Category: Various

The Last Notes

Simon Bolivar, liberator of Latin America

Simon Bolivar, liberator of Latin America

Mythical figure of Latin America, man acquired to liberal ideas in vogue in the nineteenth century, Simon Bolivar is the liberator of much of the South American continent from the Spanish yoke, which has earned him the nickname of "El Libertador ”. By the military exploits he accomplished in the face of the Spanish armies and the important political functions he held in several South American countries, he left an indelible mark on this continent, to such an extent that he has acquired the status of a myth.

Battle of Poitiers (732)

Battle of Poitiers (732)

The battle of Poitiers in 732 and the victory of Charles Martel would have marked the confrontation between a “Merovingian Gaul” in full mutation and an Islam which celebrates its first century of existence, but also the emergence of a new dynasty and the emergence of an "identity" that some consider constructed "in opposition" to Muslims.

Ephemeris of October 31

Ephemeris of October 31

1992: The Vatican rehabilitates Galileo. 1984: Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by two Sikh extremists. 1517: On the door of the church in Wittenberg in Saxony, the priest Martin Luther displays his 95 theses. 1512: Inauguration of the fresco in the Sistine Chapel, commissioned from Michelangelo by Pope Julius II.

The Templars - Foundation and fall of the Order of the Temple

The Templars - Foundation and fall of the Order of the Temple

In the Middle Ages, the Templars were members of a religious and military order responsible for protecting pilgrims in the Holy Land. The origin of the Order of the Temple is relatively uncertain. He could have come from the Order of Canons of the Holy Sepulcher, which some knights left around 1119-1120.

Suez Canal, from its construction to the 1956 crisis

Suez Canal, from its construction to the 1956 crisis

The Suez Canal is an artificial waterway that crosses the Suez Isthmus from north to south in Egypt. It was notably pierced thanks to the decisive intervention of the French diplomat Ferdinand de Lesseps, who also began work on the Panama Canal, without however completing his project.

Conversations with myself (Nelson Mandela, autobiography)

Conversations with myself (Nelson Mandela, autobiography)

In many ways, the publication of this work represents a historic event. In line with the memories of great figures of the twentieth century but using an original process, Nelson Mandela provides us with a precious amount of information on his incredible personal and political journey. Complementary work of his famous Un Long Chemin vers la Liberté published in 1994, Conversations avec moi à tout pour faire date and resonates like a distant echo of the Thoughts for myself of the emperor Marc Aurèle… Genesis of an original work As is well known, Nelson Mandela has, since the Rivonia trial (1962), been the object and author of a whole, particularly diverse biographical literature.

Battle of Trafalgar (1805)

Battle of Trafalgar (1805)

This naval battle won on October 21, 1805 by the British fleet, led by Admiral Nelson over the Napoleonic fleet, commanded by Admiral Villeneuve and supported by the Spanish fleet, took place off Cape Trafalgar to the south from Spain near Cadiz. It pitted eighteen French and fifteen Spanish ships against twenty-seven British ships.

Powder Conspiracy (England, 1605)

Powder Conspiracy (England, 1605)

The Powder Conspiracy is a plot fomented on November 5, 1605 by a group of Catholic activists against King James I of England. The conspirators had planned to detonate barrels of powder in the House of Lords in retaliation for the anti-Catholic policies pursued by the king.

Ephemeris of November 6

Ephemeris of November 6

1975: & 34; Green March & 34; Morocco tries to appropriate Western Sahara. 1917: Beginning of the & 34; October Revolution & 34; in Russia. 1793: Philippe-Egalité, accused of wanting to restore the monarchy, is guillotined. 1792: Revolutionary France wins the battle of Jemmapes against Austria, which must cede Belgium.

Ephemeris of November 26

Ephemeris of November 26

1764: The Jesuits are driven out of France. Louis XV dissolves the Jesuit Order. 1680: Louis XIV declares war on Holland. 1620: The Mayflower docks in America and the pioneers found Plymouth. Thanksgiving commemorates this event. 985: Foundation of the city of Montpellier. To read in the same section: Our other articles on the same theme

Abd er-Rahman against Charles Martel (S. Guemriche)

Abd er-Rahman against Charles Martel (S. Guemriche)

The Battle of Poitiers is still considered to be one of the great dates in French history today. Its evocation still provokes a number of debates and recoveries, despite recent work which has relativized its importance, and explained the context which led to its mythification, until today.

Battle of the Coral Sea (May 1942)

Battle of the Coral Sea (May 1942)

The Battle of the Coral Sea, which took place May 4-8, 1942 between Anglo-American and Japanese forces, was a major naval and air engagement of World War II. The Japanese, who already controlled much of the Pacific region from Peral Harbor, planned to conquer Australia and positioned themselves to prepare for this invasion.

Nostradamus (Michel de Nostredame, 1503-1566)

Nostradamus (Michel de Nostredame, 1503-1566)

Michel de Nostredame, otherwise called Nostradamus, is best known for his astrology and his prophecies. And yet ... a Renaissance humanist, open to the ideas of the Reformation, he rubbed shoulders with great figures such as his friend Rabelais, Catherine de Medici, Charles IX, of whom he was & 34; ordinary doctor "and many others.

Women in the Middle Ages

Women in the Middle Ages

What was the place and life of women in the Middle Ages in medieval society? This was declined according to the diversity of ages and social positions, according to the place occupied in the family, within the couple in relation to sexuality, and to the primordial role of motherhood. From the granddaughter to the grandmother, from the peasant woman to the nun passing by the gente dame, it is a whole little-known universe that we are recently rediscovering.

October 17, 1961: Bloody repression in Paris

October 17, 1961: Bloody repression in Paris

On October 17, 1961, in the midst of the Algerian war and at the call of the FLN, thousands of demonstrators marched without violence in a Paris under tension. The reaction of the police, led by a certain Maurice Papon, is very violent: the demonstrators are pursued and beaten, thrown into the Seine or arrested.

William the Conqueror - Biography

William the Conqueror - Biography

William the Conqueror is the most famous of the Dukes of Normandy. On September 28, 1066, William, who was still only & 34; the Bastard & 34;, landed in England with his army, determined to ensure his rights over the crown prevail. A brilliant seasoned strategist with his victories over the troops of King Henry I of France in 1054 and 1058, William emerges victorious from the Battle of Hastings and seizes the Kingdom of England.

Queen Margot (Marguerite de Valois) - Biography

Queen Margot (Marguerite de Valois) - Biography

Marguerite de Valois (1553-1615), known as Queen Margot, Queen of France and Navarre, was the daughter of King Henry II and Catherine de Medici and sister of Charles IX and Henry III. Immortalized in cinema by actress Isabelle Adjani, Queen Margot was not the "sassy girl" novelists have described to us.

The prince in the Renaissance

The prince in the Renaissance

The transition from the Middle Ages to the so-called "modern" era is generally referred to as the Renaissance. This term is however more attached to the artistic field than to the political one, and we know the debates it provokes, and not only on its chronological limits. What interests us here is to know whether, between the end of the 15th century and the beginning of the 16th century, the notion of prince evolved, if there was really a rupture between the prince of the Middle Ages and that of the modern era.

Franco-Prussian War of 1870

Franco-Prussian War of 1870

The War of 1870 pitted France and allied Prussia against a coalition of German states, from July 1870 to January 1871. It originated in a diplomatic incident between the two countries over the succession of the Crown of Spain, the ambitious Chancellor Bismarck having skillfully trapped Napoleon III with the famous dispatch from Ems.

Louis XIV - King of France (1643-1715)

Louis XIV - King of France (1643-1715)

The king of France Louis XIV, nicknamed "the Great" or "the Sun King", had the longest reign in French history (1643-1715). Anxious to modernize the administration and economic structures of his kingdom, his reign oscillated between successes and particularly long and ruinous wars for the state finances.