The great battles of history
Marignan, Lépante, Invincible Armada, Rocroi, Vienne, Boyne, Blenheim, Poltava, Fontenoy, Plassey, Quebec, Yorktown ...
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The battle of valmy is the first military victory of the French revolutionary army, won against an Austro-Prussian army (reinforced by French emigres) on September 20, 1792. Against all expectations, after a strong cannonade, a beautiful harangue by Kellermann near the famous mill of Valmy, a few brief skirmishes and a demonstration of the Prussian infantry which did not shake the resolution of the French lines, the allies withdrew from the battlefield. Valmy will become a founding symbol, the first victory of revolutionary France against the coalition of European monarchies.
The battle of Marignan is a famous victory won by Francis I on an army of Swiss mercenaries in the north of Italy, September 13 and 14, 1515. This military success will bring to the young king of France, knighted knight on the battlefield by the lord of Bayard, a great popularity and a flattering reputation for bravery. 1515 is one of the dates most remembered by the French when it comes to history, sometimes adding Marignan. However, this battle deserves to be better known and put into context, also too little known: the wars in Italy. An epic that opened France to the wonders of Italy and to the Renaissance.
Thebattle of Rocroi is a decisive French victory won by the young Duke of Enghien, future Prince of Condé, over the Spanish armies on May 18 and 19, 1643, in front of the stronghold of Rocroi. Philippe IV of Spain, wanting to exploit the disappearance of Richelieu planned to invade the latter. The 26,000-strong Spanish armies of the Netherlands laid siege to Rocroi on May 10, in order to invest the place before marching on Paris. The French armies under the command of the Duke of Enghien, undertook successfully to free the besieged city. The Spanish infantry lost their reputation for invincibility in this battle, the impact of which was enormous.
The War of the Spanish Succession has been raging since 1704, but will end with the last great French victory, on July 24, 1712 during the battle of denain. A simple fight in four to five hours of time, a model of strategy admired in military schools, which had considerable results: this victory finally allows the signing of the peace treaty of Utrecht in April 1713 and draws the northern border of France, as it is more or less now.
Among the great victories between the House of Bourbons and that of the Habsburgs and in the clash between the French and the English, the battle of Fontenoy is the most famous, which has become popular thanks to the phrase “Gentlemen, the English, shoot first! ". On May 6, 1745, King Louis XV left Versailles with the Dauphin and took the direction of Tournai to witness the city's capitulation, accompanied by a procession of 1000 people stretching over more than two kms… he made a stop in the small village of Fontenoy ...
The Battle of Lepanto is a naval combat which took place on October 7, 1571 near the Gulf of Patras and which opposed a Christian fleet, mainly Venetian, commanded by Don Juan of Austria and the Ottoman fleet ofAli Pasha. This first major naval victory of the Christians against the Muslim Turks is a turning point in European history and marks the end of Ottoman domination in the Mediterranean.
June 14, 1658 at the Dune battles took place the conclusion of a war which had lasted twenty-five years and between France and Spain. The French, commanded by Turenne and allies once is not customary to the English, confront the Spaniards there, one of whose commanders is none other than the Tall Condé, a former slinger. With the victory of the French army, the Louis Quatorzian epic was announced to Europe.
The War of the Spanish Succession is one of the longest conflicts of the reign of Louis XIV. The event at the origin of this war is the death of Charles II on November 1, 1700. He had no heir. This war will last thirteen years, causing victories and defeats. Among these, there is the siege of turin, which lasted from May to September 1706.
You certainly know the song "Marlbrough is going to war, mironton, mirontaine ..." which became famous thanks to the duke (of the same name) having been noticed by his curious disappearance during the battle of Malplaquet from September 9 to 11, 1709. After wars and easy victories as in Flanders and Franche-Comté, Louis XIV still preoccupied with the Spanish Succession, had to face at the beginning of the 18th century more difficult battles like the one de Malplaquet, won "by abandonment" of the enemy.