Category: Various

The Last Notes

Alexander the Great, conqueror of the end of the world

Alexander the Great, conqueror of the end of the world

Alexander the great remains one of the greatest conquerors of all time. Just eight years after his accession to the Macedonian throne, he had subdued the entire Persian Empire and reached the Gateway to India, ephemeral realizing the union between East and West. Brilliant strategist but poor administrator, his vast empire did not survive him, unlike the cultural heritage he had spread to the East.

Name Jules: origin, history, etymology and meaning

Name Jules: origin, history, etymology and meaning

The Juliuses were members of a patrician family in Rome, believed to be descended from Iule, the son of Aeneas, and from which Julius Caesar was descended. This name spread throughout the ancient world. It was common in the 19th century, then faded until 2000 before coming back into fashion. Celebration on April 12.

Ephemeris of March 29

Ephemeris of March 29

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Heimdall, the keeper of Bifröst

Heimdall, the keeper of Bifröst

After Odin establishes the nine worlds on the ash tree Yggdrasyl, he creates Bifröst, the rainbow bridge, to connect Asgard and the lower worlds and he entrusts its care to the god Heimdall (Heimdallr). Every day the gods take the bridge to the council chaired by Odin which takes place at the foot of the ash tree Yggdrasil, near the source of Urđr.

Crusades - Dates and Chronology (1095-1291)

Crusades - Dates and Chronology (1095-1291)

The Crusades were military expeditions organized by Western Christians to liberate the Holy Land and the tomb of Christ in Jerusalem, then under Muslim rule. Sometimes diverted from their initial objective, these crusades will last more than two centuries. Great feudal and European monarchs, such Richard the Lionheart, Frédéric Barberousse or Philippe Auguste will be illustrated there with more or less success.

Afrikakorps and the Desert War (1941-1943)

Afrikakorps and the Desert War (1941-1943)

The Afrikakorps was a detachment of the Wehrmacht in North Africa, commanded by Erwin Rommel from February 1941 to May 1943 during World War II. Composed of 45,000 men and 250 tanks, the Afrika Korps rose to immediate fame thanks to the remarkable strategic intuition of Erwin Rommel, a German general whose career began in the armored divisions engaged in the campaign in France in 1940.

Ephemeris of June 5

Ephemeris of June 5

1942: After a first halt in the Coral Sea, the Japanese army suffers a decisive defeat against the Americans at the Battle of Midway. 1947: The Marshall Plan, named after the American Secretary of State, proposes a program economic and industrial aid intended to stimulate the reconstruction of Europe.

Holy war: between Crusade and Jihad

Holy war: between Crusade and Jihad

The crusade is most often assimilated above all to a holy war. So what are the origins of this notion of “Holy War”? Likewise, the concept of Jihad (or Jihad) is seen as the Muslim counterpart of this religious conception of war, accomplished for God and of goals that would be just.

Pont du Gard, the largest Roman aqueduct

Pont du Gard, the largest Roman aqueduct

Located above the Gardon, near Nîmes, the Pont du Gard is the highest of the Roman aqueduct bridges and one of the greatest achievements of Roman architecture in France. Large monument classified as a Major Monument in 1840 by Prosper Mérimée, registered as an historic monument in 1913, admitted to Unesco World Heritage in 1985, it was only a simple utilitarian construction in the time of the Roman Empire.

The Day of the Tiles (Grenoble, June 7, 1788)

The Day of the Tiles (Grenoble, June 7, 1788)

We regularly think, but wrongly, that the French Revolution had its beginnings in Paris: the first revolt took place in Grenoble on June 7, 1788, during the Tile Day, opposing the representative of the king in the Dauphiné and the Parliament of the city supported by two lawyers from the Third Estate.

Ephemeris of May 28

Ephemeris of May 28

1940: Faced with the German invasion, the Belgian King Leopold III is forced to capitulate without an armistice. 1871: At the end of the & 34; Bloody Week & 34; (May 21-28, 1871), the Paris Commune was crushed by the government installed in Versailles. 1830: The United States, then under the presidency of Andrew Jackson, promulgated the so-called & 34; Indian Removal Act & 34; which gives the order to deport all Indian populations east of the Mississippi.

Dutch painting in the 17th century

Dutch painting in the 17th century

Dutch painting, in the 17th century, in an undoubtedly prosperous period for the United Provinces (these were the seven northern provinces of the Spanish Netherlands which had decided by the Hague Act in 1581 to unite to break free from Spanish tutelage and gain independence), was characterized by a creation that was not only substantial, but qualitatively remarkable.

Fall of Constantinople (May 29, 1453)

Fall of Constantinople (May 29, 1453)

The fall of Constantinople in 1453 is often cited as the end of the Middle Ages. Indeed, May 29 marks the end of the Eastern Roman Empire, with the capture of Constantinople, its capital, under the blows of the Ottoman Turks. The Byzantine Empire, declining since the thirteenth century, and harassed by the Ottoman Empire, was reduced to a small territory around the city founded by Constantine in May 330, when Sultan Mehmet II began his siege.

Ephemeris of May 23

Ephemeris of May 23

1934: Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, 24 and 25, fall into an ambush set out by the police on a small road in Louisiana. 1780: American physicist and politician Benjamin Franklin invents bifocals. 1618: Defenestration of Prague, protestant and Catholic opponent about the succession of the King of Bohemia, episode which marks the beginning of the 30 years war.

Joseph Stalin - Biography

Joseph Stalin - Biography

Stalin (1879-1953), was a leader of the Soviet Union, whose personal history was intertwined, for more than thirty years, with that of the USSR. By its political and military weight, it made the USSR the second world power and its action had a determining influence on the territorial expansion of the communist model, in particular in Eastern Europe.

Ephemeris of April 22

Ephemeris of April 22

1915: During the trench warfare, the Germans use a new weapon in Ypres (Belgium): asphyxiating gases. 1815: Hundred days: Napoleon promulgates the Additional Act to the Constitutions of the Empire, inspired by the Charter granted by Louis XVIII in 1814.1500: The Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral, left to discover another route to India, discovers Brazil.

Ephemeris of May 18

Ephemeris of May 18

1897: Irish writer Abraham Stoker, known as Bram Stoker, publishes & 34; Dracula & 34;. 1804: A senatus-consulte establishes the Empire and promulgates the Constitution of the year XII. Napoleon Bonaparte exchanges his title of First Consul for that of Emperor. 1302: The Flemings revolt against the French occupier and massacre the soldiers of the garrison in Bruges.

Ephemeris of May 14

Ephemeris of May 14

1955: Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, GDR, Romania, USSR and Czechoslovakia sign the Warsaw Pact. 1948: The very day the British Mandate over the Palestine, President Chaim Weizmann proclaims the State of Israel. 1900: The II Modern Olympic Games are opened in Paris, as part of the Universal Exhibition.

Armistice or Capitulation: what's the difference?

Armistice or Capitulation: what's the difference?

The difference between Armistice and Capitulation is not always very well understood and sometimes causes confusion among schoolchildren, students and even sometimes among communicators or in the media. The difference is not, however, only semantic, because the consequences are not the same for the countries concerned, as shown by the examples we have chosen to illustrate this recurring confusion.

Ephemeris of May 11

Ephemeris of May 11

1987: The trial of Klaus Barbie, former Gestapo commander in Lyon, begins before the Rhône Court. 1924: SFIO Socialists and Left Radicals unite to form the Left Cartel and win the legislative elections . 1745: During the War of the Austrian Succession, the French, commanded by Maurice de Saxe, achieve a brilliant victory over the English and the Dutch at the Battle of Fontenoy (Belgium).