Wars

Wars


Our Wars section invites you to discover or cover the major conflicts that have marked the history of humanity.

Whether it is civil wars (from the Civil War to the Spanish Civil War), national liberation (from Algeria to Vietnam) or wars of religion without forgetting the mythical conflicts (such as the Trojan War ) our files and articles return in depth to these tragic events.

The war of 1870 pitted France and allied Prussia against a coalition of German states, from July 1870 to January 1871. It originated in a diplomatic incident between the two countries concerning the succession of the crown of Spain, the ambitious Chancellor Bismarck having skillfully trapped Napoleon III with the famous dispatch from Ems. Badly prepared, this war will turn into a disaster for France, resulting in the loss of the territories ofAlsace Lorraine, who were therefore at the center of Franco-German litigation until 1914. Supreme humiliation, the German Empire was proclaimed ... in the Hall of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles on January 18, 1871.


Franco-Prussian War of 1870


The war of 1870 opposed France and allied Prussia to a coalition of German states, from July 1870 to January 1871. in the Hall of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles on January 18, 1871.


Franco-Prussian War of 1870

The Seven Years' War (1756-1763) is a conflict between Prussia, Great Britain and Hanover, in a coalition of Austria, Saxony, France, Russia, Sweden and Spain. France, which fought "for the King of Prussia" during the War of the Austrian Succession, which ended in 1748, takes up arms against England, a great maritime power. This first "world war" which takes place in Europe and on all the seas of the globe, from the Antilles to the Indies, begins with the successes of Montcalm in Canada before turning into a fiasco. At the end of this conflict, the France of Louis XV will lose almost all of its first colonial empire.


Seven Years' War (1756-1763)

The Thirty Years' War is the name given to the great European religious and political war which devastated Germany from 1618 to 1648. It had its origin in a first purely German and religious conflict between the Protestant princes and the Catholic house of Habsburg, sovereign of the Holy Empire, but it degenerated into a European war due to the intervention of foreign powers, mainly Sweden and France, who took advantage of this conflict to interfere in the affairs of the Empire and reduce the power of the Habsburgs, who reigned then not only over Austria, Bohemia and Hungary, but also over the greater part of Italy, Spain and the Spanish Netherlands.


Thirty Years' War (1618-1648)

The Iran-Iraq war is an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq between 1980 and 1988. By breaking off hostilities on September 22, 1980, Saddam Hussein had counted on a dazzling offensive and on a short war which will make his country the first power of the Middle -East. This ambition will not stand up to the harsh reality of bitter conflict, one of the most devastating of the twentieth century, which will not end until eight years later. A war that is complex in terms of its stakes and its actors, the Iran-Iraq war which will transcend the classic framework of cold War, will by its consequences have a profound impact on the entire Persian Gulf and beyond.


Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)

The crimean war, which pitted the Franco-British against the Russians in the Black Sea, is one of the victorious campaigns of France which has most fallen into oblivion, due to the taboo of the Third Republic on Second Empire. However, there remains at least in all minds the famous expression " I'm there ! I stay there! ", The Virgin of Puy-en-Velay and the Alma Bridge which pays homage to the fighters of the eponymous battle. Back to what is generally considered to be the first modern war of the 19th century.


Crimean War (1853 - 1856)

On the morning of April 2, 1982 begins the Falklands War, opposing the United Kingdom and Argentina. 84 commandos of the Argentinian naval infantry forces, just disembarked from the destroyer Santisima Trinidad, launch their assault on Stanley Harbor ... Strange conflict than this one, totally out of step with the problems of the Cold War. This war results from the will of the Argentine government, namely a military dictatorship led by General Galtieri, to find in a national adventure an escape from the challenges facing Argentina ...


Falklands War (1982)

The war of Vietnam is an armed conflict between 1959 and 1975 and in the midst of the Cold War, between South Vietnam (and its ally the United States) and North Vietnam, supported by the USSR and China. After a period of guerrilla warfare marked by the gradual infiltration of North Vietnamese forces into the South, the conflict became more radical and provoked a massive intervention by the United States. In a military stalemate and after heavy losses, the American forces were forced to withdraw in 1973, paving the way for a reunification of Vietnam under the leadership of the communist north.


Vietnam War (1959-1975)

The Boxer revolt was a Chinese nationalist insurrection led by the sect of Boxers (or Boxers) against foreign legations and Catholic missions in Beijing in 1900. Occurring in reaction to the dismantling of China by the Western powers, this revolt was aimed at their expulsion from country. From June 20, 1900, Beijing resounded with cries of hatred from thousands of people against foreigners. German Ambassador Clemens von Ketteler has just been assassinated, foreign legations will undergo a 55-day siege.


Boxer Revolt (China, 1900-1901)

The korean war erupted in June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea crossing the 38th parallel. In the context of the Cold War, this invasion led to the intervention of an international coalition led by the United States in support of the South Korean army, then that of the China, ally of North Korea. In less than a year, the peninsula came under the almost total control of each of the two camps, without any of them achieving victory. Fighting continued for two years around the 38th parallel. They end with the signing of thearmistice of July 27, 1953. The ceasefire line becomes the new border of the two states.


Korean War (1950-1953)

The six day war is the third armed conflict which opposed, in June 1967, Israel to Arab countries, namely Egypt, Jordan and Syria, supported by Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Yemen and Algeria. It began on June 5, 1967 when the Israeli army, IDF, set off from Eilat to Lake Tiberias. In 130 hours she will, under the leadership of Moshe Dayan, seize vast territories, tripling the size of the state of Israel. This lightning offensive is the culmination of a long-simmering crisis.


Six Day War (June 1967)

Conflicts that have involved France since 1945, the Indochina war certainly remains the least well known. Begun in the delicate context of reconstruction, it was often relegated to the background of the concerns of the French, before giving way to a much more mobilizing conflict: the Algerian war. However "the Indo "(To borrow the time-honored expression of its French veterans), this eight-year colonial war represents in many ways a historical episode of great importance. The first fire in the blaze of decolonization, it also heralds the stakes of the Cold War, one of the most striking episodes of which will be played out in the same place ten years later.


Indochina War (1946-1954)

The Yom Kippur War is the fourth armed conflict between Israel and the neighboring Arab countries, triggered on October 6, 1973, Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur. It is the start of a month of war, where Israel, as never since its war of independence, will be threatened in its very existence. Regional showdown this conflict will also have important global repercussions, whether in the Soviet Union or in the United States, quickly overtaken by events. High Intensity Mechanized Conflict The Yom Kippur War will also be a test bed for a whole host of materials and doctrines that still reign on the battlefield today.


Yom Kippur War (October 1973)

If there is a period in the history of France that comes up regularly in the debate, probably with the Revolution, it is that of the religious wars. We talk about their pell-mell influence on the creation of the concept of secularism, on the affirmation of absolute monarchy and on that of nation-states, when we leave the Franco-French context to take an interest in Europe. What were the origins and how did it unfold?


Religious wars in France (1562-1598)

When we talk about the Second World War, in Europe and more particularly in France, the theater of War of Peaceful is often little known or even ignored. We could explain it by the fact that this war concerned more specifically the Japanese and the Americans, but this would also forget the presence of the European colonies, directly affected by the conflict, as well as the active participation of the English, of course, but also of the French, of these same Europeans.


Pacific War (1941-1945)

The conquest of Gaul (or Gauls) by Julius Caesar, his victory at Alésia against Vercingetorix, are events well anchored in the collective French memory. But historically things are obviously a bit more complex. What were the reasons and the circumstances of this conquest? What do we mean by "Gauls"? Can't we talk about Gallic war ? And what were the consequences of Caesar's victory, for himself, for Gaul, and for Rome?


Gallic Wars (58 to 51 BC)

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