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Virgil’s verse invitus, regina … and its poetic antecedents
456 Unfortunate Dido! So it was true, then, the news that I got.
457 It came to me and said that you had perished, that you had followed through on your final moments with a sword.
458 So your death, ah, was caused by me? But I swear by the stars,
459 and by the powers above—and by anything here that I could swear by, under the earth in its deepest parts:
460 Unwillingly, queen, did I depart from your shore.
461 But I was driven by the orders of the gods, which force me even now to pass through the shades,
462 passing through places stained with decay, and through the deepest night.
463 Yes, I was driven by their projects of empire.
59 Then Venus,  intending not to let it happen, in the varied light of the sky, that only
60 the golden thing originating from the head of Ariadne,
61 her garland [corona], should have a fixed place there, but rather, that I too [= the lock of Berenice] might send forth a flashing light,
62 votive prize that I am, originating from a blond head of hair,
63 me, dripping wet from the rough seas of my weeping while heading straight for the celestial zones of the gods,
64 me did the goddess [Venus] situate, in the midst of old constellations, as a new one.
65 For, right next to the lights of Virgo and savage Leo,
66 next to their radiances, and joined to Callisto daughter of Lycaon,
67 I take my turn heading down into the western horizon, ahead of slow Boötes,
68 who plunges ever too late into the deep river Okeanos.
For, since she was about to die neither by fate nor by a deserved death,
but before her day, the poor wretch, inflamed as she was by her sudden frenzy [furor], <163|164>
it had not yet happened to her that the blond hair on the top of her head [vertex], at the hands of the goddess of death,
was to be taken away from her.
Appearances [ edit | edit source ]
Persona 4: Arena [ edit | edit source ]
Ariadne is the Persona of Labrys, gained after she accepts her Shadow upon its defeat by the player. Matching the myth, Ariadne uses a string that appears like a maze in her attacks.
Persona 4: Arena (Manga) [ edit | edit source ]
Ariadne appears in the final chapter of the manga when Labrys accepts her shadow after Yosuke Hanamura and Aigis defeat her.
Persona 5 [ edit | edit source ]
Ariadne appears as a DLC exclusive persona in Persona 5. She retains her SP Skill Attack from Persona 4 Arena, Weaver's Art: Beast (shortened to "Beast Weaver" to fit the name in the ability list) as her signature ability. When this ability is used the protagonist will shout either "Blastoff!", the same line Labrys would say on activating the move in P4A, or "It's educational guidance!", the same quote Labrys would make when she was selected on the character select screen.
It is advised for the player to purchase Ariadne after they advance rank 6 of the Strength Arcana Confidant, as otherwise it will prevent obtaining the required Lachesis using Ame no Uzume, forcing them to fuse a Clotho and a Regent instead.
Itemizing Ariadne will result in the unique accessory, Red Yarn Ball, which increases luck by 10 while also providing Auto-Tarukaja.
Theseus and Ariadne
For the older generation, it was quite passionate. King Minos of Crete had received King Aegeus with great ostentation. Further he spent most of the meal bragging about what a forward, cosmopolitan place Crete was, free of the nonsense and superstition which was to be found elsewhere in Greece. Aegeus had attempted to defend his kingdom, but that had only provoked a reminder from Minos about how Crete also had the best elocutionists.
But for Aegeus' son, Theseus, who had been brought to the banquet by his father, the banquet was quite dull. Moreover, he could tell that the banquet had become equally dull for Minos' daughter, Ariadne. Of course, boredom was not the only thing which made Theseus want to look at Ariadne. She happened to be quite beautiful with long dark hair and creamy skin and a large smile. Further, Theseus could not help noticing that the smile was directed at him several times during the meal.
When the banquet finally ended, and everyone was retiring to their apartments for the night, Ariadne managed to move in very close to Theseus and whisper, "Come up to my room later."
That night, when Theseus knocked on the door of Ariadne's room, Ariadne cracked the door open and ushered Theseus in. "Thank goodness!" she said. "I was afraid you wouldn't come." She sighed and sat on her bed. "You must think Crete is the most boring place in the world, but it isn't."
"I wouldn't say it's boring," said Theseus. "It has some extremely beautiful women."
Ariadne smiled and showed her dimples. " Believe me, if my father had his way, the beautiful women would be gone too, and probably the ugly women for that matter."
"Because he has stated quite clearly that women are the less accomplished sex, more emotional, less capable of brilliant thought, and all in all a hindrance to the greatest accomplishments of man." She paused and said, "Of course, he knows that without women, no society would last very long so he admits we're a necessary evil."
"What an unpleasant person!" said Theseus.
Ariadne nodded. "Do you know," she said changing the subject slightly, "what is is in the dungeon of this castle?"
"The labyrinth. It's a maze designed by Icarus, the greatest architect in the world. Once you enter it, you wander and become lost so there is no way out."
Theseus shrugged. "Sounds like another thing your father would brag about."
"Make no mistake. He's very proud of it, but he's not so proud of what's inside of it."
That made Ariadne smile again. "My brother, or half-brother I suppose."
Her tone was rather clear. "Let me guess," said Theseus. "One of your parents had a child with a different person. . .and since I can't picture your father doing something like that, I'd say it was that your mother did the deed with another man."
"Very close to the truth," said Ariadne chuckling, "but not quite. You see, it wasn't a man."
She had Theseus' attention. "Go on. . ."
"Well, many years ago, every year, Crete had an important festival each spring, in which all of the women would strip themselves naked and dance around a bull."
"That sounds dangerous," commented Theseus.
"Perhaps, but they were careful to avoid injury." She sighed wistfully, "I would like to dance naked in springtime just once before I'm too old." Then, she seemed to become her old self again. "I'll bet you'd like to see me dance naked."
Theseus was a little embarrassed. "Is it showing on my face?"
"Not on your face," said Ariadne and she pointed to his crotch where there was a definite bulge. She pressed in closer and felt his chest. "Your chest feels like solid muscle," she said impressed.
"You can thank my father for that. He's been making me exercise and practice wrestling ever since I was twelve."
"I'll thank him. Would you like to take off your shirt?"
Now Theseus was really embarrassed. "Why don't you just finish your story?"
"Sure, well when my father became king, one of his first moves was to ban the bull dance on the grounds that it represented superstition, silliness, and a whole bunch of other things he was against. Well, the women of the kingdom wouldn't take that lying down. They decided to have a bull dance anyway even if they had to do it in the middle of the night. Eventually, my mother found out about this bull dance, but do you think she was a good wife and told my father about it? No. She decided that she would join the fun, and apparently she danced more enthusiastically and carelessly then anyone because the bull got her."
Theseus was horrified. "Surely, you don't mean she was gored to death." For Ariadne to describe such a thing so cavalierly would be wrong.
"No, of course, she wasn't killed. Although, she was struck by a very long part of the bull's anatomy. But it wasn't a horn. Nine months later, my brother was born."
Theseus shook his head. "That's impossible. A bull can't make a human woman--"
"That's what all my father's scientists said, but my brother had the body of a human and the head of a bull. They named him Minotaur. Minos' bull. My father was so upset, he had the Minotaur locked in the labyrinth so that nobody would ever find it and it would never find its way out."
Finishing her story, Ariadne smiled. "Oh well. Are you still feeling hard there?" She gently put her hand on his crotch. "Definitely. What do do you say we. . .undress." She unpinned her dress causing it to fall to the ground. Then, she put her arms around him and pulled him onto her bed.
Later, Theseus had to admit that he didn't remember what happened next very well. It all happened so quickly, but when it was over, he heard a loud knock, and someone calling, "what's going on in there?" The door burst open and two royal guards appeared. "Well, well. . ." said one of them. "King Minos should find this interesting."
"Now, see here, Minos," said King Aegeus. "They were only being teenagers." The two kings were seated in a private chamber of Minos' palace.
"Teenagers in your kingdom perhaps, but in Crete, even teenagers are wise, modest, and virtuous. Teenage boys anyway. Your son committed a disgusting outrage against my state. His life is forfeit."
Aegeus was starting to lose his temper. "Wasn't it partly your daughter's fault?"
"Indeed," said Minos nonchalantly, "Her life is forfeit too." He shrugged. "Don't look surprised. Just between you and and me, I've been looking for an excuse to get rid of that pest for years."
Aegeus felt his anger being replaced by shock. "So what are you going to do? Behead your own daughter? Hang her?"
"No. Beheading and hanging are too uncivilized for a place like Crete. I am going to lock both her and your son in the labyrinth."
"They will never be able to find their way out in a million years. Not that they'll have a million years," he said more solemnly. "That abomination which my wife bore will end their lives much sooner, I suspect."
Theseus was trying to be brave. Ariadne was sobbing as the two were marched to the gates of the labyrinth and forced to passed through. The gate slammed with a great clang.
"This is my fault," said Ariadne looking around at the dank walls.
"In a way, that's true," said Theseus.
"Well," said Ariadne, "I did manage to bring something that might save us." She reached under her clothes.
"A sword?" asked Theseus hopefully.
"Er. . .no. A ball of yarn." She held it up for Theseus to see.
Theseus was dumbfounded. "A ball of yarn? What good is that if we meet your brother?"
"None," Ariadne admitted, "but it can help us find our way back afterwards." She began unwinding it behind her as she walked.
"You know," said Theseus following her around a corner, "sometimes I think your father is a smart man."
"Excuse me," said Ariadne as they turned a second corner. "What do you mean by that?"
"I mean that women really can seem like more trouble then they're worth."
"Is that so?" said Ariadne turning a third corner. "Well then, don't follow me. Find your own way through this place." She stormed past one last corner and then she let out a scream.
"Is that a dead end?" Theseus asked running up to her.
"Worse," Ariadne admitted. And then Theseus saw what she was talking about. Standing before them in the passage was what looked like a strong man with the head of a large bull.
It snorted at them angrily.
"Hello," said Ariadne trying to be brave. "I'm your little sister. We've never met."
But the Minotaur clearly did not feel strong family attachments. It snorted again and danced around a bit demonstrating what it intended to do to them. Then, it lowered its head and came charging at them. Theseus managed to grab the horn and immediately was lifted into the air as the beast bucked upwards and began whipping him in circles before finally throwing him into the dust.
"Are you all right?" Ariadne asked running up to him.
"I think so," said Theseus picking himself up.
But the Minotaur looked angry now. Theseus struggled to his feet and faced the thing. Can't get around it, he thought. I'll just have to face it head onward. Taking a deep breath, he rushed at the Minotaur and grabbed it around the neck in a choke hold. He was an accomplished wrestler, but the Minotaur was far stronger then any sparring partner he had ever faced. Still, he exerted himself and hugged the Minotaur as hard as he could.
For a minute, it felt like every muscle in his body, including his heart, would pop out.
Then, there was a loud crack and the Minotaur fell limp because Theseus had broken its neck.
For a minute, Ariadne looked overjoyed. Then, she instantly regained her composure and said, "Well, I guess that was pretty impressive."
"Thank you," said Theseus panting for breath. "Do you think we can get out of here?"
"We can follow my ball of yarn."
"Good idea," admitted Theseus.
Ariadne gave him a cool look and began winding the yarn back up again. Theseus followed after her. "You know," he said following her around a corner, "this trick with the yarn was a good idea."
Ariadne looked at him again, but said nothing.
"I mean," said Theseus turning another corner, "having a woman with me in this adventure was kind of helpful."
That made Ariadne stop and look at him for an even longer moment, but she still went back to winding the yarn.
Turning the last corner, Theseus called out, "You know, you're lucky we met the Minotaur before we ran out of yarn."
That made her stop, look at him, and say, "I'm lucky?"
Ariadne nodded and picked up the ball of yarn. "We made it," she said. "Here's the entrance." Then, she smiled a little. "Why don't you kiss me?"
Twenty minutes later, the two strode into the throne room of King Minos. All were taken aback, especially King Minos. "How could you have escaped? What of the Minotaur?"
"The Minotaur is dead," said Ariadne. "Theseus killed it with his bare hands."
Aegeus, who was still a guest at the court beamed proudly, and all the rest of the court were impressed too. They all applauded and cheered.
All except King Minos "Even if you could kill that thing. How could you escape my labyrinth?"
"I'll answer that," said Theseus. "The truth is I would never have gotten out of the labyrinth if not for Ariadne." Then, he told them all about Ariadne's trick with the ball of yarn.
Aegeus was the first to react. "Ha, Minos," he said with a laugh. "You bragged and bragged about how that labyrinth was designed by the world's greatest architect so that nobody could escape it, but it turns out a silly girl escaped with just a ball of yarn." Many in the court agreed and laughed.
"Father," said Theseus, "you will apologize for that remark. Er. . .not to Minos. Too Ariadne. She is not a silly girl. She is quite an exceptional girl." Then he turned to Minos. "Still, I agree with my father's point. That labyrinth is the silliest thing a monarch ever invested in." Then everyone except Minos laughed again.
Well, Minos was humiliated. In fact, not long after that, he decided to abdicate the throne and make Ariadne queen. And not long after she became queen, Crete got a new king. Do I have to tell you who that was?
The statue of Ariadne – a reminder of a sad story.
An unfinished marble statue of a naked female catches the eye on the causeway leading to Portara, the ancient 6th BC temple of Apollo, in the port of Naxos. The finished part is smooth marble in contrast to rough chisel marks of the unfinished parts of the sculpture.
One has to wonder, why the statue is there and why unfinished! Mythology has multiple answers to this question.
Princess Ariadne, was a daughter of Pasiphae and the Cretan king Minos. She fell in love with the Athenian hero Theseus who had sailed from Athens to fight the Minotaur, a beast half bull and half man, who was Ariadne’s half brother. Theseus made his way into the labyrinth with Adriane’s help by unwinding Ariadne’s ball of thread, so he can find his way back out after confronting the Minotaur.
After killing the Minotaur, Theseus left Crete with Ariadne, and on the way back to Athens they stopped at the island of Naxos. Theseus and Ariadne slept together on the island that night, however he broke his promise to marry her.
There are different versions of what happened (indicating multiple symbolic meanings).
One version is that Theseus got tired of Ariadne as he had achieved his mission, for slaying the Minotaur. While Ariadne was sleeping, he sailed off and left her in Naxos. When she woke up, she found herself alone deserted on the island and she was devastated. She decided to end her life, after realizing that Theseus had abandoned her, throwing herself from the highest point of Palatia hill, where Portara is located.
Another story is that she did not die. God Dionysus was passing by in the midst of his travels, he saw Ariadne and he was overwhelmed by her beauty. He immediately married her and she became a goddess, ascended to Mount Olympus.
Ariadne had several children, two of the sons by Dionysus (or Theseus by other accounts), Staphylus and Oenopion, both names associated with grapes and wine. So, everything turned out well for Ariadne, but not so good for Theseus.
We have to remember that Theseus’s ship had two sails, one white and one black, to choose and use for his return to Athens. Theseus, preoccupied with guilt over his bad treatment of Ariadne or for other reasons, he forgot to change the sails on his ships from black to white. So when his father king Aegeus, watching for the return of his ship off the coast of the Athenian peninsula, saw the black sails, he thought his son had died. He threw himself into the sea, thus named Aegean sea after him. Theseus arrived home to Athens in triumph, but he found his city in mourning for the death of the king.
If you travel to the island of Naxos today, you will see a statue of Ariadne, looking out to shore.
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Ariadne & Theseus - History
Ariadne fell in love at the first sight of him, and helped him by giving him a magic sword and a ball of thread so that he could find his way out the Minotaur's labyrinth. She ran away with Theseus after he achieved his goal, and according to Homer was punished by Artemis with death, but in Hesiod and most others accounts, he left her sleeping on Naxos, and Dionysus wedded her.
Ariadne, the daughter of King Minos, after helping Theseus to escape from the labyrinth, was carried by him to the island of Naxos and was left there asleep, while the ungrateful Theseus pursued his way home without her. Ariadne, on waking and finding herself deserted, abandoned herself to grief.
|Aphrodite acts as matchmaker to the marriage of Ariadne & Dionysos|
But Venus (Aphrodite) took pity on her, and consoled her with the promise that she should have an immortal lover, instead of the mortal one she had lost.
The island where Ariadne was left was the favourite island of Bacchus, the same that he wished the Tyrrhenian mariners to carry him to, when they so treacherously attempted to make prize of him. As Ariadne sat lamenting her fate, Bacchus found her, consoled her, and made her his wife. As a marriage present he gave her a golden crown, enriched with gems, and when she died, he took her crown and threw it up into the sky. This golden crown was from Thetis, a work of Hephaestus. As it mounted the gems grew brighter and were turned into stars, and preserving its form Ariadne's crown remains fixed in the heavens as a constellation, between the kneeling Hercules and the man who holds the serpent.
Others have said that the crown was given to Ariadne by Theseus after having taken it from the depth of the sea. For when Theseus came to Crete with the youths there was a dispute between him and King Minos who, refusing to believe that Theseus was Poseidon's son, drew a gold ring from his finger and cast it into the sea, where it could be easily found by a son of Poseidon.
So Theseus cast himself into the sea and brought back, not only the ring of Minos but also the crown that the Nereid Thetis had received from Aphrodite as a wedding gift. (Some say this was presented to him by Thetis or her sister Amphitrite.) Theseus having proved both his lineage and courage he received the attentions of Ariadne who conspired to escape her small island for the excitement and allure of the big city of Athens.
Araidne is the one who chooses Theseus, finding him attractive and falling in love with him. She also sees a way to escape from the house of her father King Minos. In exchange for her help in winning the fight against the Minotaur and the labyrinth she makes Theseus promise to take her to Athens. She wishes to control her destiny and realizes this will take initiative and planning and consults the builder of the labyrinth which holds the Minotaur, Daedalus. Together they craft a way out of the maze using a ball of thread. Theseus's type of courage is needed to kill the Minotaur but without the aid of the creative idea his brute strength alone would not have succeeded.
Ariadne sets sail from Crete with her hero Theseus, but only goes so far. She falls asleep to avoid a path she no longer needs to follow to escape her hero husband whose next chapters will bring great grief to his political family who value power over love. Through sleep she is able to change her destiny.
Her next suitor, Dionysus, is divine but not so heroic. He promises a trip to Olympus but he is a needy god who lives in his own labyrinth of emotions and sensations. Ariadne is the mistress of this labyrinth that will allow for a happy love affair.
|Ariadne began as a Cretan fertility goddess and was transformed in patriarchal Greek myth to a mortal human but what is her role in understanding today's gender relationships|
|"And when, by the virgin Ariadne's help, the difficult entrance, which no former adventurer had ever reached again, was found by winding up the thread, straightway the son of Aegeus, taking Minos' daughter, spread his sails for Dia and on that shore he cruelly abandoned his companion." (Ovid, trans. Miller book VIII, line 172-176)|
'I will never love again, and therefore in some sense I will never live again', cries the deserted Ariadne in Richard Strauss' opera. At the moment of her deepest despair, Dionysos is heard singing off-stage. She hails him as the longed-for messenger of death. But when he appears before her, she recognized in him her true lover for whom, transformed through her pain, she is now ready
Feminist mythologist Ginette Paris spent many years questioning whether Ariadne play the archetypal dupe so oftened bestowed on the heroine my patriarchal leanings of the very long line of story tellers before her.
"Ariadne helps Theseus get his M.D. or Ph.D by doing secretarial work, and when his career is in full swing, he asks for a divorce and leaves her. she looks like a trophy for Dionysos at the end of his voyage of conquest."
The Sacred Marriage
Soon after marrying Ariadne gave birth to many famous children -- first of all to Staphylos, Thoas and Oinopion. The last two became the kings of the islands Lemnos and Chios. Staphylus,
is the son of Dionysus who accompanies Jason and the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece. Also on this journey is Orpheus a priest of the cult of Dionysus who embodies a greater knowledge of Greek science of the soul. Both Dionysian and Orphic mysteries used the archetypal patterns of their stories to initiatate the soul into a spiritual reality.
People who just engage in sex as a fun game, as something exciting like that, don't realize what they're doing. Then you don't have the sacramentalization. And the whole reason marriage is a sacrament is that it lets you know what the hell is correct and what isn't, and what's going on here. A male and female coming together with the possibility of another life coming out of it - that's a big act. --Joseph Campbell--
Classical Mythology: King Theseus Wants a Wife
With the death of Aegeus, Theseus assumed the throne of Athens. As king, Theseus used this ?bully pulpit? to convince the independent demes (townships) surrounding Athens to join formally in an organized commonwealth. Pointing the way toward democracy, Theseus also ceded some of his own powers as king to this commonwealth.
The reign of Theseus was also marked by limited expansionism. He incorporated the city of Megara?once ruled by his uncle Nisus, but lost in a war with Crete?into the Athenian federation. He also established dominance over Eleusis by seating Hippothoon?like Theseus, a son of Poseidon (by Alope, daughter of the slain Cercyon)?on the throne. Through these actions, Theseus expanded the borders of the Athenian empire all the way across the isthmus to Corinth.
Attack of the Amazons: Antiope
Though his greatest acts of heroism already lay behind the young king, Theseus did not shy away from adventure after attaining the throne of Athens. Some say he joined the Argonauts in their quest for the Golden Fleece (see Crimes of Passion: Jason, Medea, and the Argonauts). If so, he did not distinguish himself in this adventure. He also took part in the Calydon boar hunt (see Achilles: The Angry Young Hero), though here too he failed to make a significant mark.
Theseus did contribute significantly to the victory of Heracles over the Amazons (see The Labors of Heracles). Antiope, one of three Amazonian queens, fell in love with Theseus. Betraying her sisters, she obtained Queen Hippolyta's girdle for Heracles and escaped with her new lover.
Mythed by a Mile
Naysayers insist that Theseus did little to help Heracles obtain the precious girdle, if indeed he accompanied Heracles at all. These stories insist that Theseus abducted Antiope, perhaps while with Heracles or during the course of an entirely separate adventure.
The Amazons pursued Theseus and Antiope to Athens, where they engaged in a costly four-month battle. Hippolyta, defeated in battle, escaped to Megara, but died there.
Antiope, whether as captive or consort, lived with Theseus long enough to give him a son, Hippolytus. The cause of her death, however, remains in dispute. Some say an Amazon warrior killed Antiope as she battled side by side with Theseus. Others hold that an Amazonian ally of hers, Penthesileia, accidentally shot her with an arrow while battling the other Amazons. Some even insist that Theseus himself killed Antiope when she attacked the guests at his wedding to Phaedra.
Forbidden Love: Phaedra
Phaedra was the sister of Ariadne. Their brother Deucalion, who succeeded their father Minos as king of Crete, apparently shrugged off the ill treatment of Ariadne. In reaching a peaceful resolution of the hostilities between Crete and Athens, Deucalion agreed to allow Theseus to marry Phaedra.
The king and his new queen had two sons: Acamas and Demophon. Theseus intended these sons to succeed him in ruling Athens. So he sent Hippolytus, his son by Antiope, to Troezen, where Theseus intended him one day to succeed Pittheus.
Seeing the birth of Acamas and Demophon as establishing a clear line of succession to the throne of Athens, Theseus's uncle Pallas attempted one last time to seize the kingdom. Theseus vanquished Pallas and his sons, killing them all. For this immoderate defense of his throne, Theseus condemned himself to one year in exile. With Phaedra at his side, Theseus headed to Troezen to join his son and his grandfather.
In Troezen, Phaedra fell deeply in love with her stepson. But Hippolytus had no interest in women, especially his stepmother. The young man scorned the rites of Aphrodite. A chaste virgin himself, he devoted himself to hunting and to worship of the virgin goddess Artemis.
Phaedra could not keep her love to herself. She revealed her love to her nurse, who in turn told Hippolytus?but only after getting the young man to swear an oath of secrecy. Hippolytus, disgusted, spurned his stepmother's love, but true to his word, remained silent.
Read All About It
Hippolytus, a drama by Euripides, offers a detailed account of the tragic story of Hippolytus and Phaedra. The Roman playwright Seneca told a similar story in his Phaedra.
Rejected, Phaedra hanged herself after writing a suicide note in which she accused Hippolytus of raping her. Theseus refused to listen to his son's version of the story. He not only banished Hippolytus, but called for his son's death by invoking one of three curses that his father Poseidon had once given him.
As Hippolytus rode away along the coast in his chariot, a bull rose out of the sea and spooked his horses. The horses upset the chariot and dragged Hippolytus, who had become tangled in the reins, to his death.
The goddess Artemis later appeared before Theseus. From her, he learned that his son had been innocent. Aphrodite had set the whole affair in motion to punish Hippolytus for neglecting her.
Theseus & the Minotaur
Minos’ monstrous son, the Minotaur, lives in a labyrinth beneath the palace. The Minotaur will only eat human flesh and every year is fed seven young men from different kingdoms in Greece. When it is Athens’ turn, Minos insists that Theseus, King Aegeus’ son, be one of the seven victims.
Once in Crete, although the seven young Athenians are royally entertained in Minos’ palace, gradually their number diminishes until only Theseus is left alive. He charms Minos’ daughter, Ariadne, into helping him face the Minotaur. With the aid of Ariadne’s crown of light, a ball of thread and a sword, he kills the Minotaur and finds his way out of the labyrinth.
After setting fire to Minos’ fleet, Theseus flees Crete with Ariadne, but when they reach the island of Naxos, he abandons her. Dionysos takes pity on Ariadne, however, and takes her as his consort.
- Pause points
- Questions for discussion
- Suggested activities
Although Theseus is commonly referred to as a hero, on some occasions his behaviour seems far from heroic. You could think about what makes a hero or heroine. What qualities do they need? (Patriotism, courage, loyalty, honesty, strength?) Who do the children consider modern-day heroes and heroines?
5 min 33 sec: That night she … placed, just inside the maze, the things Theseus would need to kill her monstrous brother.