Category: Various

The Last Notes

Yom Kippur War (October 1973)

Yom Kippur War (October 1973)

The Yom Kippur War is the fourth armed conflict between Israel and neighboring Arab countries, which began on October 6, 1973, the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur. It is the start of a month of war, where Israel, as never since its war of independence, will be threatened in its very existence. Regional showdown this conflict will also have important global repercussions, whether in the Soviet Union or in the United States, quickly overtaken by events.

Ephemeris of October 3

Ephemeris of October 3

1990: Unification of the GDR and the FRG: Germany regains its sovereignty. 1971: Placement of the Soviet probe Luna into lunar orbit 19.1969: Creation by the member countries of the IMF of the Special Drawing Rights (SDR), the first system monetary not based on gold. 1929: The Serbo-Croatian-Slovenian kingdom takes the name of Yugoslavia.

Ephemeris of October 11

Ephemeris of October 11

1962: Opening of the Second Vatican Council in Rome. 1899: Start of the Boer War in South Africa 1811: The first steamboat, the Juliana, is launched. 1794: The remains of Jean-Jacques Rousseau are transferred to the Pantheon. 1531: Victory of the Swiss Catholic cantons over the Zurich residents at Kappel.

Louis XIII - King of France (1610-1643)

Louis XIII - King of France (1610-1643)

Of the king of France Louis XIII, Alexandre Dumas will draw an unflattering portrait: "Vain sovereign, capricious and unfaithful, capable of the coldest cruelty, a weak heart lacking in generosity ...". Beyond the image conveyed by the swashbuckling novels, Louis XIII was against him to see his glory eclipsed by that of his father Henri IV and his son Louis XIV.

Ephemeris of October 1

Ephemeris of October 1

1969: The Concorde 001 succeeds in its first supersonic flight at a speed of 1,062 km / h, or Mach 1.05. 1949: From the top of the balcony of the Forbidden City in Beijing, Mao Zedong proclaims the People's Republic of China. 1936: General Franco, leader of the Spanish rebel nationalists, is proclaimed & 34; generalissimo & 34; and head of state in Burgos.

Jean de La Fontaine - Biography

Jean de La Fontaine - Biography

Short biography - Jean de La Fontaine is universally known for his Fables. But he was also the author of Tales, Poems, Comedy, Epistles and Speeches, which did not always earn him admiration and friendships. Writer, slightly libertine poet, he will accede to the chair of the French Academy, his dearest ambition at the end of his life, but he will have to renounce his first tales and will thus be "in order" with God!

Bontemps, valet and confidant of the Sun King

Bontemps, valet and confidant of the Sun King

Of the Sun King's four First Valets de Chambre, Alexandre Bontemps has gone down in French history for being the most renowned, the most courteous, the most beloved of the king, but the most feared of ministers. Saint Simon, who was not tender, had these words: "rare man of his kind, man of domestic secrecy, who knows everything about the King, his habits, his private life, and an extremely rare fact, neither slanders nor peddle no gossip ”.

Vercingétorix (1st century BC) - Biography

Vercingétorix (1st century BC) - Biography

Vercingetorix (72-46 BC) was a Gallic aristocrat and chief of the Arvernes tribe. At the head of a coalition of Gallic peoples, he stood up to the Roman armies before having to capitulate during the siege of Alesia. Vercingetorix, defeated by Caesar, almost all by himself embodies a national myth dating back to the "Gauls", a symbol of resistance and character in the face of the occupier.

Beaumarchais (Pierre Augustin Caron) - Biography

Beaumarchais (Pierre Augustin Caron) - Biography

Short biography - Pierre Augustin Caron, ennobled by Louis XV takes the name of Beaumarchais at the age of twenty-five. Known for his theatrical works such as the Barber of Seville and the Marriage of Figaro, at the origin of the Society of Dramatic Authors and Composers, he is an emblematic figure of the Enlightenment.

Ephemeris of September 26

Ephemeris of September 26

1939: In response to the German-Soviet pact, the President of the Council Edouard Daladier dissolves the French Communist Party. 1928: Twenty-three countries sign the Kellog-Briand pact, which outlaws war. 1918: World War I , the Allies launch the offensive which will break through the Hindenburg Line.

Chronology of the history of France

Chronology of the history of France

This chronology of the history of France spans 2,000 years of history. It begins with Roman Gaul, the ancestor of France. It will take more than a millennium, between the 5th and 16th centuries, for France to acquire its name, its geographical cohesion and the consciousness of its inhabitants to belong to a nation.

Ephemeris of September 9

Ephemeris of September 9

1976: Mao Zedong dies in Beijing at the age of 82 1975: successful launch of the Viking 2 probe, which leaves to explore March 1943: After the Italian surrender, Corsica rises against the German occupier. 1850 : California becomes the 31st state of the United States. 1642: At the heart of the Thirty Years' War, the French army, which invaded Roussillon, takes Perpignan.

Jean Racine - Biography

Jean Racine - Biography

Short biography - Jean Racine is, along with Pierre Corneille and Molière, one of the most outstanding dramatists of the century of Louis XIV. After trying to reconcile his literary aspirations with an ecclesiastical career, he devoted himself entirely to the theater. Emblematic figure of classical tragedy, Racine paints the fatal victory of the Passions over Reason and throws on the boards tormented heroes doomed to destroy themselves and unable to escape their fate imposed by divine forces.

Ephemeris of September 23

Ephemeris of September 23

1956 - France and Great Britain submit the problem of the Suez Canal to the UN Security Council. 1915 - World War I: French offensive in Champagne. 1862 - Bismarck becomes Prime Minister of Prussia. 1817 - L & 39 Spain signs a treaty with England to end the slave trade.

Ephemeris of September 21

Ephemeris of September 21

1979: Jean Bedel Bokassa, known as & 34; Bokassa Ier emperor de Centrafrique & 34 ;, is driven from his throne by his nephew David Dacko, aided by the French army. 1765: A king's arquebus-carrier kills a large wolf- cervier on the domain of the royal abbey of Chazes. We are then convinced that it is "the beast of Gévaudan" 1558: At the same time Emperor of Germany, Prince of the Netherlands and King of Spain, Charles V died at 58 years old in Yuste in Spain.

Ephemeris of September 18

Ephemeris of September 18

1776: The first Spanish expedition arrives on the south-eastern coasts of North America and founds San Francisco there. 1595: The ambassadors of the King of France force Clement VIII to grant the absolution to Henry IV, under the coup of a & 39; heresy & 34; charge launched ten years earlier by Sixtus V, and to recognize him as King of France.

Isère in history

Isère in history

Recently published by Presses Universitaires de Grenoble, L’Isère en histoire invites you to revisit the history of the region through the rich collection of the museum of the former bishopric of Grenoble. An immersion in the heart of "Isère" history enhanced by a beautiful edition of which the PUGs have the secret.

The Russian Campaign (1812)

The Russian Campaign (1812)

During the tragic Russian campaign which began on June 24, 1812, Napoleon I lost more than 300,000 men. It was the beginning of the end for the French Empire. The retreat will be marked by numerous scenes of atrocities where the barbarity of the Cossacks disputes it in the deplorable climatic conditions imposed by "General Winter".

September 11, 2001, a planetary event (Ed. Ouest-France)

September 11, 2001, a planetary event (Ed. Ouest-France)

The ten years of the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon have caused an inflation of television programs and publications of uneven quality to take stock of the impact and the historical scope of these tragic events. The work published by Ouest-France and the Mémorial de Caen has for him originality by deciding to approach the tragedy through the objects of September 11, 2001, thus allowing a very strong identification, unlike the images that have turned in loop on all television channels.

The Jean sans Peur tower (medieval Paris): History and heritage

The Jean sans Peur tower (medieval Paris): History and heritage

In the heart of Paris, rue Etienne Marcel, stands one of the last remaining vestiges of medieval Paris, the Jean sans Peur tower. Ostentatious mark of the Burgundian presence in the troubled Paris of the early 15th century, it is a must for anyone passionate about medieval history, in particular the Hundred Years War.