End of the 19th century

End of the 19th century

The great battles of history

Gettysburg, Sadowa, Sedan, the Spanish-American War: the great battles of the 19th century.

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In popular culture, the battle of Frœschwiller-Woerth is known as "battle of reichshoffen ", From the name of the famous so-called" Reichshoffen "cuirassiers who heroically sacrificed themselves August 6, 1870 during unnecessary charges against a much more numerous and powerfully armed enemy, during the Franco-Prusian war of 1870. The French commanded by Marshal Mac Mahon are defeated and the Prussian troops seize Alsace and Lorraine.

The battle of Camerone is a founding episode in the Foreign Legion, which celebrates this French version "Fort Alamo" every year. In 1862, France came to the aid of Emperor Maximilian, which she imposed on the throne of Mexico. On April 30, 1863, a detachment of about sixty legionaries distinguished themselves in Camerone by standing up to 2,000 Mexicans. This minor event in history in the context of the Mexican expedition launched by Napoleon III allows us to understand how it was essentialized by the Legion to the point of becoming the keystone of its tradition.

On January 22, 1879, the all-powerful Victorian England suffered, at the foot of a mountain in South Africa, one of the most complete and humiliating military defeats of its history during the Battle of Isandlwana. British during what the Battle of Little Bighorn was in the United States of America, this defeat was inflicted on a United Kingdom sure of its strength and superiority by warriors armed mostly with spears and hide shields. of animals: the Zulus. In the aftermath of Nelson Mandela's disappearance, we take a look back at a South African history marked by migration and confrontation.

The Battle of Gettysburg, which took place July 1-3, 1863 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, is considered the turning point of the Civil War (1861-1865). The northerners won a costly but decisive victory on the battlefield over the southerners, who came out of it permanently weakened and could never resume the offensive.


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