Category: Information

The Last Notes

Wilson's Fourteen Points (1918)

Wilson's Fourteen Points (1918)

Wilson's Fourteen Points are proposals made by United States President Thomas Woodrow Wilson in anticipation of Allied victory in World War I. The purpose of these proposals was to define the war goals of the Allies and to lay the foundations for a just and lasting peace.

Battle of the Marne (September 1914)

Battle of the Marne (September 1914)

The first battle of the Marne, fought between September 5 and 12, 1914, halted German advance in north-eastern France and opened the era of "trench warfare." From the start of World War I, the German army violated Belgian neutrality under the Schlieffen plan which consisted of outflanking the left of the French army to encircle it.

The Loire, frontier of the Hundred Years War (1419-1440)

The Loire, frontier of the Hundred Years War (1419-1440)

Far from the big battles (often French defeats), the devastating English rides of the Black Prince, or the struggles for the big cities (Orléans, Paris, ...), there is a region in France which was the little-known but decisive theater of the Hundred Years War, and the conflict between Armagnacs and Burgundians.

Ephemeris of September 11

Ephemeris of September 11

September 11, 2001: Four American airliners are hijacked by hijackers. Two of them crash into the World Trade Center towers, which collapse. The third crashed into the Pentagon and the fourth crashed into the ground. 1973: Chilean military led by General Pinochet forcibly overthrows Salvador Allende's government, with CIA support.

Ephemeris of September 12

Ephemeris of September 12

1943: An SS commando frees Mussolini, imprisoned in Abruzzo since July. 1940: Four young Perigordians discover the Lascaux cave near Montignac. 1914: French victory over the Marne. The battle, which lasted for seven days, marks the halt in the advance of the German troops.

Hugues Capet, King of France and founder of the dynasty

Hugues Capet, King of France and founder of the dynasty

Duke, then king of France from 987 to 996, Hugues Ier Capet is the founder of the Capetian dynasty. When he came to power in place of the last Carolingian suitor, the royal authority, reduced to a few territories in Ile de France, appeared weak in the face of the power of the great feudal lords.

White terror in France: the royalist reaction of 1815

White terror in France: the royalist reaction of 1815

Après la chute de Napoléon en juin 1815, une nouvelle Terreur blanche est menée par les ultraroyalistes, qui bénéficient du soutien de la France rurale et du clergé. Cette & 34;contre-révolution& 34; sva s& 39;employer à éliminer de tous les organes du pouvoir et de l& 39;administration les anciens révolutionnaires ou bonapartistes, et à extirper du pays tout l& 39;héritage politique et idéologique de cette période.

Jean-Baptiste Colbert (1619-1683) - Biography

Jean-Baptiste Colbert (1619-1683) - Biography

After ousting his rival Fouquet, Colbert was Comptroller General of Finance (1665), Secretary of State for the King's Household and the Navy (1668), and strongly influenced the internal and foreign policy of the Sun King. More illustrious of the great clerks of the State, Colbert not only marked his time under Louis XIV, but also left a lasting imprint on French politics, to the point of giving his name to a doctrine: Colbertism, a mixture of protectionism and state intervention in the economy.

Ephemeris of September 6

Ephemeris of September 6

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Ephemeris of August 31

Ephemeris of August 31

1980: The Polish authorities sign agreements with the Solidarnosc union, which led the strike at the Gdansk shipyards. This is the beginning of a process which will culminate in the fall of communism in Poland. 1907: By an agreement with the Russian Empire, the United Kingdom integrates the Franco-Russian alliance of 1893.

Ephemeris of August 16

Ephemeris of August 16

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Battle of Crécy (1346)

Battle of Crécy (1346)

The Battle of Crécy, August 26, 1346, is the prelude to a dynastic quarrel that will oppose the kings of France and England for more than a century. Act I of the Hundred Years' War, which thundered into Christendom, will take place on a battlefield in northern France, near Crécy-en-Ponthieu (today in the Somme).

Ephemeris of August 20

Ephemeris of August 20

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The alignments of Carnac (Morbihan)

The alignments of Carnac (Morbihan)

The alignments of Carnac have several thousand megalithic monuments, menhirs, dolmens and tumuli, dating from the Neolithic and the beginning of the Bronze Age. Located in Morbihan, Carnac means "the place where there are mounds of stones". It is a fascinating place, both for the beauty of the buildings and for the unsolved mystery of the presence of the menhirs, dolmens and cromlechs erected by man between 5000 and 3000 BC.

Ephemeris of August 24

Ephemeris of August 24

1968: The 1st French thermonuclear bomb is tested in Polynesia. France becomes the 4th country in the world to acquire this type of weaponry, after the USA, the USSR and the United Kingdom. 1572: Saint-Barthélemy Massacre: Protestants gathered in Paris for the wedding of Henri de Navarre and Marguerite de Valois are eliminated.

Ephemeris of September 3

Ephemeris of September 3

1943: Italy switches to the side of the Allies, signing an armistice with the Anglo-Americans and declaring war on Germany. The fighting in the peninsula will continue until the spring of 1945. 1658: Oliver Cromwell, the English dictator, dies, leaving the country in the hands of his son Richard.

History of the World

History of the World

Let’s talk about an event that has all the aspects of a Hollywood war movie, the hunt and the tragic end of Battleship Bismarck. The context: May 1941, England is alone against the Nazi ogre, France has been defeated, the United States will not go to war until December of the same year. The players: the German and British fleets, rivals since the Battle of Jutland in 1916, led by some of their most prestigious ships.

The tactics of the Civil War

The tactics of the Civil War

Page 1 sur 2Longtemps laissée pour compte par l’histoire militaire, car sans doute vue comme triviale et parfois sordide, l’étude du combat en tant que tel n’a été réhabilitée que de manière relativement tardive. En France, on l’associe généralement à la Première guerre mondiale et au courant de l’historial de Péronne, avec une histoire du conflit centrée sur l’étude du quotidien, des consciences et des individus plutôt que sur celle des campagnes et des batailles.

Pacific War (1941-1945)

Pacific War (1941-1945)

When we speak of the Second World War, in Europe and more particularly in France, the theater of the Pacific War is often little known, even ignored. We could explain it by the fact that this war concerned more specifically the Japanese and the Americans, but this would also forget the presence of the European colonies, directly affected by the conflict, as well as the active participation of the English, of course, but also of the French, of these same Europeans.

The armies of the Civil War

The armies of the Civil War

After the Stars and Bars - the first flag of the new southern nation, which officially knew three in its brief existence - had been hoisted to the top, truncated by a shell, from the mast of Fort Sumter on April 13, 1861, the first The challenge faced by the two belligerents of the Civil War was to equip themselves with an army capable of waging war.