Category: New

The Last Notes

Ephemeris of June 23

Ephemeris of June 23

1956: At the end of a referendum where 99.84 of the voters voted on his name, Gamal Abdel Nasser is elected President of the Republic of Egypt. 1789: Mirabeau establishes himself as one of the main speakers from the third estate, then from the National Assembly, declaring during a session of the States General: & 34; Go tell the king that we are here by the will of the people and that we will only get out of it by the force of bayonets & 34 ;.

Ephemeris of June 27

Ephemeris of June 27

1936: At the tribune of the League of Nations (SDN) in Geneva, the Emperor of Ethiopia Hailé Sélassié denounces the invasion of his country. Two months earlier, the fascist Italy of Benito Mussolini invaded Ethiopia and forced its emperor into exile. 1905: The crew of the Russian battleship & 34; Potemkin & 34 ;, in the port of & 39; ; Odessa on the Black Sea, revolts after an officer shoots down a sailor who complained about the rotten meat served on board.

Romanticism in France in the 19th century

Romanticism in France in the 19th century

"Romanticism" is a form of literary and artistic sensibility expressing the heartbreak of amorous passions and the anguish of human loneliness. Around 1800, the whole of Europe was affected by the Romantic movement. In France, the classical tradition has dominated letters and the arts for nearly two centuries.

Blanche of Castille, queen and regent of France

Blanche of Castille, queen and regent of France

Of Spanish and English origin, Blanche of Castille married Prince Louis, son of the King of France Philippe Auguste, as part of a peace treaty between France and England. She became a widow when the heir to the throne, the future Saint Louis, was only twelve years old. For nearly ten years, the Queen would serve as regent and spare no effort to maintain the integrity and stability of the kingdom, ruling with authority and suppressing several revolts.

Bouchard de Vendôme, a 10th century knight

Bouchard de Vendôme, a 10th century knight

Bouchard II de Vendôme (†1007) encore appelé Bouchard le Vénérable est un comte du Xème siècle, féal des rois Hugues Capet et Robert le Pieux. Il nous est connu, notamment au travers le texte « La Vie de Bouchard, comte de Melun » qu& 39;Odon ou Eudes, moine de l& 39;abbaye de Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, rédigea vers l& 39;an 1058.

The Roaring Twenties in France (1920-1929)

The Roaring Twenties in France (1920-1929)

The Roaring Twenties in France correspond to the 1920s. At the end of the First World War, France counts its dead on the field of honor. It is the whole view of war that has changed, as evidenced by the abundance of specific literature. Faced with new emerging problems, answers are proposed by the various political groups in power, from the National Bloc to the National Union.

Ephemeris of December 21

Ephemeris of December 21

1991: Eleven Soviet republics proclaim the end of the USSR and the birth of the Commonwealth of Independent States. 1958: Charles de Gaulle is elected by an electoral college, President of the French Republic. 1880: The deputy of the left and close to Jules Ferry, Camille Sée makes the higher education of young girls a matter of state by creating public high schools intended for them.

Ephemeris of June 20

Ephemeris of June 20

1991. Berlin becomes the capital of the reunified German Federal Republic, after being divided for almost 45 years. The Bundestag (destroyed by fire in 1933) will once again become the seat of the German Parliament in 1999.1940: While the French army is in the midst of debacle, the battleship Jean Bart, although unfinished, manages to leave the harbor of Saint Nazaire and to reach Morocco.

Jules Ferry, founding father of public and secular schools

Jules Ferry, founding father of public and secular schools

Jules Ferry was a French politician of the Third Republic, favorable to the republican ideas inherited from the French Revolution. In 1870, the Third Republic was proclaimed and Jules Ferry therefore held important ministerial positions. He passed several laws that strengthen public freedoms, but his most famous reforms were in the field of education.

Ephemeris of June 16

Ephemeris of June 16

1881. The French Minister of Public Instruction Jules Ferry passes a law establishing free public education. The foundations of public and secular education in the Third Republic were thus laid. 1940. Philippe Pétain, Marshal of France and until then Vice Chairman of the Board of the Reynaud firm, is appointed Chairman of the Board.

Fall of Saint Jean d'Acre and end of the Crusades

Fall of Saint Jean d'Acre and end of the Crusades

At the end of the 13th century, the Crusader States are in agony; The West is ignoring them, and the latest expeditions to save them have failed. At the same time, Muslims resisted the Mongol fury thanks to the Mamluks. It is the latter who will complete the Frankish States and sign what is considered the end of the epic of the Crusades, symbolized by the fall of Seant-Jean-d & 39; Acre in 1291.

The Second Crusade (1147-1149)

The Second Crusade (1147-1149)

The Second Crusade is a military expedition started in 1147 to counter the Muslim threat to the Latin States, created during the First Crusade. Despite the massive departure of the warrior pilgrims, eager to return to the West their accomplished duty, these Crusader States survived and were even consolidated at the beginning of the 12th century, with the kingdom of Jerusalem led by Baldwin I as the figurehead.

Le Camp du Drap d'Or (June 7, 1520)

Le Camp du Drap d'Or (June 7, 1520)

The Camp du Drap d'Or, nicknamed the Bivouac de Luxe, is the meeting of two kings on June 7, 1520: François I and Henri VIII. The King of France hoped to obtain the signing of a treaty of alliance with the sovereign of England, in order to counterbalance the new political situation arising from the election of Charles V as head of the Holy Roman Empire, June 28, 1519.

June 6, 1944, Normandy landings (Overlord)

June 6, 1944, Normandy landings (Overlord)

On June 6, 1944, Operation Overlord was launched. It consists of carrying out a landing in Normandy in preparation for the final offensive against Germany, where the "Atlantic wall", fortifications erected by the Germans, seems weakest. From the dawn of this "longest day", American, British and Canadian troops land on the beaches of Omaha, Utah, Gold, Juno and Sword, in Normandy, inaugurating the Liberation of French territory, held by the Germans since 1940.

René Descartes (1596-1650) - Biography

René Descartes (1596-1650) - Biography

René Descartes (1596-1650) is a French philosopher, physicist and mathematician, theorist of rationalism. Published in 1637, His Discourse on Method is his most important work. In mathematics, he developed algebraic writing and founded analytical geometry. Descartes will influence opposing philosophical currents, such as Malebranche's mysticism or Diderot's rationalism.

Ephemeris of June 12

Ephemeris of June 12

1985: Portugal and Spain sign their membership of the European Economic Community (EEC). 1964: Nelson Mandela and seven other members of the African National Congress (ANC) are sentenced to life in prison for treason. 1937 : The campaign of purges launched by Joseph Stalin against the so-called Trotskyists reaches the high command of the Red Army.

Ephemeris of June 3

Ephemeris of June 3

1899: Start of the second trial of Alfred Dreyfus. This trial will once again unleash passions in France and strengthen the nationalist and anti-Semitic current in full swing. 1943: Creation in Algiers of the French Committee for National Liberation (CFLN). Co-chaired by General De Gaulle and General Giraud, its vocation is to lead Free France alongside the allies.

Elisabeth II of the United Kingdom - Biography

Elisabeth II of the United Kingdom - Biography

Elisabeth II (Elizabeth II in English), Queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland since 1952, is also the reigning head of state of fifteen other countries from the former British Empire, such as Canada, the Australia and New Zealand. During her long reign, Queen Elisabeth II saw fifteen Prime Ministers parade through Buckingham Palace, including Winston Churchill, Margaret Thatcher and Tony Blair.

May 26th ephemeris

May 26th ephemeris

1972: The United States and the USSR sign the SALT agreements (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, "negotiations on the limitation of strategic arms"). 1940: Operation Dynamo. Surrounded by the Germans, the allies begin the evacuation of Dunkirk. 1521: Emperor Charles V promulgates the Edit of Worms which banishes reformer Martin Luther from the Empire.

Ephemeris of May 27

Ephemeris of May 27

1968: The negotiations started on May 25, 68 between the government, the employers and the unions, lead to the so-called & 34; grenelle & 34; agreements. 1952: The fear of a possible third world war, fueled by the context of the war cold, urges European leaders to seriously consider the establishment of a common army (CED).