Category: Interesting

The Last Notes

Industrial revolution in France and around the world (19th century)

Industrial revolution in France and around the world (19th century)

From the end of the 18th century, the Industrial Revolution ushered in a period of transition from an economy traditionally based on agriculture to an economy based on the mechanized and large-scale production of manufactured goods. At the origin of a considerable social change, the phenomenon of the industrial revolution occurs at different times in different countries.

The Grand Arcane of the Kings of France (J. d'Aillon)

The Grand Arcane of the Kings of France (J. d'Aillon)

Talented investigator created by Jean d & 39; Aillon, Louis de Fronsac, the man with the black ribbons, in turn in the service of Cardinal Richelieu, then of Mazarin and in this work, of Hugues de Lionne, Minister of & 39; 39; State of Louis XIV, returns in a new detective plot with this historical novel: Le Grand Arcane des Rois de France (2015).

Ephemeris of August 5

Ephemeris of August 5

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Invention of electricity (1800)

Invention of electricity (1800)

The invention of electricity, or rather the elaboration of the science of electrifying phenomena, was materialized by Coulomb's Law (1785), allowing Volta to create the first electric battery (1800) then to Thomas Edison to light up factories and homes (1879). If electrical phenomena have always existed and have been observed since antiquity, it was not until the end of the 18th century to theorize them, and the 19th century to master them.

Ephemeris of August 1

Ephemeris of August 1

1936: Adolf Hitler opens the Olympic Games in Berlin. 1914: Germany declares war on Russia, while France orders general mobilization. 1798: In Aboukir harbor (Egypt), the French fleet commanded by Admiral Brueys d & 39; Aigaïlliers is defeated by the British fleet under the orders of Admiral Nelson.

Ephemeris of July 28

Ephemeris of July 28

1914: One month after the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia. 1833: The Guizot law requires municipalities with more than 500 inhabitants to arm themselves of at least one primary school for boys and to maintain at least one teacher.

Religious wars in France (1562-1598)

Religious wars in France (1562-1598)

If there is a period in the history of France that comes up regularly in the debate, probably with the Revolution, it is that of the wars of religion. We talk about their pell-mell influence on the creation of the concept of secularism, on the affirmation of absolute monarchy and on that of nation-states, when we leave the Franco-French context to take an interest in Europe.

Carolingian Renaissance: Discoveries and Rediscoveries

Carolingian Renaissance: Discoveries and Rediscoveries

Charlemagne's reign corresponded to an intellectual awakening of the West, the beginning of a period commonly known as the "Carolingian Renaissance". When we usually think of the term "Renaissance" in history, we immediately think of Leonardo da Vinci, Italy, Florence or the discovery of America.

July 21 ephemeris

July 21 ephemeris

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July 20 ephemeris

July 20 ephemeris

1944: Operation Valkyrie: Hitler escapes an assassination attempt fomented by Count Claus von Stauffenberg, and in which many German officers are involved. 1881: Sioux leader Sitting Bull surrenders to the US Army. 1031: The king of France Robert II Le Pieux died in Melun at the age of 61.

Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa (1212)

Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa (1212)

The Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212 is a decisive step for the success of the Reconquista of southern Spain by the Christian kingdoms. After a first phase which culminated in the capture of Toledo in 1085, the Reconquista had to stop in the face of the Almoravids counter-offensive from the Battle of Zallaqa in 1086.

Charlotte Corday, the angel who murdered Marat

Charlotte Corday, the angel who murdered Marat

"I killed a man to save a hundred thousand." Charlotte Corday said after murdering Marat. By this very symbolic act, accomplished by her alone and in the name of the principles of 1789, she became the most famous woman of the French Revolution, later nicknamed & 34; angel of the assassination & 34; by Lamartine.

Jean Moulin - The face of resistance

Jean Moulin - The face of resistance

Arrested and tortured by the Germans in 1943, Jean Moulin was the face of France which resisted the Nazi occupier. Former prefect of Chartres and made available by the Vichy government, he joined De Gaulle in London. The latter then entrusts him with the heavy task of gathering and organizing the resistance in the southern zone.

Henri II - King of France (1547-1559)

Henri II - King of France (1547-1559)

Henry II was King of France from 1547-1559. Son of King Francis I and Claudius of France, he married the Florentine aristocrat Catherine de Medici in 1533. Shortly after his marriage, he took as mistress Diane de Poitiers who would exercise a great influence on the politics of France. Henri, after his accession to the throne in 1547.

The prince and the arts, from Henri II to Louis XIV

The prince and the arts, from Henri II to Louis XIV

If patronage and the relationship between the prince and the arts are old, it is often considered that Renaissance France, that of Francis I, is one of the most perfect examples. The castles of the Loire, commissions from the greatest artists of his time, make Valois the ideal patron prince.

The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci (1494-1498)

The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci (1494-1498)

The Last Supper painted in fresco by Leonardo da Vinci between 1494 and 1498 on the wall of the refectory of the Dominican convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, is, despite its poor state of preservation, one of the most famous works of art Christian. Without looking for so-called occult meanings, such as the Da Vinci code, Dan Brown's 2003 bestseller who claimed to see in Saint John Mary Magdalene the hidden wife of Jesus, the work remains nonetheless mysterious. and fascinating.

July 5th ephemeris

July 5th ephemeris

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July 3 ephemeris

July 3 ephemeris

1940: Attacked by the English navy following the signing of the armistice signed between France and Germany, The French fleet is destroyed at Mers-El-Kebir. 1642: Marie de Medici, mother of Louix XIII, dies in Cologne, where she was in exile, banished from the kingdom of France by her son. 1608: French explorer Samuel de Champlain founds Quebec City in Canada.

Ephemeris of June 28

Ephemeris of June 28

1919: The treaty ending the First World War is signed in the Hall of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles, between Germany and the Allies. 1914: Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria- Hungary, and his wife, Sophie de Hoenberg, visiting Sarajevo, are assassinated by a 19-year-old Serbian nationalist, Gavrilo Princip.

The Raft of the Medusa (Géricault)

The Raft of the Medusa (Géricault)

Théodore Géricault began painting at the age of fifteen. Attracted by Michelangelo, Rubens and Caravaggio, he first painted military subjects. Thanks to his Raft of the Medusa, a painting produced in 1819 and kept in the Louvre, romantic painting was born. Among the most important artists of Romanticism, he gives us a "raw" realism and not an ideal, thanks to the choice of his subjects, adding strength, emotion and passion.