Flag with dark border and light inner?

Flag with dark border and light inner?

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This picture features twice a flag with a dark border and a light inner: which flag is that?

From left to right we can see:

  • an Italian flag
  • a British flag
  • a striped flag, possibly USA
  • a tricolor flag, possibly French or Irish, doesn't matter
  • the mystery flag
  • a USA flag
  • another USA flag
  • a third USA flag
  • again the mystery flag

The event has been described as "Douglas Fairbanks holding up Charlie Chaplin in front of crowd to promote Liberty Bonds, Lower Manhattan, NYC, 1918"

It looks similar to this one, but it doesn't include the central blue stripes:

I guess it might be something special related to the warbonds, then, does anyone have any info about those special flags?

My guess is that they were meant to be service flags. These were usually rectangular flags with a wide red rectangular border and a white middle area. In the middle area, a person would place a number of stars indicating the number of loved ones you had serving (blue star for serving, gold for killed).

For a public (non family) display of such a flag, like say in the middle of Manhattan, placing an appropriate number of stars would have been problematic, so I could see where they might have left the middle blank. These days Congress has solved that problem by prohibiting anyone but immediate family from displaying one. They didn't have that law yet in the '40's though, and the flags were so ubiquitous in homes that I can see where it may have come to be viewed as a general "support our boys" flag.

In fact, I think one can probably view these flags during WWII as announcing "We support our troops", with whatever is placed in the middle designating what the person has invested. This explains why the same motif was used for the Liberty Loan flags you found, as well as for the Victory loans flag.

There was no Irish tricolour in the First World War as Ireland did not achieve independence until 1922. P Pappa is an innovation in the international phonetic alphabet. It used to be P Peter. That flag is the Blue Peter. It is hoisted by ships in harbour and it signifies "We are about to sail." So, in this context, it means "The Yanks are coming."

It is apparently a flag derived from a generic honors emblem: For comparison, look at these Canadian Victory Loan Flags and those Australian Honour Flags. There are also a similar items (e.g. WWI sons town flag) for sale on eBay.

The designs were apparently all used for public fund raising by the allied powers during WW I and they share the same generic (red) border.

There is also a related article in the New York Times archive ("HONOR FLAG CHOSEN FOR THE LIBERTY LOAN", March 7, 1918) with this explanation:

The third Liberty Loan, which will open one month from today, is to have a distinctive flag of its own. Red borders, white interior field, with three vertical blue stripes -- this is the design for the honor emblem which will be bestowed on each city exceeding its quote of sales of Liberty bonds. If a city doubles its quota a star will be added to its flag, and a tripling of the quota will be recognized with two stars. Among other features of a system of honors devised for the third Liberty Loan and announced by Secretary McAdoo is the plan of giving a window card bearing a reproduction of the flag to each purchaser of a bond, and of establishing honor rolls in each community, or organization of an kind, to bear the names of subscribers.

Notice that the original photo was taken in April 1918.

The mystery flag appears quite similar to the nautical alphabet flag for "P", or papa::

As one can see from the many styles in the samples, the exact shade and dimensions of these flags were not critical, and various organizations (and perhaps manufacturers) styled them slightly differently. They were sufficiently distinct from each other, and other nautical ensigns and standards, as to be easily recognizable regardless of such subtleties. As long as papa, sierra and whiskey are easily recognizable and distinct from each other, communications could be relied upon.

Without knowing more about the context of the picture, it is difficult to guess why a papa flag would be of significance.

Another Nautical Alphabet link

23 Different Pride Flags and What They Represent in the LGBTQ+ Community

See each pride flag here, then discover the history behind them.

The brightly colored flags you see online and IRL to celebrate Pride and support LGBTQ+ rights are great to look at, but they serve an important purpose. While everyone is probably familiar with the rainbow gay pride flag, there are many groups within the vast LGBTQ+ community that are less well-known, and many have their own flag. 

“Having a wide range of flags helps those groups feel more seen and offers them a simple visual way to identify themselves to others if or when they want to,” Jo Eckler, licensed clinical psychologist and author of I Can&apost Fix You�use You&aposre Not Broken: The Eight Keys to Freeing Yourself From Painful Thoughts and Feelings, tells Health. 

Eckler explains that the different flags can help people find others who share their sexual or gender identity. Additionally, the flags can serve as an important teaching tool. “People sometimes see these flags, wonder what they mean, go and look them up, and end up learning something in the process,” says Eckler. 

The bigger picture is that a flag is more than just a flag. LGBTQ+ identity and sexuality intersects with all aspects of health (mental, physical and sexual).  Far too often, LGBTQ+ people don’t get the same level of care as people who identify as heterosexual. A 2017 survey by the Center for American Progress found that nearly one in 10 LGBTQ+ individuals reported that a health care professional wouldn’t see them in the prior year because of their actual or perceived sexual orientation. And nearly three in 10 transgender people reported that providers refused to see them because of their gender identity. 

“Research has found that the less comfortable people are with their LGBTQ+ identities, the more likely they are to be depressed or more anxious, use or abuse substances, or to have low self-esteem,” Kevin L. Nadal, PhD, professor of psychology at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice and the Graduate Center at City University of New York and author of the upcoming book Queering Law and Order: LGBTQ Communities and the Criminal Justice System, tells Health. 

According to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report published in August 2016, LGB youth seriously contemplate suicide at almost three times the rate of heterosexual youth and are almost five times as likely to have attempted suicide compared to heterosexual youth. “People who are uncomfortable with their LGBTQ+ identities are likely to have an array of physical health problems, and sometimes may even suffer from sexual health issues,” says Nadal. “This is why it’s so important to celebrate LGBTQ+ people from a very early age.” 

If you identify as heterosexual and want to ally with the LGBTQ+ community (and there’s even a flag for you, but more on that later), get to know these flags. It’s not an exhaustive list, BTW𠅋ut it’s a good starting point. 

What does the thin red line flag mean?

The thin red line flag has become a fixture in many communities, but there has been considerable discussion about their origin, whether it’s appropriate to display the flags, and what they represent.

What is a thin red line flag?

A thin red line flag is a variation of the American flag that is black and white with one red stripe. More specifically, the normally red and white stripes are alternating black and white stripes with a single red stripe in the middle. The normally white stars on blue background becomes white stars on a black background.

A variation of this flag is an all-black flag with a single red line through the center.

What does a thin red line flag mean?

The thin red line flag was developed to show support and solidarity with fire service personnel and to honor injured or fallen firefighters.

What is the origin of the thin red line flag?

The origin of the thin red line flag really starts with the origin of the thin blue line flag – a flag created to show support for law enforcement. (Note: The thin blue line is a term that typically refers to the concept of police as the line that keeps society from descending into violent chaos.)

Following the creation of the blue line flag, several similar flags were developed to show solidarity with other public safety agencies:

  • Red – fire service
  • White – EMS
  • Yellow/gold – dispatcher/communication
  • Gray – corrections

What is the controversy over the thin red line flag?

The thin line flags have generated debate in recent months. While some view the flags as representative of solidarity with public safety and a way to honor fallen or injured first responders, others simply do not agree with any alteration of the American flag, and some view the flags as representative of political statements.

The debate over the flags’ potential political nods is most associated with the thin blue line flag and its connection to the Blue Lives Matter movement, which was started in response to the Black Lives Matter movement. As such, some see thin blue line flags as a pushback against social injustice reform movements, like Black Lives Matter. And one step further, display of the thin red line flag has, to some, become conflated with the thin blue line flag.

Where is the thin red line flag flown or displayed?

Thin red line flags are sometimes displayed inside or outside fire stations or on fire apparatus, although there is debate about whether such displays should be permitted on town or city property.

Some fire departments have policies focused on the display of flags, decals and emblems so that it is clear what is and is not permissible at the station or on apparatus.

Can civilians/non-firefighters fly the thin red line flag to show their support for firefighters?

Where can I buy a thin red line flag?

There are several retailers that currently sell thin red line flags, including:

What else should I know about the thin red line flag?

FireRescue1 surveyed firefighters on the use of thin line flags in public safety. We received nearly 2,000 responses about this complex issue. Respondents were fairly evenly divided among working for career, volunteer and combination departments.

Key takeaways from the survey:

  • An overwhelming majority of respondents (88%) indicated support for the thin red line flags – and the responses were from an even mix of ranks.
  • Similarly, 79% said they support fire departments displaying thin blue line flags in support of law enforcement.
  • Most respondents who support the thin line flags (68%) do so to honor fallen and injured firefighters.
  • For departments that have thin red line flags, flags are typically displayed inside the station or on fire apparatus, as opposed to outside the station, where visible to the public.
  • For those respondents who do not support the display of thin red flags at fire departments or on apparatus, 68% said the primary reason was because it was an alteration of the American flag.
  • Half of respondents indicated that their department does not have a policy that relates to the display of flags, decals and emblems.

Watch next: Chief Billy Goldfeder shares his take on firefighters displaying thin red line flags.

About the author

The FireRescue1 Lifestyle content series is written for the off-duty firefighter. Here you&rsquoll find content on everything from the latest automotive and entertainment trends to tips and tricks for financial planning &ndash all written from a firefighter's perspective, with an eye toward what makes you unique even when you&rsquore not at the station.

What is the History of the French Flag? What Do its Colors Mean?

The history of the French flag originates from the Middle Ages. The following passages give more information on the same.

The history of the French flag originates from the Middle Ages. The following passages give more information on the same.

A humble cloth when flown from a pole, commands respect and attention. Earlier used as a tool to signal, now represents nations, organizations, etc. The national flag with its various emblems, designs, and colors represents national pride and ethos. The French flag is no different.

The French national flag is called, ‘The Tricolor’, and in French Le drapeau tricolore. It has three vertical bands, colored blue on hoist side, white in the center, and finally red. For its various departments in Southern Africa it is called, ‘The Reunion’s Flag.’

Ancient Régime

During this period, the flag of Saint-Denis was used. It was red in color and had 2, 3, or 5 spikes stitched on it. It was given by the Pope to Charlemagne, and became the royal banner under which a war was waged in the 9 th century. The fleur-de-lis or lily, the traditional emblem of France, first appeared on the flag along with the royal coat of arms, a blue shield with three golden fleurs-de-lis, during the 12 th century. After the Bourbons came to power, they added their dynastic color white as the background.

The French Revolution

The tricolor was created in July 1789, during the French Revolution, from a rosette by Marquis de Lafayette. The combination of red and blue (colors of Paris) and the royal color white was used, symbolizing the return of the King and become the cockade for the revolution. The striped colors were first used on navy flags in 1790 and on every French armament by 1794. The law of 27 pluviôse, Year II (February 15, 1794), established the ‘tricolor’ as the national flag. A part of the decree in translation read, “The national flag shall be formed of the three national colors, set in three equal bands, vertically arranged so that the blue is nearest to the staff, the white in the middle, and the red flying.”


In 1804, Napoleon standardized the flag to a white field chape-chausse of red and blue, and again changed the look close to the modern-day flag in 1812. It was in 1804 that religious rituals for the flag were adopted. Napoleon’s defeat by the Bourbon monarchy replaced the tricolor with the royal white standard with fleur-de-lis. During the revolution of 1830, Louis-Philippe restored the tricolor as the national flag, which the Vichy regime continued to use. Since then, no changes were made to its colors and patterns. However, the Free French Forces under Charles De Gaulle added a red Cross of Lorraine to distinguish themselves. The national flag of France (current design) is a tricolor with three vertical bands colored blue, white, and red.

International Code Flags or Signaling Flags

Although you may never see them displayed except at fleet parades, around naval installations, and areas with heavy international shipping traffic, International code flags are used to signal between two ships or between ship and shore. Also called signaling flags, they are a set of ship flags of different colors, shapes and markings which used singly or in combination have different meanings. These maritime flags include 26 square flags which depict the letters of the alphabet, ten numeral pendants, one answering pendant, and three substituters or repeaters.

Only a few colors can be readily distinguished at sea. These are: red, blue, yellow, black, and white and these cannot be mixed indiscriminately. You will notice, for clarity, the flags shown are either red and white, yellow and blue, blue and white, or black and white besides plain red, white, and blue.

One-flag signals are urgent or very common signals (see meanings below). Two-flag signals are mostly distress and maneuvering signals. Three-flag signals are for points of the compass, relative bearings, standard times, verbs, punctuation, also general code and decode signals. Four-flags are used for geographical signals, names of ships, bearings, etc. Five-flag signals are those relating to time and position. Six-flag signals are used when necessary to indicate north or south or east or west in latitude and longitude signals. Seven-flags are for longitude signals containing more than one hundred degrees.

Nautical Flags: What They Mean And How To Use Them

Some Useful Two Letter Signals:

AC – I am abandoning my vessel. LO – I am not in my correct position: used by a light vessel. RU – Keep clear of me I am maneuvering with difficulty.
AN – I need a doctor. NC – I am in distress and require immediate assistance. SO – You should stop your vessel instantly.
BR – I require a helicopter. PD – Your navigation lights are not visible. UM – the Harbour is closed to traffic.
CD – I require immediate assistance. PP – Keep well clear of me. UP – Permission to enter Harbour is urgently requested. I have an emergency.
DV – I am drifting. QD – I am going ahead. YU – I am going to communicate with your station by means of the International code of signals.
EF – SOS/MAYDAY has been canceled. QT – I am going astern. ZD1 – Please report me to the Coast Guard, New York
FA – Will you give me my position? QQ – I require health clearance. ZD2 – Please report me to Lloyds, London.
GW – Man overboard. Please take action to pick him up. QU – Anchoring is prohibited. ZL – Your signal has been received but not understood.
JL – You are running the risk of going aground. QX – I request permission to anchor.

U.S. National Ensign
& Merchant Flag

It is usually appropriate to fly the U.S. National Ensign (flag) or U.S. Yacht Ensign at the stern of your vessel.

However, when operating internationally, say going to the Bahamas, once in foreign waters you are required to fly the “Q” Flag or “Quarantine Flag” until you have cleared customs. This flag should be hoisted on the starboard spreader. If you are on a power boat with no mast, the “Q” flag can be displayed on the bow.

It is also customary to fly the country’s courtesy flag when operating in the waters of that country. After clearing customs, the “Q” flag should be replaced with the country’s courtesy flag.

When it comes to nautical flags, there are a few dos and don’ts. Naturally, you’ll want to brush up on your sailing flags and what they mean, and where and when to use them. But there are a few other etiquette rules that most books don’t teach you. Here are a few important things about maritime flags:

Don’t fly a foreign courtesy ensign after you have returned to U.S. waters. It may show that you have “been there,” but it is not proper flag etiquette.

Customs regulations and clearance procedures and costs may differ from one foreign country to another. Be sure and check your cruising guide for the proper procedures or try inquiring locally by radio prior to entering a foreign port. Although I have found that most custom officials speak some English or have access to someone who does, don’t forget that you are in their country and you should be prepared to communicate with them in their language.

So, now that you know all about signaling with nautical flags, get them out and wave them high.

What is the Christian flag, and what does it symbolize?

The Christian flag has a white field with a blue canton (a rectangular area in the upper left corner). Inside the canton is a red Latin cross. The Christian flag is designed to be universal, representing all of Christianity without regard to denomination. The Christian flag is often displayed in Protestant churches and Christian schools in North America, Latin America, and Africa.

The origin of the Christian flag can be traced to a Rally Day meeting at Brighton Chapel in Coney Island on September 26, 1897. When the scheduled speaker did not show up, Sunday School Superintendent Charles Overton stepped in to give an impromptu lesson. Since there was an American flag close to the podium, Overton discussed patriotic symbolism. As he spoke, he had an idea: why should there not also be a Christian flag with spiritual symbolism? Overton designed the flag on the spot, giving his audience a verbal picture of what such a Christian flag might look like. A few years later, Overton enlisted the aid of Ralph Diffendorfer, secretary to the Methodist Young People’s Missionary Movement, to actually produce a flag based on Overton’s idea.

We can interpret the colors and symbols of the Christian flag as follows: the field is white, representing peace, purity, and holiness. The blue canton is emblematic of loyalty and truth (and possibly of heaven or the waters of baptism). The cross in the center of the blue canton is, of course, a symbol of Christ and His work of salvation the cross is red, typical of Christ’s shed blood. Taken together, the symbols of the Christian flag portray the basics of the faith: Jesus Christ, the Holy One, died on the cross to grant us salvation, and we serve Him in fidelity and holiness, as He is faithful to us.

A salute to the Christian flag may be accompanied by a pledge:

“I pledge allegiance to the Christian flag and to the Savior for whose kingdom it stands, one Savior, crucified, risen, and coming again with life and liberty for all who believe.”

Some use a theologically liberal version of the pledge, which plays down the gospel element and emphasizes ecumenism:

“I pledge allegiance to the Christian flag and to the Savior for whose kingdom it stands, one brotherhood, uniting all mankind, in service and love.”

Others use an affirmation of loyalty to the Christian flag:

“I affirm my loyalty to the Christian flag and to our Savior whose cross it bears, one spiritual fellowship under that cross, uniting us in service and love.”

And still others pledge their allegiance specifically to the cross on the Christian flag:

“I pledge allegiance to the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the faith for which it stands, one Savior, eternal, with mercy and grace for all.”

Famous hymn writer Fanny Crosby wrote a song in 1903 eulogizing the Christian flag and what it means. Here are the lyrics to “The Christian Flag! Behold It”:

The Christian Flag! behold it,
And hail it with a song,
And let the voice of millions
The joyful strain prolong,
To every clime and nation,
We send it forth today
God speed its glorious mission,
With earnest hearts we pray.

The Christian Flag! unfurl it,
That all the world may see
The bloodstained cross of Jesus,
Who died to make us free.
The Christian Flag! unfurl it,
And o’er and o’er again,
Oh! may it bear the message,
Good will and peace to men.

The Christian Flag! God bless it!
Now throw it to the breeze,
And may it wave triumphant
O’er land and distant seas,
Till all the wide creation
Upon its folds shall gaze,
And all the world united,
Our loving Savior praise.

There is nothing sinful about displaying a Christian flag or reciting a pledge to it. Given that the Christian flag and its pledge are designed to honor the Lord Jesus, having the flag in a church or school can be a wonderful reminder of Christ and our commitment to Him. The Christian flag’s emphasis on the cross is biblical, since God, through Christ, worked “to reconcile to himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through his blood, shed on the cross” (Colossians 1:20).

At the same time, the Bible nowhere advises us to make Christian flags or gives us wording for a pledge. Since the Christian flag is a manmade design, displaying it or pledging allegiance to it is a matter of conscience and not required of any Christian.

How Not to Display the American Flag

The flag and its likeness should be treated with respect. Its image should not be cheapened or tarnished by improper use.

The flag should not be dipped to any person or thing, including government officials—even the President.

The flag should never be displayed with the union (stars) down, unless as a signal of dire distress.

The flag should never touch anything beneath it, such as the ground, the floor, water, or merchandise.

The flag should never be carried flat or horizontally, but always aloft and free.

The flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored so that it might be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way.

The flag should never be used as covering for a ceiling.

The flag should never have anything placed on it.

The flag should never be used for any advertising purpose, nor embroidered on cushions or handkerchiefs, printed on paper napkins or boxes, nor used as any portion of a costume.


  • Only the current passenger standard-issue serial format is depicted. Previous serial formats and optional issues are not depicted.
  • Florida uses six-character serial numbers, but the combinations vary. The most popular issue consists of four letters and two digits, but alternate standard issues contain four digits and two letters.
  • Maine uses a varying number of digits, but most Maine plates consist of four digits and two letters.
  • Nebraska uses sequential-issuance three-letter, three-number plates for its most populous counties and county-coded plates for the rest of the counties consisting of 1 or 2 letters and up to 5 numbers.
  • Nevada issues three letter and three number plates vehicles sold through dealers that require a new plate.
  • Tennessee issues three letter and three number plates for leased vehicles.

Formats for license plate numbers may be consistent within the state. For example, Delaware and Rhode Island were formerly able to use six-digit all-numeric serials due to their low respective populations both now use five-digit serials, with Delaware using a letter and four digits, and Rhode Island using two letters and three digits. Several populous states use seven-character formats of three letters and four digits, including 1ABC234 in California and ABC-1234 (or variations thereof) in Georgia, Michigan, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Texas, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin. Other seven-character formats include Connecticut and Illinois, which use AB-12345, and Maryland, which uses 1AB2345. Arizona uses a distinctive format with seven characters, where the number of letters and digits varies and the plates are issued in random alphanumeric blocks. [1]

Many less-populous states, such as Alaska, Arkansas, Hawaii, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, and South Carolina use a three-letter, three-number format in the format ABC-123, 123-ABC (sometimes both at the same time), or some variant thereof with mixed numbers and letters. Colorado, Florida, and New Jersey all use four letters and two numbers: Colorado and Florida use an ABC-D12 format, while New Jersey uses an A12-BCD format. Florida also uses an optional two-letter, four-number format for its no-cost "In God We Trust" plates.

License plate numbers are usually assigned in ascending order, beginning with a starting point such as AAA-001. Thus, an observer familiar with the sequence can determine roughly when the plate was issued. In a few cases, numbers have been assigned in descending order. For example, when Virginia switched to seven characters for its standard issue in 1993, numbers beginning with AAA-1000 were already in use for extra-cost, optional-issue plates therefore, the new standard license plates were issued in descending order from ZZZ-9999. [2]

Expiration date Edit

In some states, the month of expiration or the county of registration is incorporated into the plate's serial. The last number on a Massachusetts license plate indicates the month the vehicle's registration expires (for example, 1234 AB would expire in April, the fourth month 0 indicates October expirations and X and Y were used for November and December expirations, respectively, on commercial plates and pre-1978 passenger plates). The same applies to the first number or letter on West Virginia plates (1 to 9 for January through September, and O, N, and D for October, November, and December expirations, respectively). Additionally, the first letter of Missouri passenger plates denotes the month of expiration. The month's position within the calendar year corresponds roughly to the letter's position within the alphabet i.e. the letters progress from "A" and "B" for January to "Y" and "Z" for December. Maine trailer plates start with two digits and a dash, as all plates expire on the last day of February, and the first two digits of the plate are the year it expires.

County of issuance Edit

Although increasingly few states place the full name of the county of registration explicitly on their standard-issue plates, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Ohio, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee continue the practice. However, Georgia allows drivers to choose the slogan "In God We Trust" in place of the county name where the vehicle is registered, and Florida allows its residents to choose either "Sunshine State" or "In God We Trust" in place of the county name. Florida also terminated a practice by which plates registered to rented vehicles had the letter Y or Z as their first digit, which led to targeting of rental cars for theft.

In Alabama, Montana, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Wyoming, a one- or two-digit number representing the county of issue begins a license plate number. Standard-issue Idaho license plate numbers begin with a single-letter or a number-letter code representing the county of issue. County codes have been based on historical population figures, the county names in alphabetical order, or some combination thereof. Other states like Indiana and Tennessee also once used the practice, with Tennessee discontinuing in the 1980s and Indiana in 2008. In Montana, for example, the county codes were assigned around 1930 and have not changed since. [3]

Only three places in the United States use letters to designate a residence where a vehicle was registered. In Hawaii, the license plates have a unique letter designation based on the island counties that residents purchased or registered the vehicles from a vehicle with a registration number beginning with H or Z is registered in Hawai‘i County, one beginning with K is registered in Kaua‘i County, one beginning with M or L is registered in Maui County, and one beginning with any other letter (and not containing H, K, L, M, or Z) is registered in the City and County of Honolulu. In Idaho, the first one to three characters are used to designate the county of residence/registration. For example, all vehicles registered in Ada county start with 1A, vehicles in Twin Falls County start with 2T and vehicles in Valley county start with V (as there is only one county that starts with the letter V). In the US territory of Guam, the license plates use the first two letters that are coded by village of issuance, for example, "TM-1234" refers to a vehicle that was registered by a person who lives the village of Tamuning.

Several states do require vehicles to display county codes, but these codes are not part of the serial. Indiana and Ohio display two-number county codes, while Kansas plates display two-letter county codes, but these codes are placed on a sticker or are printed in the corner of the plate in a smaller font size. Texas places the county name only on the windshield registration sticker, where the car's license plate number is also printed.

Skipping characters Edit

For various reasons related to visibility and readability, some states and territories exclude certain letters from use in their license plate serial formats. The most commonly skipped characters are I, O, and Q, with some states using only one or two of the three while others will skip all three of these letters. Other states, such as Colorado, Georgia and South Carolina have gradually adopted one or more of these letters over a course of years after previously skipping them in order to accommodate the demands of population growth and depletion of available serial combinations. The most common argument behind skipping I, O, and Q is that they can be too easily confused with 0, 1, and other characters, particularly when there isn't adequate spacing or divider between numbers and letters.

California currently only uses I, O, and Q in between two other letters, for example "1AQA000". [ citation needed ] A unique example of character use is Texas, which used to issue serials using all 26 letters but currently skips all vowels along with the letter Q on passenger plates (as these letters are reserved for truck plates).

In amateur radio license plate issues, all states that have them available, except Pennsylvania & Tennessee, use a unique slashed zero character in place of the standard "0" character due to lack of spacing between letters and numbers. In Pennsylvania, the die used for the number "0" is different than the one used for the letter "O" since the state's number dies are taller and narrower than its letter dies. Iowa is a unique example in the use of this character, which began using the slashed zero beginning in 2012 on all standard passenger plates as opposed to the traditional symbol for zero to differentiate it from the letter "O" which is also used.

Persons with disabilities Edit

In the states, special plates displaying the International Symbol of Accessibility are issued to persons with disabilities that entitle them to special parking privileges. Alternately, a placard, which in some jurisdictions can be hung from the rear view mirror, may be issued the placard has the advantage of being transferred from vehicle to vehicle.

The following tables give information on license plates currently being issued, with 2014 or later expiration dates, for private (non-commercial) use on passenger vehicles by the governments of the fifty U.S. states, the District of Columbia, the five inhabited U.S. territories, and Native American tribes. Information on serial numbering patterns is also given. Older designs and serial formats previously issued may still be valid for continued usage in certain jurisdictions these are noted in a separate table below.

In addition to "regular" passenger plates, all jurisdictions also provide plates for other types of vehicles that may only be roughly similar in design and layout. Additionally, there has been an increasing trend in the field of "specialty" plates to promote specific causes or interests. To keep this table as simple as possible, most of these alternate types of plates will not be noted. More information may also be found within the individual articles for each state, as linked within the table. Exceptions to this guideline may be made for specialty plates that are available at no extra cost to the motorist, as these tend to be seen more commonly on the roads.

  • 0AB1234 (single-digit counties)
  • 00AB123 (double-digit counties) [5]
  • ABC 123, where first letter is A-G, J, N, P, or R-Y (City and County of Honolulu)
  • HAB 123/ZAB 123 (Hawai‘i County)
  • KAB 123 (Kaua‘i County)
  • LAB 123/MAB 123 (Maui County)
  • A 123456 (variable number of digits following space)
  • 0A 12345 (variable number of digits following space)
  • 0A B1234 (following exhaustion of above format)
  • 0A BC123 (following exhaustion of above format)
  • 0A 1B234 (following exhaustion of above format)
  • 0A 1234B (following exhaustion of above format)
  • 00A 1234 (variable number of digits following space)
  • 12A 345
  • 1ABC 23
  • 1AB 234
  • 123 AB4
  • 12A B34
  • 1234 AB
  • 123 ABC
  • 0-12345A (variable number of digits following divider)
  • 00-1234A (variable number of digits following divider)
  • 0-12345A (variable number of digits following divider)
  • 00-1234A (variable number of digits following divider)
  • 0-A1234 (variable number of digits following letter)
  • 0-AB123 (following exhaustion of above format variable number of digits following letter)
  • 00-A123 (variable number of digits following divider)
  • 00-AB12 (following exhaustion of above format variable number of digits following divider)
  • 0A1 234
  • 0AB 123
  • 00A 123
  • A12-34B February 2011 – April 2016
  • 1A2-3B4 April 2016 – present
  • 0AB 123 (1 through 9 for January through September, respectively)
  • ABC 123 (O, N, and D for October, November, and December, respectively)
  • 0-12345 (variable number of digits following divider)
  • 0-1234A (following exhaustion of above format variable number of digits following divider)
  • 00-12345 (variable number of digits following divider)

Plates with the following designs and serial formats are no longer being issued but may still be valid for use in certain instances. This table does not include year of manufacture registrations.

  • ABC1234 (variable number of digits following space)
  • ABC123A (following exhaustion of above format)
  • A 123456 (variable number of digits following space)
  • 0A 12345 (variable number of digits following space)
  • 0A B1234 (following exhaustion of above format)
  • 0A BC123 (following exhaustion of above format)
  • 0C-12345 (variable number of digits following divider)
  • 0C-1234A (following exhaustion of above format variable number of digits following divider)
  • 0-12345A (variable number of digits following divider)

black on orange, white, and blue gradient with palmetto tree in center

  • 0AB 123 (1 through 9 for January through September, respectively)
  • ABC 123 (O, N, and D for October, November, and December, respectively)

Prior to 1984 license plates for diplomatic vehicles were provided by the jurisdiction where the foreign mission was located. The District of Columbia provided license plates for missions headquartered in the capital, and New York provided plates for members of the United Nations, etc. Upon passage of the Foreign Missions Act in 1984 registration authority for foreign mission vehicles was centralized with the U.S. Department of State. [43] [44] [45] [46]

From 1984 until August 28, 2007, all plates issued followed the pattern of a letter identifying the status of the owner, followed by the two-letter country code, followed by a random three or four-digit number (S AB 1234). For member countries of the Organization of American States (OAS), a subset of that numbering pattern was allotted to vehicles based at those countries' missions to the OAS. Plates issued to cars based at the headquarters of the United Nations in New York City were issued in the reverse format, with the three or four-digit number first, followed by the two-letter country code, followed by the status code (1234 AB S).

The location of the status codes, either as the first or last character, allows the city of assignment to be easily identified because representatives of certain countries are limited to travel in a certain radius from their base. The status codes used until 2007 were "C" for Foreign Consul "D" for Diplomat "S" for Non-Diplomatic Staff and "A" for the OAS. Status codes used for U.N. personnel until 2007 were "A" for the U.N. Secretariat "D" for U.N. missions and diplomatic personnel and "S" for U.N. Staff. The rights of the driver and car under diplomatic immunity are defined by this status code.

The country codes are unique to each particular country, but do not correlate to ISO Country Codes or other standards format. For example, in the system used until 2007, France is "DJ" rather than "F", and Australia is "XZ" rather than "AUS".

Для показа рекламных объявлений Etsy по интересам используются технические решения сторонних компаний.

Мы привлекаем к этому партнеров по маркетингу и рекламе (которые могут располагать собранной ими самими информацией). Отказ не означает прекращения демонстрации рекламы Etsy или изменений в алгоритмах персонализации Etsy, но может привести к тому, что реклама будет повторяться чаще и станет менее актуальной. Подробнее в нашей Политике в отношении файлов Cookie и схожих технологий.


The watercraft operator should ensure that the wash they create does not impact negatively on life in the water or constructions in progress. Different sites get placed with no wash sign. Thus, the vessel operators should ensure that they abide by the rules.

It is wise to be cautious and look behind to see whether your vessel is creating any wash. The excess wash may endanger other vessels and also destroy plants in the water. It is fair enough to adjust to the necessary speed that is wash free.

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