolizing the legislative power. Underneath is engraved a long collection of royal sentences considered exemplary, the “code of Hammurabi”, the oldest legal corpus known in its entirety.

“There is no doubt that of all modern and ancient works, Greek or Roman, the David by Michelangelo wins the prize. Once you have seen it, it becomes unnecessary to look at another sculpture or the work of another artist. " This is how Vasari spoke of the masterpiece sculpted from 1501 to 1504 by the illustrious Michelangelo, a work inspired by the Bible and antiquity to better exalt the civic virtues of the Florentine Republic.

The Venus of Milo is a marble statue from Paros which represents the goddess Aphrodite. A masterpiece of the Hellenistic period, this is one of the most famous Greek sculptures. The incredible conditions of its discovery were almost fatal. Exhibited for the first time at the Louvre in 1821, its beauty as well as its missing limbs have consecrated its fame throughout the world.

Found in the House of the Faun in Pompeii, where she decorated the floor of a small room, the mosaic of the battle of Issos is now kept in the Naples Museum. A magnificent work, it has also become a classic in the teaching of art history for the Sixths, as part of the study of Alexander the Great, because it features the King of Macedonia and his more famous enemy, Darius, while showing the weapons used by the Greek, and which led to his victory.

Very speaking, this tomb to the glory of Vendée chef was paradoxically made in the 19th century by the descendant of one of his enemies. As a sign of reconciliation It was under the hammer blows of the son of a Republican soldier that this block of marble was transformed into the apotheosis of the royalist general and, through him, into an exaltation of kindness and triumphant humanism!

The Great Sphinx of Tanis welcomes you at the entrance to the Egyptian Antiquities department created at Louvre Museum, in 1826 by Charles X. This imposing statue of pink granite, weighing twelve tons, measuring four meters eighty in length, one meter fifty in width and one meter eighty high was found among the ruins of the temple of Amun -Rê in Tanis, may be the capital of Lower Egypt, east of the Nile Delta, following the deciphering of hieroglyphics by Champollion in 1822.

Video: Heres Where the Marble for Classic Sculptures Comes From